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You are here >1Up Info > Wildlife, Animals, and Plants > Plant Species > Shrub > Species: Gaylussacia frondosa | Dangleberry

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SPECIES: Gaylussacia frondosa | Dangleberry
GENERAL BOTANICAL CHARACTERISTICS : Dangleberry is a native, deciduous, freely branched slender shrub [26,33]. The typical variety grows to 6 feet (2 m) in height, G. f. var. tomentosa grows to 3 feet (1 m) in height, and G. f. var. nana grows to 2 feet (0.6 m) in height [14]. The fruit is a fleshy drupe containing around 10 seeds [13,33]. Aerial stems arise from extensively branched rhizomes to form clones [22]. The aerial stems are usually 3 to 72 inches (7.6-183 cm) apart on the rhizomes. The woody rhizomes are usually 0.13 to 0.38 inches (0.3-1.0 cm) in diameter. They are generally confined to the humus layer and the top 2 inches (5 cm) of the A1 soil horizon. Roots are generally confined to the same soil level as the rhizomes [20]. RAUNKIAER LIFE FORM : Geophyte REGENERATION PROCESSES : Dangleberry regenerates by vegetative reproduction and seed. Existing dangleberry colonies regenerate after disturbance primarily by sprouting from rhizomes. Destruction of aboveground stems stimulates sprouting [21,22]. Dangleberry probably colonizes new sites by animal-dispersed seed [12]. Dangleberry was present in the understory of an oak (Quercus spp.)-pine woods in the New Jersey pine barrens but absent from the seedbank [23]. SITE CHARACTERISTICS : Dangleberry occurs primarily on the southeastern United States coastal plains and is infrequent on the Piedmont. It grows in sandy and rocky woods and on the margins of shrub bogs and swamps [5,14,26]. Dangleberry grows on acidic, low-nutrient, poorly to well-drained soils [1,12,18,28]. It grows on both organic and mineral soils but prefers an intermediate soil type with a shallow organic layer [18]. At the outermost fringe of a bog in North Carolina, a tall shrub community which included dangleberry occurred on soil with a 10- to 12-inch (25-30 cm) organic layer [34]. Dangleberry is a facultative phreatophyte; its roots extend to the water table in lowland areas, but do not reach the water table in upland areas [20]. SUCCESSIONAL STATUS : Facultative Seral Species Dangleberry is probably intermediate in shade tolerance but may be more productive when grown in sunlight. It is an important component in older stands of the New Jersey pine barrens [29]. In Massachusetts, dangleberry occurs in a mid- to late-successional forest dominated by white oak (Quercus alba), American beech (Fagus grandifolia), and sassafras (Sassafras albidum) [24]. SEASONAL DEVELOPMENT : Dangleberry flowers March through May, and fruits mature July through August [26,35].

Related categories for Species: Gaylussacia frondosa | Dangleberry

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Information Courtesy: U.S. Department of Agriculture, Forest Service, Rocky Mountain Research Station, Fire Sciences Laboratory. Fire Effects Information System

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