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You are here >1Up Info > Wildlife, Animals, and Plants > Plant Species > Shrub > Species: Salix myrtillifolia | Blueberry Willow

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SPECIES: Salix myrtillifolia | Blueberry Willow
WOOD PRODUCTS VALUE : NO-ENTRY IMPORTANCE TO LIVESTOCK AND WILDLIFE : Along the Tanana River in Alaska, tall blueberry willow was heavily browsed by moose [29]. In other studies, however, low and tall blueberry willow were lightly browsed by moose and considered an unimportant dietary component [18,30]. Willows (Salix spp.) are generally a preferred food and building material of beaver [1]. Willow shoots, catkins, leaves, and buds are eaten by numerous small mammals and birds [13]. PALATABILITY : In interior Alaska, blueberry willow is less palatable to moose than Alaska willow (S. alaxensis), sandbar willow (S. interior), littletree willow (S. arbusculoides), and tealeaf willow (S. planifolia ssp. pulchra) [18,30]. In general, moose prefer most willow species over birch (Betula spp.); aspen, poplar, and cottonwood (Populus spp.); or alder (Alnus spp.) [30]. NUTRITIONAL VALUE : Blueberry willow is relatively high in moisture, protein, and caloric content. In Alaska, blueberry willow is nutritionally similar to highly preferred moose browse species. Mean nutrient values were as follows [18]: protein (%) fat (%) crude fiber (%) ash (%) 6.4 3.5 27.7 2.9 COVER VALUE : NO-ENTRY VALUE FOR REHABILITATION OF DISTURBED SITES : Willow stem cuttings are commonly planted for restoration of wildlife habitat, streambank protection, and the reclamation of sites disturbed by mining and construction [20]. Blueberry willow is apparently well suited for these purposes. In the laboratory, blueberry willow stem cuttings taken in the spring readily produced roots [8]. OTHER USES AND VALUES : All willows produce salacin, which is closely related chemically to aspirin. Native Americans used various preparations from willows to treat tooth ache, bee sting, stomach ache, and diarrhea [14,19]. Native Americans also used flexible willow stems for making baskets, bows, arrows, scoops, and fish and muskrat traps [14]. MANAGEMENT CONSIDERATIONS : NO-ENTRY

Related categories for Species: Salix myrtillifolia | Blueberry Willow

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Information Courtesy: U.S. Department of Agriculture, Forest Service, Rocky Mountain Research Station, Fire Sciences Laboratory. Fire Effects Information System

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