Wildlife, Animals, and Plants
VALUE AND USE
SPECIES: Salix myrtillifolia | Blueberry Willow
WOOD PRODUCTS VALUE :
IMPORTANCE TO LIVESTOCK AND WILDLIFE :
Along the Tanana River in Alaska, tall blueberry willow was heavily
browsed by moose . In other studies, however, low and tall
blueberry willow were lightly browsed by moose and considered an
unimportant dietary component [18,30].
Willows (Salix spp.) are generally a preferred food and building
material of beaver . Willow shoots, catkins, leaves, and buds are
eaten by numerous small mammals and birds .
In interior Alaska, blueberry willow is less palatable to moose than
Alaska willow (S. alaxensis), sandbar willow (S. interior), littletree
willow (S. arbusculoides), and tealeaf willow (S. planifolia ssp.
pulchra) [18,30]. In general, moose prefer most willow species over
birch (Betula spp.); aspen, poplar, and cottonwood (Populus spp.); or
alder (Alnus spp.) .
NUTRITIONAL VALUE :
Blueberry willow is relatively high in moisture, protein, and caloric
content. In Alaska, blueberry willow is nutritionally similar to highly
preferred moose browse species. Mean nutrient values were as follows
protein (%) fat (%) crude fiber (%) ash (%)
6.4 3.5 27.7 2.9
COVER VALUE :
VALUE FOR REHABILITATION OF DISTURBED SITES :
Willow stem cuttings are commonly planted for restoration of wildlife
habitat, streambank protection, and the reclamation of sites disturbed
by mining and construction . Blueberry willow is apparently well
suited for these purposes. In the laboratory, blueberry willow stem
cuttings taken in the spring readily produced roots .
OTHER USES AND VALUES :
All willows produce salacin, which is closely related chemically to
aspirin. Native Americans used various preparations from willows to
treat tooth ache, bee sting, stomach ache, and diarrhea [14,19]. Native
Americans also used flexible willow stems for making baskets, bows,
arrows, scoops, and fish and muskrat traps .
MANAGEMENT CONSIDERATIONS :
Related categories for Species: Salix myrtillifolia
| Blueberry Willow