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July 12, 2020  
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Iraq: Transportation

Transportation Iraq
Railways:
total: 1,963 km
standard gauge: 1,963 km 1.435-m gauge (2003)
Highways:
total: 45,550 km
paved: 38,399 km
unpaved: 7,151 km (2000 est.)
Waterways:
1,015 km
note: Shatt al Arab is usually navigable by maritime traffic for about 130 km; channel has been dredged to 3 m and is in use; Tigris and Euphrates Rivers have navigable sections for shallow-draft boats; Shatt al Basrah canal was navigable by shallow-draft craft before closing in 1991 because of the Gulf war
Pipelines:
gas 1,739 km; oil 5,418 km; refined products 1,343 km (2003)
Ports and harbors:
Umm Qasr, Khawr az Zubayr, and Al Basrah have limited functionality
Merchant marine:
total: 18 ships (1,000 GRT or over) 119,433 GRT/170,221 DWT
ships by type: cargo 9, passenger 1, passenger/cargo 1, petroleum tanker 6, roll on/roll off 1 (2002 est.)
Airports:
150 (2002); note - unknown number were damaged during the March-April 2003 war
Airports - with paved runways:
total: 77
over 3,047 m: 21
2,438 to 3,047 m: 36
914 to 1,523 m: 6
under 914 m: 9 (2002)
1,524 to 2,437 m: 5
Airports - with unpaved runways:
total: 73
under 914 m: 11 (2002)
over 3,047 m: 5
2,438 to 3,047 m: 5
914 to 1,523 m: 28
1,524 to 2,437 m: 24
Heliports:
5 (2002)

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Source: The CIA World Fact Book 2003

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