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You are here >1Up Info > Wildlife, Animals, and Plants > Plant Species > Shrub > Species: Lespedeza bicolor | Bicolor Lespedeza

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SPECIES: Lespedeza bicolor | Bicolor Lespedeza
WOOD PRODUCTS VALUE : NO-ENTRY IMPORTANCE TO LIVESTOCK AND WILDLIFE : Bicolor lespedeza provides good cover for birds and small mammals [3,7]. It is often planted as food for northern bobwhite and other upland game birds [7,15]. On the Alabama Piedmont, the seeds of bicolor lespedeza comprised nearly 34.1 percent of the total food volume consumed by northern bobwhite [26]. Rabbits eat the bark in the winter. When planting bicolor lespedeza for wildlife food, direct seeding in the field is more successful than transplanting seedlings [29]. Bicolor lespedeza has been grown in Japan for hay production. Yields and quality are good [25]. PALATABILITY : NO-ENTRY NUTRITIONAL VALUE : Bicolor lespedeza seeds are high in protein content but are generally low in digestibility [20]. Nutritional values of aerial parts of fresh, immature and fresh, early bloom to full-bloom bicolor lespedeza are fair to poor. Some nutritional values (percent) are listed below [22]: aerial part, fresh immature fresh, early bloom calcium 1.63 1.57 iron 0.034 0.030 magnesium 0.38 0.33 phosphorous 0.48 0.24 potassium 1.65 1.21 P:Ca ratio 1:3 1:6 COVER VALUE : NO-ENTRY VALUE FOR REHABILITATION OF DISTURBED SITES : Bicolor lespedeza is a nitrogen-fixing legume planted for wildlife habitat improvement, erosion control, and stabilization along streambanks and steep slopes [14,16,29]. In the East it grows rapidly, and its leaves produce a heavy soil-protecting mulch. Nursery stock and field seedings of about 10 pounds per acre (1.5 kg/ha) are used for wildlife habitat enhancement and erosion control [14]. It has been planted on infertile acidic soils in the lower Coastal Plain of Virginia, North Carolina, South Carolina, and in the Piedmont of North Carolina and Virginia [17]. It has also been planted on sandy soils of eastern Texas [27]. Establishment is usually most rapid and assured by planting seedlings but can also be accomplished by direct seeding. Normally, seed is mixed and sown with herbaceous species [29]. The cultivator 'Natob' is an early maturing, hardy, geographic strain of bicolor lespedeza. 'Natob' is more winter hardy than any other lespedeza shrub grown in this country [3,7]. This culitvator is recommended where the growing season is 145 days or longer and the first frost is September 25 or later. Its seed yield is about 350 pounds per acre (52.9 kg/ha) in most parts of the recommended area [3]. OTHER USES AND VALUES : Bicolor lespedza is a good source of pollen for honey bees [14]. It is often planted as an ornamental in the southeastern United States [25]. Tryptophane-derived alkaloids having uterus-contracting or halucinogenic properties have been isolated in Japanese laboratories from Lespedeza bicolor var. japonic [1]. MANAGEMENT CONSIDERATIONS : Bicolor lespedeza can interfere with initial tree growth and survival and make later management operations difficult [17].

Related categories for Species: Lespedeza bicolor | Bicolor Lespedeza

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Information Courtesy: U.S. Department of Agriculture, Forest Service, Rocky Mountain Research Station, Fire Sciences Laboratory. Fire Effects Information System

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