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You are here >1Up Info > Wildlife, Animals, and Plants > Plant Species > Shrub > Species: Sarcobatus vermiculatus | Black Greasewood

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SPECIES: Sarcobatus vermiculatus | Black Greasewood
GENERAL DISTRIBUTION : Black greasewood is widely distributed from the northern desert ranges of Canada to Mexico [39]. It occurs in Washington and Oregon east of the Cascades to southeastern California east of the Sierras [21]. Black greasewood extends eastward to the Dakotas, Wyoming, and Colorado, and southward into northwestern New Mexico and Texas [21]. It is a dominant species throughout much of the Great Basin [50]. ECOSYSTEMS : FRES17 Elm - ash - cottonwood FRES21 Ponderosa pine FRES29 Sagebrush FRES30 Desert shrub FRES35 Pinyon - juniper FRES36 Mountain grasslands FRES38 Plains grasslands FRES40 Desert grasslands STATES : AZ CA CO ID KS MT NV NM ND OK OR SD TX UT WA WY AB BC SK MEXICO ADMINISTRATIVE UNITS : ARCH BADL BICA CANY CARE CHCU COLM DEVA DINO FOBU GLCA GRCA GRTE GRSA JODA MEVE NABR PEFO THRO WUPA YELL BLM PHYSIOGRAPHIC REGIONS : 5 Columbia Plateau 6 Upper Basin and Range 7 Lower Basin and Range 8 Northern Rocky Mountains 9 Middle Rocky Mountains 10 Wyoming Basin 11 Southern Rocky Mountains 12 Colorado Plateau 13 Rocky Mountain Piedmont 15 Black Hills Uplift 16 Upper Missouri Basin and Broken Lands KUCHLER PLANT ASSOCIATIONS : K011 Western ponderosa forest K016 Eastern ponderosa forest K017 Black Hills pine forest K018 Pine - Douglas-fir forest K023 Juniper - pinyon woodland K037 Mountain mahogany - oak scrub K038 Great Basin sagebrush K039 Blackbrush K040 Saltbush - greasewood K041 Creosotebush K051 Wheatgrass - bluegrass K055 Sagebrush steppe K056 Wheatgrass - needlegrass shrubsteppe K057 Galleta - three-awn shrubsteppe K063 Foothills prairie K064 Grama - needlegrass - wheatgrass K065 Grama - buffalograss K066 Wheatgrass - needlegrass K098 Northern floodplain forest SAF COVER TYPES : 237 Interior ponderosa pine 239 Pinyon - juniper SRM (RANGELAND) COVER TYPES : 211 Creosotebush scrub 314 Big sagebrush-bluebunch wheatgrass 315 Big sagebrush-Idaho fescue 316 Big sagebrush-rough fescue 320 Black sagebrush-bluebunch wheatgrass 321 Black sagebrush-Idaho fescue 401 Basin big sagebrush 403 Wyoming big sagebrush 405 Black sagebrush 408 Other sagebrush types 414 Salt desert shrub 501 Saltbush-greasewood 506 Creosotebush-bursage HABITAT TYPES AND PLANT COMMUNITIES : Black greasewood is an indicator of nonclimatic (physiographic, edaphic, or biotic) climax in a number of saltbush (Atriplex spp.), sagebrush (Artemisia spp.), and sagebrush-grassland communities. It occurs as a codominant with western wheatgrass (Pascopyrum smithii), basin wildrye (Leymus cinereus), bottlebrush squirreltail (Elymus elymoides), saltgrass (Distichlis spicata), ricegrass (Oryzopsis spp.), big sagebrush (Artemisia tridentata), budsage (A. spinescens), rubber rabbitbrush (Chrysothamnus nauseosus), and shadscale (Atriplex confertifolia). Published classifications listing black greasewood as a plant community dominant or indicator are: Vegetation and soils of the Cow Creek Watershed [2] Vegetation and soils of Churchill Canyon Watershed [3] Distribution of plant communities in southeastern Montana badlands [6] Steppe vegetation of Washington [9] Sagebrush-steppe habitat types in northern Colorado: a first approximation [14] Preliminary habitat types of a semiarid grassland [15] The vegetation of the Grand River/Cedar River, Sioux, and Ashland Districts of the Custer National Forest: a habitat type classification [19] A series vegetation calssification for Region 3 [31] Grassland an shrubland habitat types of western Montana [33] A vegetation classification system applied to southern California [36] Grassland and shrubland habitat types of the Shoshone National Forest [58] Sagebrush steppe [63] Plant associates: Other plants commonly occurring with black greasewood include black sagebrush (A. nova), Nevada ephedra (Ephedra nevadensis), Nuttall's saltbush (Atriplex nuttallii), fourwing saltbush (A. canescens), green rabbitbrush (C. visicidiflorus), Russian-thistle (Salsola kali), spiny hopsage (Grayia spinosa), alkali sacton (Sporobolus airoides), cheatgrass (Bromus tectorum), and pickleweed (Allenrolfea occidentalis) [13,29]. Understory vegetation is often sparse in black greasewood communities. Bare soil may represent a fairly large percentage of the cover and plants are often widely spaced. In a western Utah study, greasewood averaged 13 individuals per square rod [13].

Related categories for Species: Sarcobatus vermiculatus | Black Greasewood

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Information Courtesy: U.S. Department of Agriculture, Forest Service, Rocky Mountain Research Station, Fire Sciences Laboratory. Fire Effects Information System

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