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You are here >1Up Info > Wildlife, Animals, and Plants > Plant Species > Tree > Species: Robinia pseudoacacia | Black Locust

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SPECIES: Robinia pseudoacacia | Black Locust
GENERAL DISTRIBUTION : The original natural range of black locust is in two sections: 1) the central Appalachian Mountains from central Pennsylvania and southern Ohio south to northeastern Alabama, northern Georgia, and northwestern South Carolina, and 2) the Ozark Plateau of southern Missouri, northern Arkansas, northeastern Oklahoma, and the Oachita Mountains of central Arkansas and southeastern Oklahoma. Outlying populations thought to be part of the original natural range occur in southern Indiana, Illinois, Kentucky, Alabama, and Georgia [45]. Black locust has been successfully planted in almost every state [24]. Naturalized populations occur throughout the United States, southern Canada, Europe, and Asia [45]. ECOSYSTEMS : FRES10 White - red - jack pine FRES12 Longleaf - slash pine FRES13 Loblolly - shortleaf pine FRES14 Oak - pine FRES15 Oak - hickory FRES16 Oak - gum - cypress FRES17 Elm - ash - cottonwood FRES18 Maple - beech - birch FRES21 Ponderosa pine FRES27 Redwood FRES28 Western hardwoods FRES29 Sagebrush FRES30 Desert shrub FRES34 Chaparral - mountain shrub FRES35 Pinyon - juniper FRES36 Mountain grasslands FRES38 Plains grasslands FRES39 Prairie FRES40 Desert grasslands STATES : AL AZ AR CA CO CT DE FL GA HI ID IL IN IA KS KY LA ME MD MA MI MN MS MO MT NE NV NH NJ NM NY NC ND OH OK OR PA RI SC SD TN TX UT VT VA WA WV WI WY AB BC MB NB NF NT NS ON PE PQ SK YT ADMINISTRATIVE UNITS : ACAD ALPO ANTI ARCH ASIS BISO BUFF CACO CAHA CATO CHCH COLO CUGA CUVA DEVA DEWA EFMO FIIS FODO GATE GWCA GWMP GRSM INDU JOFL LAME MACA MANA MORR NATR NERI NOCA OBRI OZAR PRWI REDW RICH ROCR SARA SHEN SHIL SLBE TICA VAFO WHIS ZION BLM PHYSIOGRAPHIC REGIONS : 1 Northern Pacific Border 2 Cascade Mountains 3 Southern Pacific Border 4 Sierra Mountains 5 Columbia Plateau 6 Upper Basin and Range 7 Lower Basin and Range 8 Northern Rocky Mountains 9 Middle Rocky Mountains 10 Wyoming Basin 11 Southern Rocky Mountains 12 Colorado Plateau 13 Rocky Mountain Piedmont 14 Great Plains 15 Black Hills Uplift 16 Upper Missouri Basin and Broken Lands KUCHLER PLANT ASSOCIATIONS : K011 Western ponderosa forest K016 Eastern ponderosa forest K017 Black Hills pine forest K023 Juniper - pinyon woodland K037 Mountain-mahogany - oak scrub K038 Great Basin sagebrush K040 Saltbush - greasewood K051 Wheatgrass - bluegrass K055 Sagebrush steppe K057 Galleta - three-awn shrubsteppe K065 Grama - buffalograss K070 Sandsage - bluestem prairie K098 Northern floodplain forest K099 Maple - basswood forest K100 Oak - hickory forest K102 Beech - maple forest K103 Mixed mesophytic forest K104 Appalachian oak forest K106 Northern hardwoods K111 Oak - hickory - pine forest K112 Southern mixed forest SAF COVER TYPES : 26 Sugar maple - basswood 27 Sugar maple 44 Chestnut oak 46 Eastern redcedar 50 Black locust 52 White oak - black oak - northern red oak 53 White oak 55 Northern red oak 57 Yellow-poplar 59 Yellow-poplar - white oak - northern red oak 60 Beech - sugar maple 62 Silver maple - American elm 108 Red maple 110 Black oak 237 Interior ponderosa pine 239 Pinyon - juniper 245 Pacific ponderosa pine SRM (RANGELAND) COVER TYPES : NO-ENTRY HABITAT TYPES AND PLANT COMMUNITIES : Black locust forms pure stands only on disturbed soils where there is no competing overstory vegetation. On good sites, single trees or small groups may persist and grow large enough to form part of the mature canopy [45]. Black locust is found in the southeastern United States largely within oak (Quercus spp.)-hickory (Carya spp.) forests. It also occurs in naturalized populations in a wide range of types including blue ash (Fraxinus quadrangulata) savannas in the inner bluegrass region of Kentucky [13]. Common tree associates in oak-hickory forest include black cherry (Prunus serotina), white ash (Fraxinus americana), sweet birch (Betula lenta), cucumbertree (Magnolia acuminata), black walnut (Juglans nigra), sourwood (Oxydendron arboreum), sassafras (Sassafras albidum), and flowering dogwood (Cornus florida). Associates on dry slopes include black gum (Nyssa sylvatica) and scarlet oak (Quercus coccinea). Associates in prairie-woodland transition zones of the Midwest include blackjack oak (Q. marilandica) and black hickory (C. texana) [1,5,45,55,64,85]. Outside of its native range, black locust often naturalizes in riparian habitats or floodplains [6,44,64].

Related categories for Species: Robinia pseudoacacia | Black Locust

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Information Courtesy: U.S. Department of Agriculture, Forest Service, Rocky Mountain Research Station, Fire Sciences Laboratory. Fire Effects Information System

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