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Chad: People

People Chad
Population:
9,253,493 (July 2003 est.)
Age structure:
0-14 years: 47.9% (male 2,228,605; female 2,201,368)
15-64 years: 49.3% (male 2,171,169; female 2,393,184)
65 years and over: 2.8% (male 105,686; female 153,481) (2003 est.)
Median age:
total: 16 years
male: 15.2 years
female: 16.8 years (2002)
Population growth rate:
3.07% (2003 est.)
Birth rate:
47.06 births/1,000 population (2003 est.)
Death rate:
16.38 deaths/1,000 population (2003 est.)
Net migration rate:
0 migrant(s)/1,000 population (2003 est.)
Sex ratio:
at birth: 1.04 male(s)/female
under 15 years: 1.01 male(s)/female
15-64 years: 0.91 male(s)/female
65 years and over: 0.69 male(s)/female
total population: 0.95 male(s)/female (2003 est.)
Infant mortality rate:
total: 95.74 deaths/1,000 live births
female: 86.11 deaths/1,000 live births (2003 est.)
male: 105 deaths/1,000 live births
Life expectancy at birth:
total population: 48.51 years
male: 46.97 years
female: 50.1 years (2003 est.)
Total fertility rate:
6.44 children born/woman (2003 est.)
HIV/AIDS - adult prevalence rate:
3.6% 5%-7% (2001 est.)
HIV/AIDS - people living with HIV/AIDS:
150,000 (2001 est.)
HIV/AIDS - deaths:
14,000 (confirmed AIDS cases, actual number far higher but difficult to estimate) (2001 est.)
Nationality:
noun: Chadian(s)
adjective: Chadian
Ethnic groups:
200 distinct groups; in the north and center: Arabs, Gorane (Toubou, Daza, Kreda), Zaghawa, Kanembou, Ouaddai, Baguirmi, Hadjerai, Fulbe, Kotoko, Hausa, Boulala, and Maba, most of whom are Muslim; in the south: Sara (Ngambaye, Mbaye, Goulaye), Moundang, Moussei, Massa, most of whom are Christian or animist; about 1,000 French citizens live in Chad
Religions:
Muslim 51%, Christian 35%, animist 7%, other 7%
Languages:
French (official), Arabic (official), Sara (in south), more than 120 different languages and dialects
Literacy:
definition: age 15 and over can read and write French or Arabic
total population: 47.5%
male: 56%
female: 39.3% (2003 est.)

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Source: The CIA World Fact Book 2003

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