Dominican Republic - Unavailable
Figure 3. Estimated Population Distribution by
Age and Sex, 1990
Source: Based on information from Dominican Republic, Oficina
Nacional de Estadística, La República Dominicana en Cifras,
1987, 14, Santo Domingo, 1987, 49, 51.
Size and Growth
It has been estimated that the country's total
mid-1990 will total slightly more than 7 million
(see Dominican Republic - fig. 3).
Growth had been high since official census taking began in
The rate peaked during the 1950s at 3.6 percent per year.
the 1960s and the 1970s, the population grew at 2.9
annually; by the mid-1980s, the rate was thought to be
The total fertility rate, although still relatively
declined substantially in the 1970s. Official estimates
that half of all married women used contraceptives. Both
Dominican Republic's continued high population growth
field studies belied this figure, however.
The government began supporting family planning in
clinics were concentrated in the cities and larger towns.
the Secretariat of State for Public Health and Social
(Secretaria de Estado de Salud Pública y Asistencia
SESPAS) and the National Population and Family Council
Nacional de Población y Familia--CNPF) offered family
services. By the 1980s, both organizations were trying to
their programs more responsive to the needs of rural
Birth control encountered strong resistance from both
especially in the countryside and the smaller cities.
women did use a variety of substances believed to be
contraceptives or abortifacients, there was considerable
misinformation about family planning. Many men believed
control threatened their masculinity; some women refused
contraception because some methods produced nausea and
effects. International migrants were more aware of the
options, and some women migrants did use modern
The traditional (non-administrative) subregions of the
country included Valdesia and Yuma in the southeast,
and Del Valle in the southwest, and the Central Cibao, the
Eastern Cibao, and the Western Cibao in the north. The
of densest settlement was Valdesia on the southern coast,
contained the nation's capital and more than 40 percent of
population. Roughly one-third of all Dominicans lived in
National District. The other major area of settlement was
Central Cibao, which accounted for more than 20 percent of
table 2, Appendix A).
Administrations had attempted to control both
growth and its distribution since the 1950s. The Trujillo
fostered agricultural colonies scattered throughout the
countryside and strung along the western frontier with
Some were coupled with irrigation projects.
Beginning in the late 1970s, the government also set up
industrial free zones around the country. Although the
increase employment was the government's primary
establishment of free zones had as a secondary goal the
of industrialization, and thus migration, away from Santo
(see Dominican Republic - Manufacturing
, ch. 3). Intercensal growth rates on
the subregional and the provincial levels reflected these trends.
Plata grew at more than twice the rate of the nation as a
in the 1970s. The southeast, especially the National
expanded much faster than most of the country, as did La
Data as of December 1989