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Appendix
Table 1. Metric Conversion Coefficients and Factors

When you know Multiply by To find
Millimeters 0.04 inches
Centimeters 0.39 inches
Meters 3.3 feet
Kilometers 0.62 miles
Hectares 2.47 acres
Square kilometers 0.39 square miles
Cubic meters 35.3 cubic feet
Liters 0.26 gallons
Kilograms 2.2 pounds
Metric tons 0.98 long tons
1.1 short tons
2,204 pounds
Degrees Celsius (Centigrade) 1.8 and add 32 degrees Fahrenheit

Table 2. Presidents of the Federal Republic of Germany, 1949-

President Years in Office Former Party Affiliation
Theodor Heuss 1949-59 FDP
Heinrich Lübke 1959-69 CDU
Gustav Heinemann 1969-74 SPD
Walter Scheel 1974-79 FDP
Karl Carstens 1979-84 CDU
Richard von Weizsäcker 1984-94 CDU
Roman Herzog 1994- CDU

Source: Based on information from David Childs, Germany in the Twentieth Century, New York, 1991, 296.

Table 3. Governments of the Federal Republic of Germany, 1949-

Date Formed Reason for Change Coalition Partners Chancellor
September 1949 Election CDU/CSU, FDP, DP Konrad Adenauer (CDU)
October 1953 -do- CDU/CSU, FDP, DP, All German Bloc/Federation of Expellees and Displaced Persons Konrad Adenauer (CDU)
October 1957 -do- CDU/CSU, DP Konrad Adenauer (CDU)
November 1961 -do- CDU/CSU, FDP Konrad Adenauer (CDU)
October 1963 Chancellor retirement -do- Ludwig Erhard (CDU)
October 1965 Election -do- Ludwig Erhard (CDU)
December 1966 Coalition change CDU/CSU, SPD Kurt Georg Kiesinger (CDU)
October 1969 Election SPD, FDP Willy Brandt (SPD)
December 1972 -do- -do- Willy Brandt (SPD)
May 1974 Chancellor retirement -do- Helmut Schmidt (SPD)
December 1976 Election -do- Helmut Schmidt (SPD)
November 1980 -do- SPD, FDP Helmut Schmidt (SPD)
October 1982 Constructive no-confidence vote CDU/CSU, FDP Helmut Kohl (CDU)
March 1983 Election -do- Helmut Kohl (CDU)
January 1987 -do- -do- Helmut Kohl (CDU)
December 1990 -do- -do- Helmut Kohl (CDU)
November 1994 -do- -do Helmut Kohl (CDU)

Source: Based on information from Russell J. Dalton, Politics in Germany, New York, 1993, 64; and Keesing's Record of World Events [Cambridge], 40, No. 11, 1994, 40292.

Table 4. Composition of the Bundestag by Party, 1949-

Year CDU/CSU FDP SPD Greens Alliance 90 PDS Other Total Seats
1949 139 52 131 -- -- -- 80 402
1953 243 48 151 -- -- -- 45 487
1957 270 41 169 -- -- -- 17 497
1961 242 67 190 -- -- -- 0 499
1965 245 49 202 -- -- -- 0 496
1969 242 30 224 -- -- -- 0 496
1972 225 41 230 -- -- -- 0 496
1976 243 39 214 -- -- -- 0 496
1980 226 53 218 -- -- -- 0 497
1983 244 34 193 27 -- -- 0 498
1987 223 46 186 42 -- -- 0 497
1990 319 79 239 0 8 17 0 662
1994 294 47 252 49 --6 30 0 672

Source: Based on information from Russell J. Dalton, Politics in Germany, New York, 1993, 286; and Keesing's Record of World Events [Cambridge], 40, No. 10, 1994, 40237.

Table 5. German Population, Selected Years, 1850-1990 (in millions)

Year Population Year Population
1850 35.3 1930 65.1
1860 37.6 1940 69.9
1870 40.8 1950 68.4
1880 45.1 1960 72.7
1890 49.2 1970 77.7
1900 56.0 1980 78.3
1910 64.6 1990 79.4
1920 61.8    

Source: Based on information from David Childs, Germany in the Twentieth Century, New York, 1991, 303; and Federal Republic of Germany, Statistisches Bundesamt, Statistisches Jahrbuch 1994 für die Bundesrepublik Deutschland, Stut tgart, 1994, 50.

Table 6. Population of the Federal Republic of Germany and the German Democratic Republic, Selected Years, 1950-90 (in thousands)

Year Federal Republic of Germany German Democratic Republic Total
1950 49,989 18,388 68,377
1955 52,382 17,944 70,326
1960 55,433 17,241 72,674
1965 58,619 17,028 75,647
1970 60,651 17,058 77,709
1975 61,847 16,850 78,697
1980 61,538 16,737 78,275
1981 61,663 16,736 78,399
1982 61,596 16,697 78,293
1983 61,383 16,699 78,081
1984 61,126 16,671 77,796
1985 60,975 16,644 77,619
1986 61,010 16,624 77,635
1987 61,077 16,641 77,718
1988 61,450 16,666 78,116
1989 62,063 16,614 78,677
1990 63,254 16,111 79,365

Source: Based on information from Federal Republic of Germany, Statistisches Bundesamt, Statistisches Jahrbuch 1994 für die Bundesrepublik Deutschland, Stuttgart, 1994, 50.

Table 7. Population, Area, and Capitals of the Länder, December 31, 1992

      Population
Land Capital Area (in square kilometers) Total (in thousands) Density (persons per square kilometer)
Baden-Württemberg Stuttgart 35,751 10,149 284
Bavaria Munich 70,554 11,770 167
Berlin Berlin 889 3,466 3,898
Brandenburg Potsdam 29,476 2,543 86
Bremen Bremen 404 686 1,697
Hamburg Hamburg 755 1,689 2,236
Hesse Wiesbaden 21,114 5,923 281
Lower Saxony Hanover 47,348 7,578 160
Mecklenburg-Western Pomerania Schwerin 23,421 1,865 80
North Rhine-Westphalia Düsseldorf 34,072 17,679 519
Rhineland-Palatinate Mainz 19,846 3,881 196
Saarland Saarbrücken 2,570 1,084 422
Saxony Dresden 18,408 4,641 252
Saxony-Anhalt Magdeburg 20,443 2,797 137
Schleswig-Holstein Kiel 15,732 2,680 170
Thuringia Erfurt 16,176 2,546 157
TOTAL   356,959 80,975 227

Source: Based on information from Federal Republic of Germany, Statistisches Bundesamt, Statistisches Jahrbuch 1994 für die Bundesrepublik Deutschland, Stuttgart, 1994, 52.

Table 8. Cities with Population over 250,000, January 1, 1993

City Population City Population
Berlin 3,466,000 Bochum 400,000
Hamburg 1,689,000 Wuppertal 388,000
Munich 1,257,000 Bielefeld 324,000
Cologne 961,000 Mannheim 318,000
Frankfurt am Main 664,000 Halle 300,000
Essen 627,000 Bonn 298,000
Dortmund 601,000 Gelsenkirchen 295,000
Stuttgart 599,000 Chemnitz 284,000
Düsseldorf 578,000 Karlsruhe 279,000
Bremen 554,000 Magdeburg 273,000
Duisburg 539,000 Wiesbaden 268,000
Hanover 524,000 Münster 267,000
Nuremberg 500,000 Mönchengladbach 265,000
Leipzig 497,000 Augsburg 265,000
Dresden 482,000 Braunschweig 258,000

Source: Based on information from Mario von Baratta, ed., Der Fischer Weltalmanach, 1995, Frankfurt am Main, 1994, 153.

Table 9. Registered Foreign Residents in Germany by Nationality, Selected Years, 1961-92 (in thousands)

Nationality 1961 1970 1987 1992
European Community        
Greece 42 305 256 346
Italy 197 528 500 558
Portugal 1 48 69 99
Spain 44 239 129 134
Other 107 186 286 370
Total European Community 391 1,306 1,240 1,507
Austria 57 123 150 185
Poland n.a. 17 121 286
Turkey 7 429 1,454 1,855
United States 15 48 76 104
Yugoslavia 16 410 552 1,018
Other 200 268 648 1,541
TOTAL 686 2,601 4,241 6,496

Source: Based on information from Federal Republic of Germany, Statistisches Bundesamt, Statistisches Jahrbuch 1994 für die Bundesrepublik Deutschland, Stuttgart, 1994, 72.

Table 10. Principal Causes of Death by Gender, 1991 and 1992 (in thousands)

  1991 1992
Cause of Death Males Females Males Females
Cardiovascular diseases 190.4 265.4 182.0 255.3
Cancer 105.2 105.3 106.8 105.8
Respiratory diseases 29.7 24.1 28.2 22.2
Injuries and poisonings, including traffic accidents and suicides 28.0 18.7 27.2 17.6
Diseases of digestive tract 22.4 20.6 22.0 20.0
Neurological diseases 12.6 10.8 12.9 11.2
Diabetes 6.3 13.3 6.3 13.2
Diseases of reproductive system and urinary tract 4.5 5.5 4.2 5.3
Other 22.7 25.7 21.0 24.3
TOTAL 421.8 489.4 410.6 474.9

Source: Based on information from Federal Republic of Germany, Statistisches Bundesamt, Statistisches Jahrbuch 1994 für die Bundesrepublik Deutschland, Stuttgart, 1994, 458.

Table 11. Overview of Education System, Academic Year 1992-93

Type of Institution Number of Schools Number of Teachers Number of Students
Primary and secondary schools      
Grundschulen 17,941 208,768 3,419,584
Hauptschulen 9,209 101,939 1,483,229
Realschulen 3,634 59,176 1,056,739
Gymnasien 3,126 146,124 2,047,241
Gesamtschulen 930 48,419 493,406
Evening schools 352 3,734 48,606
Total primary and secondary schools 35,192 568,160 8,548,805
Secondary vocational schools      
Berufsschulen 3,233 56,779 1,796,452
Berufsaufbauschulen 230 423 6,564
Berufsfachschulen 2,612 22,103 263,592
Fachoberschulen 740 4,983 75,461
Fachgymnasien 564 9,842 151,819
Total secondary vocational schools 7,379 94,130 2,293,888
Advanced vocational schools      
Fachschulen 1,537 10,953 171,693
Schools of higher education      
Universities 81 127,755 1,223,907
Comprehensive universities 7 8,732 136,731
Teacher-training colleges 8 n.a. 22,518
Theological seminaries 17 n.a. 2,828
Technical colleges 126 5,281 389,501
Art academies 45 1,136 29,718
Colleges of administration 30 n.a. 53,252
Total schools of higher education 314 142,904 1,858,455
TOTAL 44,422 816,147 12,872,841

Source: Based on information from Federal Republic of Germany, Statistisches Bundesamt, Statistisches Jahrbuch 1994 für die Bundesrepublik Deutschland, Stuttgart, 1994, 402-5, 411, 421.

Table 12. Real Changes in Gross Domestic Product (GDP) and in Exports and Imports of Goods and Services, 1970-93 (in percentage change from previous year)

Year GDP Exports Imports
1970-77 (average) 2.7 5.7 5.0
1978 3.0 2.9 5.5
1979 4.2 4.3 9.2
1980 1.0 5.2 3.6
1981 0.1 7.2 -3.1
1982 -0.9 3.9 -1.1
1983 1.8 -0.8 1.4
1984 2.8 8.2 5.2
1985 2.0 7.6 4.5
1986 2.3 -0.6 2.7
1987 1.5 0.4 4.2
1988 3.7 5.5 5.1
1989 3.6 10.2 8.3
1990 5.7 11.0 10.3
1991 5.0 10.9 11.6
1992 2.2 0.7 3.8
1993 -1.1 -6.4 -6.3

Source: Based on information from Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development, Main Economic Indicators [Paris], March 1995, A4, A12-A13.

Table 13. Distribution of Gross Domestic Product by Sector, Selected Years, 1985-93 (in billions of deutsche marks at current prices)

Sector 1985 1990 1991 1992 1993
Agriculture, forestry, and fishing 31.9 37.2 36.3 36.6 33.0
Mining, quarrying, and energy 66.5 70.2      
Manufacturing 578.9 741.0 1,075.1 1,126.9 1,096.6
Construction 94.8 127.5      
Trade, transportation, and communications 261.5 346.6 406.2 416.8 419.8
Government 207.3 253.2 382.0 418.2 439.7
Nonprofit organizations and work done at home 42.7 58.3 916.3 1,029.2 1,118.5
Other services 539.7 791.2      
TOTAL 1,823.2 2,425.2 2,815.9 3,027.6 3,107.5

Source: Based on information from Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development, OECD Economic Surveys, 1993-1994: Germany, Paris, 1994, 150.

Table 14. Agricultural Production, 1993 (in percentages of total production)

Product Percentage
Animal products  
Milk 25.6
Hogs 15.2
Cattle 13.8
Eggs 3.1
Other 3.4
Total animal products 61.1
Plant products  
Grains 11.2
Fruit 6.3
Sugar beets 4.2
Flowers and decorative plants 4.2
Wine 3.2
Potatoes 1.8
Oilseed 1.1
Other 6.7
Total plant products 38.7
Services 0.2
TOTAL 100.0

Source: Based on information from Mario von Baratta, ed., Der Fischer Weltalmanach, 1995, Frankfurt am Main, 1994, 921.

Table 15. Production of Selected Crops, 1991, 1992, and 1993 (in thousands of tons)

Crop 1991 1992 1993
Apples 365 1,378 931
Barley 14,494 12,197 11,006
Beans, broad (dry) 87 56 83
Beans, green 48 59 47
Cabbage 679 714 746
Carrots 225 232 293
Cauliflower 166 150 151
Corn 1,937 2,139 2,657
Cucumbers and gherkins 124 142 118
Currants 126 170 170
Grains, mixed 1,035 1,145 1,405
Grapes 1,373 1,806 1,440
Oats 1,867 1,314 1,731
Onions (dry) 156 201 217
Pears 13 55 43
Plums 13 63 31
Potatoes 10,201 10,897 12,260
Rapeseed 2,972 2,617 2,848
Rye 3,324 2,423 2,984
Strawberries 54 55 59
Sugar beets 25,926 27,150 28,606
Sunflower seed 126 161 210

Source: Based on information from The Europa World Year Book, 1995, 1, London, 1995, 1294.

Table 16. Germany's Thirty Largest Industrial Firms, 1993

Firm Sales (in billions of deutsche marks) Employees (in thousands)
Daimler-Benz 97.7 366.7
Siemens 81.6 391.0
Volkswagen 76.6 253.0
VEBA 66.3 128.3
RWE 55.8 118.0
Hoechst 46.0 172.5
BASF 43.1 112.0
Bayer 41.0 151.9
Thyssen 33.5 141.0
Bosch 32.5 156.6
BMW 29.0 71.0
Mannesmann 28.0 127.7
Metallgesellschaft 26.1 42.6
VIAG 23.7 80.7
Ruhrkohle 23.4 111.2
Preussag 23.3 73.3
Adam Opel 23.0 50.8
Deutsche Shell 21.4 3.2
Ford 21.2 43.8
Hoesch-Krupp 20.5 78.4
ESSO 19.4 2.4
MAN 19.0 57.8
Bertelsmann 17.2 50.5
Degussa 14.9 32.1
Deutsche BP 14.7 2.8
Ruhrgas 14.3 11.6
Henkel 14.1 40.5
IBM Deutschland 12.6 25.0
Ph. Holzmann 12.5 43.8
Agiv 10.0 42.7

Source: Based on information from Mario von Baratta, ed., Der Fischer Weltalmanach, 1995, Frankfurt am Main, 1994, 997-98.

Table 17. Sources of Electricity, 1993 (in percentages of total production)

Source Former West Germany Former East Germany
Nuclear power 33.9 --
Anthracite 31.9 --
Lignite 17.9 91.5
Natural gas 6.6 3.3
Hydroelectric power 4.4 2.3
Petroleum 1.9 1.5
Other 3.4 1.4
TOTAL 100.0 100.0

Source: Based on information from Mario von Baratta, ed., Der Fischer Weltalmanach, 1995, Frankfurt am Main, 1994, 1005-6.

Table 18. Sources of Imported Crude Petroleum by Country, 1993 (in percentages of total imports)

Country Percentage
Norway 18.4
CIS 17.4
Britain 12.4
Libya 11.6
Saudi Arabia 8.2
Algeria 7.8
Nigeria 7.7
Venezuela 5.4
Syria 5.4
Iran 2.5
Kuwait 1.0
Other 2.2
TOTAL 100.0

Source: Based on information from Mario von Baratta, ed., Der Fischer Weltalmanach, 1995, Frankfurt am Main, 1994, 972.

Table 19. Major Trading Partners, 1991, 1992, and 1993 (in percentages of total value)

Country 1991 1992 1993
Exports      
France 13.1 13.0 11.7
Italy 9.2 9.3 7.2
Netherlands 8.4 8.3 7.4
Britain 7.6 7.7 7.7
Belgium and Luxembourg 7.3 7.4 6.6
United States 6.3 6.4 7.7
Austria 5.9 5.9 6.2
Switzerland 5.7 5.3 5.6
Spain 4.0 4.1 3.2
Former Soviet Union 2.7 2.1 2.6
Japan 2.5 2.2 2.6
Sweden 2.3 2.2 2.1
Other 25.1 26.2 29.4
Total exports 100.0 100.0 100.0
Imports      
France 12.2 12.0 11.2
Netherlands 9.7 9.6 8.3
Italy 9.3 9.2 8.1
Belgium and Luxembourg 7.1 7.0 5.7
Britain 6.6 6.8 6.0
United States 6.6 6.6 7.4
Japan 6.2 6.0 6.3
Austria 4.2 4.4 4.8
Switzerland 3.9 4.0 4.4
Spain 2.6 2.7 2.6
Former Soviet Union 2.2 2.0 2.4
China 1.8 1.8 2.6
Other 27.5 27.9 30.2
Total imports1 100.0 100.0 100.0

Source: Based on information from Federal Republic of Germany, Statistisches Bundesamt, Statistisches Jahrbuch 1994 für die Bundesrepublik Deutschland, Stuttgart, 1994, 322.

Table 20. Balance of Payments, Selected Years, 1986-93 (in billions of deutsche marks)

  1986 1989 1991 1993
Exports, f.o.b. 526.4 641.0 665.8 603.5
Imports, c.i.f. -413.7 -506.5 -643.9 -543.7
Supplementary trade items -1.5 -1.3 2.6 -2.3
Trade balance 111.2 133.3 24.5 57.5
Services (net) 1.7 8.5 1.6 -44.0
Transfer payments (net) -27.1 -33.7 -59.2 -49.5
Current account balance 85.8 108.1 -33.1 -35.8
Long-term capital 33.4 -22.2 -25.4 198.2
Short-term capital -116.0 -112.8 43.4 -164.7
Capital account balance -82.6 -135.1 18.0 34.3
Balance of payments 6.0 189.0 -0.3 35.8
Change in reserves 2.8 -21.6 0.8 -34.2

Source: Based on information from Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development, OECD Economic Surveys, 1993-1994: Germany, Paris, 1994, 155; and Economist Intelligence Unit, Country Profile, 1993-1994: Germany, London, 1994, 46.

Table 21. Foreign Trade by Principal Commodity Group, Selected Years, 1985-94 (in billions of deutsche marks)

Commodity Group 1985 1990 1992 1994
Exports, f.o.b.        
Food and live animals 21.5 25.1 29.7 28.7
Beverages and tobacco 3.5 3.7 4.7 5.2
Crude materials (inedible), except fuels 10.7 11.7 12.5 12.4
Mineral fuels, lubricants, and related materials 15.3 8.2 8.2 7.6
Animal and vegetable oils and fats 2.8 1.5 1.5 1.9
Chemicals 71.1 81.7 84.7 92.2
Manufactured goods, classified chiefly by material 100.3 113.5 111.0 110.0
Machinery and transport equip- ment 246.7 317.2 333.1 339.3
Miscellaneous manufactured articles 53.6 71.7 75.5 71.8
Commodities and transactions not classified according to kind 11.5 8.4 10.2 21.5
Total exports 537.1 642.8 671.1 690.5
Imports, c.i.f.        
Food and live animals 44.4 46.4 54.7 50.2
Beverages and tobacco 4.6 5.4 6.7 6.3
Crude materials (inedible), except fuels 31.9 29.5 28.5 26.8
Mineral fuels, lubricants, and related materials 92.2 45.5 47.5 42.9
Animal and vegetable oils and fats 2.8 1.5 1.7 1.8
Chemicals 41.3 49.7 54.6 53.7
Manufactured goods, classified chiefly by material 74.9 98.3 106.2 97.9
Machinery and transport equip- ment 106.0 178.1 220.5 205.8
Miscellaneous manufactured articles 52.9 83.1 103.3 97.3
Commodities and transactions not classified according to kind 13.0 13.1 13.8 28.4
Total imports4 463.8 550.7 637.6 611.1

Source: Based on information from Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development, OECD Economic Surveys, 1994-1995: Germany, Paris, 1995, 173.

Table 22. Land Legislative Elections, 1992-95

                 
Land Election Date CDU SPD FDP Greens PDS Other Total Number of Deputies
                 
Baden-Württemberg April 1992 64 46 8 13 -- 15 146
Bavaria September 1994 120 70 -- 14 -- -- 204
Berlin December 1990 101 76 18 19 22 5 241
Brandenburg November 1994 18 52 -- -- 18 -- 88
Bremen May 1995 37 37 -- 14 -- 12 100
Hamburg September 1993 36 58 -- 19 -- 8 121
Hesse February 1995 45 44 8 13 -- -- 110
Lower Saxony March 1994 67 81 -- 13 -- -- 161
Mecklenburg-Western Pomerania October 1994 30 23 -- -- 18 -- 71
North Rhine-Westphalia May 1995 89 108 -- 24 -- -- 221
Rhineland-Palatinate April 1991 40 47 7 7 -- -- 101
Saarland October 1994 21 27 -- 3 -- -- 51
Saxony September 1994 77 22 -- -- 21 -- 120
                 
                 
                 
                 
                 
                 
Saxony-Anhalt June 1994 37 36 -- 5 21 -- 99
Schleswig-Holstein April 1992 32 45 5 -- -- 7 89
Thuringia October 1994 42 29 -- -- 17 -- 88

Source: Based on information from Mario von Baratta, ed. Der Fischer Weltalmanach, 1995, Frankfurt am Main, 1994, 25-26, 157-82; Keesing's Record of World Events [Cambridge], 41, No. 2, 1995, 40424; and Keesing's Record of World Events [Cambridge], 41, No. 4, 1995, 40561.

Table 23. Major Army Equipment, 1994

Type and Description Country of Origin Number in Inventory
Main battle tanks    
Leopard-1/2 Germany 2,855
Armored vehicles    
Reconnaissance    
Various models -do- 514
Infantry fighting vehicles    
Marder A3 -do- 2,443
Armored personnel carriers    
M-113 United States 2,900
Various models Germany 900
Artillery    
105mm to 155mm, towed Various 378
155mm, self-propelled -do- 577
Multiple rocket launchers    
110mm to 227mm -do- 228
Antitank guided missiles    
Milan France/Germany 1,964
TOW United States 233
HOT France/Germany 316
Surface-to-air missile launchers    
Roland, self-propelled -do- 142
Attack helicopters    
PAH-1 with HOT missiles -do- 205

Source: Based on information from The Military Balance, 1994-1995, London, 1994, 50.

Table 24. Major Naval Equipment, 1994

Type and Description Number in Service Year Commissioned
Submarines    
Type 205 2 1964-66
Type 206/206A 18 1973-75
Destroyers    
Adams class 3 1969-70
Hamburg class, Type 101A 1 1964-65
Frigates    
Bremen class 8 1982-90
Brandenburg class 1 1994
Fast-attack craft (missile)    
Gepard class 10 1982-84
Albatross class 10 1976-77
Tiger class 18 1972-75
Minesweepers and minehunters    
Various types 45 Various dates
Naval aircraft    
Tornado fighter/ground attack 64 -do-
Atlantic marine reconnaissance and electronic intelligence 18 -do-
Do-28 search and air rescue 2 -do
Helicopters    
Sea Lynx antisubmarine 17 -do-
Sea King search and air rescue 22 -do-
Mi-8 transport 29 -do

Source: Based on information from The Naval Institute Guide to Combat Fleets of the World, 1995, Annapolis, 1995, 212-23; and The Military Balance, 1994-1995, London, 1994, 50-51.

Table 25. Major Air Force Equipment, 1994

Type and Description Country of Origin Number in Inventory
Air defense and fighter-ground attack aircraft    
F-4F United States 150
Tornado Germany (consortium) 193
MiG-29 Soviet Union 20
Alpha Jet France/Germany 34
Reconnaissance and electronic intelli- gence    
RF-4E United States 7
Tornado Germany (consortium) 35
Transport    
Transall C-160 Germany/France 85
Helicopters    
UH-1D -do- 108
Air defense missiles    
Hawk launchers United States 216
Roland launchers France/Germany 95
Patriot launchers United States/Germany 288

Source: Based on information from The Military Balance, 1994-1995, London, 1994, 51-52.


1. Freie Demokratische Partei (Free Democratic Party).

2. Christlich Demokratische Union (Christian Democratic Union).

3. Sozialdemokratische Partei Deutschlands (Social Democratic Party of Germany).

4. CDU/CSU--Christlich Demokratische Union (Christian Democratic Union)/Christlich-Soziale Union (Christian Social Union), FDP--Freie Demokratische Partei (Free Democratic Party), DP--Deutsche Partei (German Party).

5. SPD--Sozialdemokratische Partei Deutschlands (Social Democratic Party of Germany).

6. Christlich Demokratische Union (Christian Democratic Union)/Christlich-Soziale Union (Christian Social Union).

7. Freie Demokratische Partei (Free Democratic Party).

8. Socialdemokratische Partei Deutschlands (Social Democratic Party of Germany).

9. Partei des Demokratischen Sozialismus (Party of Democratic Socialism).

10. -- means party did not exist that year.

11. In 1993 the Alliance 90 and the Greens united to form one party.

12. Figures may not add to totals because of rounding.

13. Figures may not add to totals because of rounding.

14. Prior to 1992, figures are for the former West Germany only.

15. Figures are for the European Community membership as of 1992: Belgium, Britain, Denmark, France, Greece, Ireland, Italy, Luxembourg, Netherlands, Portugal, and Spain.

16. n.a--not available.

17. Figures do not include United States officials and military personnel based in Germany.

18. Figures for numbers of schools and students are for the 1993-94 academic year; figures for number of teachers are for the 1991-92 academic year in the territory of the former West Germany.

19. Includes teachers at teacher-training colleges and theological seminaries.

20. n.a.--not available.

21. Includes teachers at colleges of administration.

22. Figures prior to 1991 are for West Germany only.

23. Figures prior to 1991 are for West Germany only.

24. For value of the deutsche mark--see Glossary.

25. Figures may not add to totals because of rounding.

26. Agricultural production amounted to DM64.4 billion (for value of the deutsche mark--see Glossary) in 1993.

27. Includes poultry, horses, sheep, and wool.

28. Includes other vegetables, hops, tobacco, and seeds.

29. For value of the deutsche mark--see Glossary.

30. Electricity production amounted to 453.2 billion kilowatt-hours in 1993.

31. Electricity production amounted to 72.9 billion kilowatt-hours in 1993.

32. -- means no production from this source.

33. Crude petroleum imports amounted to 99.5 million tons in 1993.

34. Commonwealth of Independent States.

35. Includes Angola, Yemen, Tunisia, and others.

36. Figures may not add to totals because of rounding.

37. Figures prior to 1991 are for West Germany only.

38. For value of the deutsche mark--see Glossary.

39. f.o.b.--free on board.

40. c.i.f.--cost, insurance, and freight.

41. Prior to 1991, figures are for West Germany only.

42. For value of the deutsche mark--see Glossary.

43. f.o.b.--free on board.

44. Figures may not add to totals because of rounding.

45. c.i.f.--cost, insurance, and freight.

46. Christlich Demokratische Union (Christian Democratic Union).

47. Sozialdemokratische Partei Deutschlands (Social Democratic Party of Germany).

48. Freie Demokratische Partei (Free Democratic Party).

49. Bündnis 90/Die Grünen (Alliance 90/The Greens).

50. Partei des Demokratischen Sozialismus (Party of Democratic Socialism).

51. -- means no seats won.

52. In Bavaria the CDU is represented by the Christlich-Soziale Union (Christian Social Union--CSU).

53. Main fleet units were constructed in West Germany except Adams-class destroyers, which were built in the United States and reconditioned in West Germany.


Germany - TABLE OF CONTENTS


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