You are here -allRefer - Reference - Country Study & Country Guide - Indonesia >

allRefer Reference and Encyclopedia Resource

allRefer    
allRefer
   


-- Country Study & Guide --     

 

Indonesia

 
Country Guide
Afghanistan
Albania
Algeria
Angola
Armenia
Austria
Azerbaijan
Bahrain
Bangladesh
Belarus
Belize
Bhutan
Bolivia
Brazil
Bulgaria
Cambodia
Chad
Chile
China
Colombia
Caribbean Islands
Comoros
Cyprus
Czechoslovakia
Dominican Republic
Ecuador
Egypt
El Salvador
Estonia
Ethiopia
Finland
Georgia
Germany
Germany (East)
Ghana
Guyana
Haiti
Honduras
Hungary
India
Indonesia
Iran
Iraq
Israel
Cote d'Ivoire
Japan
Jordan
Kazakhstan
Kuwait
Kyrgyzstan
Latvia
Laos
Lebanon
Libya
Lithuania
Macau
Madagascar
Maldives
Mauritania
Mauritius
Mexico
Moldova
Mongolia
Nepal
Nicaragua
Nigeria
North Korea
Oman
Pakistan
Panama
Paraguay
Peru
Philippines
Poland
Portugal
Qatar
Romania
Russia
Saudi Arabia
Seychelles
Singapore
Somalia
South Africa
South Korea
Soviet Union [USSR]
Spain
Sri Lanka
Sudan
Syria
Tajikistan
Thailand
Turkmenistan
Turkey
Uganda
United Arab Emirates
Uruguay
Uzbekistan
Venezuela
Vietnam
Yugoslavia
Zaire

Appendix A. Tables

Table 1. Metric Conversion Coofficients and Factors

When you kow Multiply by To find
Millimeters 0.04 inches
Centimeters 0.39 inches
Meters 3.3 feet
Kilometers 0.62 miles
Hectares 2.47 acres
Square kilometers 0.39 square miles
Cubic meters 35.3 cubic feet
Liters 0.26 gallons
Kilograms 2.2 pounds
Metric tons 0.98 long tons
1.1 short tons
2,204 pounds
Degrees Celsius (Centigrade) 1.8 and add 32 degrees Fahrenheit

Table 2. Climatic Statistics, Selected Stations, 1990

Temperature (in degrees Celsius) Humidity (average relative, in percentages)
Station Precipitation (in millimeters) Minimum Maximum Minimum Maximum
Banda Aceh 250* 21.3 33.3 85 90
Banjarmasin 169 20.0 34.7 79 89
Dili 110 20.2 32.2 64 78
Jakarta 133 22.0 33.4 73 82
Jayapura 320 23.8 31.4 77 81
Mataram 195 20.4 35.8 68 90
Medan 166 22.0 33.6 81 87
Palembang 254 23.0 33.2 79 89
Semarang 202 19.8 32.6 73 84
Surabaya 129 23.6 35.0 60 85
Ujungpandang 195 22.7 32.6 72 82
Yogyakarta 131 19.1 33.7 77 88

*1989 data.

Source: Based on information from Indonesia, Central Bureau of Statistics, Statistik Indonesia/Statistical Year Book of Indonesia, 1990, Jakarta, January 1991, 14-19; and Indonesia, Central Bureau of Statistics, Statistik Indonesia/Statistical Year Book of Indonesia, 1991, Jakarta, January 1992, 14-19.

Table 3. Population Growth and Density, Selected Years, 1920-90

Year Population (in thousands) Growth Rate (during previous decade) Density (per square kilometer)
1920 49,344 n.a. 26
1930 60,593 n.a. 32
1940 70,112 n.a. 37
1950 76,571 n.a. 41
1961 97,019 n.a. 51
1971 119,208 2.10 62
1980 147,490 2.32 77
1990 179,379 1.98 93

n.a.--not available.

Source: Based on information from Netherlands Indies, Central Bureau of Statistics, Department of Economic Affairs, Statistik Indonesia/Statistical Pocket Book of Indonesia, 1941, Batavia, February 1941, 5; Indonesia, Central Bureau of Statistics, Statistik Indonesia/Statistical Pocketbook of Indonesia, 1970 and 1971, Jakarta, August 1971, 22-23; and Indonesia, Central Bureau of Statistics, Statistik Indonesia/Statistical Year Book of Indonesia, 1991, Jakarta, January 1992, 39-41.

Table 4. Area, Population, and Density by Provincial-Level Unit, 1980 and 1990

Provincial-Level Unit Area (in square kilometers) Population (in thousands) Density (per square kilometer)
1980 1990 1980 1990
Aceh 55,392 2,611 3,416 47 62
Bali 5,561 2,470 2,778 444 500
Bengkulu 21,168 768 1,179 36 55
Irian Jaya 421,981 1,174 1,641 3 4
Jakarta 590 6,503 8,254 11,023 13,990
Jambi 44,800 1,446 2,016 32 45
Jawa Barat 46,300 27,454 35,381 593 764
Jawa Tengah 34,206 25,373 28,522 742 834
Jawa Timur 47,921 29,189 32,504 609 678
Kalimantan Barat 146,760 2,486 3,239 17 22
Kalimantan Selatan 37,660 2,065 2,598 55 69
Kalimantan Tengah 152,600 954 1,396 6 9
Kalimantan Timur 202,440 1,218 1,877 6 9
Lampung 33,307 4,625 6,006 139 180
Maluku 74,505 1,411 1,856 19 25
Nusa Tenggara Barat 20,177 2,725 3,370 135 167
Nusa Tenggara Timur 47,876 2,737 3,269 57 68
Riau 94,561 2,169 3,306 23 35
Sulawesi Selatan 72,781 6,062 6,982 83 96
Sulawesi Tengah 69,726 1,290 1,711 18 25
Sulawesi Tenggara 27,686 942 1,350 34 49
Sulawesi Utara 19,023 2,115 2,479 111 130
Sumatera Barat 49,778 3,407 3,999 68 80
Sumatera Selatan 103,688 4,630 6,277 45 61
Sumatera Utara 70,787 8,361 10,256 118 145
Timor Timur 14,874 555 0,748 37 50
Yogyakarta 3,169 2,751 2,913 868 919
INDONESIA 1,919,317 147,490 179,379 77 93

Source: Based on information from Indonesia, Central Bureau of Statistics, Statistik Indonesia/Statistical Handbook of Indonesia, 1991, Jakarta, January 1992, 39-41.

Table 5. Religious Affiliation, 1980 and 1985

(in percentages)
Religion 1980 1985*
Muslim 87.1 86.9
Protestant 5.8 6.5
Catholic 3.0 3.1
Hindu 2.0 1.9
Buddhist 0.9 1.0
Other 1.2 0.6
TOTAL 100.0 100.0

n.a.--not available.
*The last year for which total figures on religious affiliation have been made available by the Indonesian government.

Source: Based on information from Indonesia, Central Bureau of Statistics, Statistik Indonesia/Statistical Handbook of Indonesia, 1986, Jakarta, January 1987, 168-69.

Table 6. Religious Affiliation by Provincial-Level Unit, 1991

(in percentages)
Provincial-Level Unit Muslim Protestant Catholic H indu Buddhist Other Total1
Aceh 97.75 1.50 0.25 0.02 0.47 0.01 100.00
Bali 5.22 0.58 0.47 93.18 0.55 -- - 100.00
Bengkulu 97.38 1.32 0.62 0.22 0.46 --- 100.00
Irian Jaya 14.90 64.30 20.70 0.14 0.10 --- 100.00
Jakarta 84.83 5.94 4.76 0.96 3.51 --- 100.00
Jambi 92.16 0.73 0.73 0.20 0.34 5.842 100.00
Jawa Barat 97.70 1.10 0.50 0.11 0.50 0.20 100.00
Jawa Tengah 95.50 2.20 1.60 0.20 0.40 0.10 100.00
Jawa Timur 96.70 2.00 0.70 0.40 0.20 --- 100.00
Kalimantan Barat 54.02 9.00 19.29 0.12 2.70 14.872 100.00
Kalimantan Selatan 97.61 0.82 0.34 0.30 0.20 0.732 100.00
Kalimantan Tengah 67.70 15.40 1.00 15.80 0.10 -- - 100.00
Kalimantan Timur 85.68 9.54 4.01 0.22 0.55 --- 100.00
Lampung 94.40 1.60 1.00 2.37 0.60 0.10 100.00
Maluku 54.80 40.90 4.00 0.10 0.10 0.1 100.00
Nusa Tenggara Barat 95.90 0.60 0.40 2.90 0.10 0.1 100.00
Nusa Tenggara Timur 9.80 27.60 54.20 0.11 0.15 8.4 100.00
Riau 87.30 2.30 0.50 1.31 7.30 2.70 100.00
Sulawesi Selatan 88.40 8.50 1.40 0.50 0.30 1.00 100.00
Sulawesi Tengah 76.00 20.30 0.30 2.80 0.20 0.4 100.00
Sulawesi Tenggara 98.00 1.30 0.30 0.40 0.05 --- 100.00
Sulawesi Utara 44.10 49.10 2.90 0.58 0.20 0.1 100.00
Sumatera Barat 97.90 0.90 0.90 0.20 0.30 --- 100.00
Sumatera Selatan 94.30 1.30 1.10 0.30 1.80 1.30 100.00
Sumatera Utara 63.22 27.96 4.60 0.41 3.68 0.13 100.00
Timor Timur 1.70 2.60 91.40 0.30 0.10 3.902 100.00
Yogyakarta 91.20 3.50 5.00 0.30 0.10 --- 100.00

---means negligible.
1 Figures may not add to total because of rounding. The source of the information used in this table did not provide totals. The last year for which total figures on religious affiliation have been made available by the Indonesian government is 1985.
2 No "other" category was reported. The figure represents the estimated difference between the total of the other religions and 100 percent when data provided by the source did not add to 100.

Source: Based on information from Indonesia, Department of Information, Directorate of Foreign Information Services, Indonesia 1992: An Official Handbook, Jakarta, 1992, 55- 72.

Table 7. Participation in Popular Culture Activities, 1987

(in percentages of population ten years of age and over on weekly basis)
Type of Activity Percentage
Watching television 64.4
Listening to radio 63.1
Participating in social organizations 49.8
Playing or watching sports 31.7
Reading newspapers and magazines 21.6
Attending cultural performances 8.4
Watching motion pictures 5.2

Source: Based on information from Indonesia, Central Bureau of Statistics, Statistik Indonesia/Statistical Handbook of Indonesia, 1991, Jakarta, January 1992, 134-35.

Table 8. Principal Ethnic Groups by Island, 1983

Major Island or Island Group*
Island or Region
Ethnic Group
Sumatra
Northern Sumatra
Acehnese
Angkola
Batak
Dairi
Gayo
Karo
Kluet Alas
Mandailing
Pak-pak
Simlungen
Singkil
Toba
Central Sumatra
Kerinci
Melayu
Minangkabau
Rejang
Southern Sumatra
Javanese
Komering
Lampung
Islands southwest of Sumatra
Simeulue
Simeulue
Nias
Nias
Mentawai
Mentawai
Enggano
Enggano
Java
Javanese
Sundanese
Madura
Madurese
Bali
Balinese
Nusa Tenggara
Alor
Abui
Kabola
Kafoa
Kelon
Kui
Woisika
Babar
Babar
Flores
Ende-Li'o
Kedang
Lamaholot
Manggarai
Ngada
Palu'e
Riung
Sikka
Leti
Leti
Lombok
Balinese
Sasak
Pantar
Blagar
Lama
Nedebang
Tewa
Roti
Roti
Savu
Savu
Sumba
Anakalang
Kambera
Kodi
Laboya
Mamboru
Wanukaka
Weyewa
Sumbawa
Bima
Sumbawa
Timor
Atoni
Galoli
Kemak
Makasai
Mambai
Tetum
Tukudede
Kalimantan
Northeastern Kalimantan
Apokayan
Bajau
Dusun
Kenyah
Modang
Murut
Punan
Tidung
Central Kalimantan
Bakumpai
Biatah
Bukar Sadong
Dohoi
Iban
Jagoi
Kahayan
Kapuas (Ngaju)
Katingan
Kendayan
Lara'
Maanyan
Mbaloh
Melanau
Merau
Ot Danum
Siang
Silakau
Singgie
Tunjung
Southern Kalimantan
Ancalong
Banjar
Dayak
Kutai
Lawangan
Melayu
Meratus (Bukit)
Ngaju Dayak
Pasir
Tenggarong
Sulawesi
Northern Sulawesi
Bintauna
Bola'ang Mongondow
Gorontalo
Kaidipang
Minahasa
Mongondow
Tombulu
Tondano
Tonsawang
Tonsea
Tontemboan
Central and Southern Sulawesi
Bada
Balantak
Balesan
Bugis
Bungku
Dompelasa
Dondo
Kaili
Kasimbar
Mamuju
Mandar
Mori
Pamona (Bare'e)
Saluan
Sama
Tolitoli
Tomini
Toraja
Maluku Islands
Ambon
Ambonese
Aru
Kola
Ujir
Wokam
Banda
Bandanese
Biak
Biak
Buru
Buru
Halmahera
Galela
Kalabra
Loloda
Modole
Pagu
Sahu
Tehit
Tobaru
Tobelo
Kai
Kai
Makian
Makian
Seram
Alune
Geser
Hitu
Manusela
Nuaulu
Sepa-Teluti
Watubela
Wemale
Sula
Sula
Taliabo
Taliabo
Tanimbar
Tanimbar
Ternate
Ternate
Tidore
Tidore
Irian Jaya
Asmat
Boazi
Dani
Dumut
Ekagi
Kemtuk
Kilmeri
Kwerba
Marind
Mekwei-Gresi-Kansu
Mianmin
Moni
Ngali
Nimboran
Ok
Papasena
Saberi (Isirawa)
Sempan
Sentani
Taikat
Tanamerah
Tor
Uhunduni
Waris
Wodani
Yotafa (Tobati)

* The major islands and island groups in this list are arranged geographically, generally from west to east. The category of Coastal Malays, which includes various groups listed in this table, are people found in northern and southern Sumatra, and the coast of Kalimantan.

Source: Based on information from Stephen A. Wurm and Shiro Hattori (eds.), Language Atlas of the Pacific Area, Canberra, 1981-83, 38-45; Frank M. LeBar (eds.), Ethnic Groups of Insular Southeast Asia, New Haven, 1972-75, various pages; and Indonesia, Department of Education and Culture, Directorate of History and Traditional Values, Petu suku bangsa di Indonesia (Geographic Distribution of Ethnic Groups in Indonesia), Jakarta, 1991, various pages.

Table 9. Enrollment by Level of Education and Sex, 1987 and 1990

(in millions of students)
Level of Education 1987 1990
Males Females Males Fema les
Primary school 12.76 12.17 12.82 12.34
Junior high school 4.72 4.10 4.21 3.76
Senior high school 2.85 2.33 2.58 2.15
Postsecondary institution 1.33 0.87 1.45 0.97

Source: Based on information from Indonesia, Central Bureau of Statistics, Statistik Indonesia/Statistical Year Book of Indonesia, 1991, Jakarta, January 1992, 103.

Table 10. Enrollment in Private and Semiprivate Schools by Region, Level of Education, and Sex, 1985

(in percentages)
Region Primary School Junior High School Senior High School
Males Females Males Fema les Males Females
Sumatra 10 12 8 12 6 10
Java 15 18 13 14 10 10
Bali and Nusa Tenggara 4 4 7 8 1 1
Kalimantan 10 11 12 15 9 11
Sulawesi 5 6 7 11 7 10
Maluku and Irian Jaya 3 3 3 4 7 8
INDONESIA 13 15 11 13 9 10

Source: Based on information from Mayling Oey-Gardiner, "Gender Differences in Schooling in Indonesia," Bulletin of Indonesian Economic Studies, April 1991, 63.

Table 11. Health Care Use by Level of Education, 1986

(rate per year)
Type of Use Level of Education
None Primary School Secondary School
Hospital admissions (per 1,000 persons) 7.04 11.75 21.14
Outpatient visits (per person)
Government hospitals 0.023 0.467 0.567
Private hospitals 0.003 0.042 0.071
Health centers 0.224 0.241 0.234
Private clinics 0.001 0.005 0.005
Physicians 0.044 0.088 0.186
Paramedics 0.084 0.085 0.060

Source: Based on information from World Bank, Indonesia: Health Planning and Budgeting, Washington, 1991, 8.

Table 12. Infant Mortality Rates by Level of Education of Mother, 1990

Level of Education Mortality Rate (per 1,000 live births)
None 98.8
Some primary school 82.5
Primary school completed 60.1
Secondary and postsecondary institution 33.9
National average 75.2

Source: Based on information from World Bank, Indonesia: Health Planning and Budgeting, Washington, 1991, 4.

Table 13. Comparative Health Care Expenditure Ratios, ASEAN Countries, Selected Years, 1981- 851

(in percentages and United States dollars)
Country Year Percentage of Central Government Expenditure Percentage of GDP2 Per Capita Income3
Brunei 1984 0.03 0.01 140.34
Indonesia 1985 2.56 0.56 3.37
Malaysia 1981 4.39 1.36 23.40
Philippines 1985 5.95 0.63 3.75
Singapore 1985 6.47 1.78 122.29
Thailand 1985 5.69 1.20 8.98

1 ASEAN--Association of Southeast Asian Nations (see Glossary).
2 GDP--gross domestic product (see Glossary).
3 In United States dollars.

Source: Based on information from World Bank, Indonesia: Health Planning and Budgeting, Washington, 1991, 14; and Brunei, Ministry of Finance, Economic Planning Unit, Statistic Division, Brunei Darussalam Statistical Yerabook, 1990, Bandar Seri Begawan, 1991, 189, 196-97.

Table 14. Comparative Mortality Projections, ASEAN Countries, 1990-94 and 2000- 041

Country Infant Mortality (per 1,000 live births)2 Life Expectancy at Birth
1990-94 2000-04 1990- 94 2000-04
Brunei 10 7 76.3 79.2
Indonesia 55 34 63.0 68.1
Malaysia 20 13 70.8 73.6
Philippines 38 26 64.9 68.3
Singapore 6 5 74.9 77.4
Thailand 25 16 66.9 70.8
ASEAN average 26 17 69.5 72.9
East and Southeast Asia average 32 21 69.8 72.7

1 ASEAN--Association of Southeast Asian Nations (see Glossary).
2 Of every 1,000 live births, the number that would die before their first birthday.

Source: Based on information from Eduard Bos, Patience W. Stephens, My T. Vu, and Rodolfo A. Bulatao, Asia Region Population Projections: 1990-91 Edition, Washington, February 1991, 13, 43, 59, 75, 95, 97, and 105.

Table 15. Balance of Payments, Selected Years, 1982-90*

(in billions of United States dollars)
1982 1984 1986 1988 1989 1990
Merchandise trade
Exports 19.7 20.8 14.4 19.5 23.0 26.8
Imports -17.9 - 15.0 -11.9 -13.8 -16.3 -20.7
Trade balance 1.9 5.7 2.5 5.7 6.7 6.1
Net services -4.4 -3.7 -3.4 - 3.2 -3.6 -3.9
Net factor income -3.0 -4.1 -3.2 - 4.1 -4.5 -4.8
Transfers 0.1 0.2 0.3 0.3 0.3 0.2
Current account balance -5.3 -1.9 -3.9 - 1.4 -1.1 -2.4
Foreign direct investment 0.2 0.2 0.3 0.6 0.7 1.0
Portfolio investment 0.3 0.0 0.3 - 0.1 -0.2 0.0
Official borrowings 3.7 2.9 2.6 1.9 2.8 0.8
Other borrowings 1.4 0.3 1.0 - 0.2 -0.4 2.0
Capital account balance 5.6 3.4 4.2 2.2 2.9 3.8
Errors and omissions -2.2 -0.6 -1.3 - 0.9 -1.4 0.9
Counterpart items 0.0 0.0 0.0 - 0.1 0.0 -0.2
Change in reserves (minus means increase) -1.9 1.0 - 1.0 -0.2 0.4 2.1

*Figures may not compute to balance because of rounding.

Source: Based on information from International Monetary Fund, International Financial Statistics Yearbook, 1991, Washington, 1992, 434-35.

Table 16. Structure of Gross Domestic Product by Sector at Current Prices, Selected Years, 1967- 891

(in percentages)
Sector 1967 1971 1980 198 4 19892
Agriculture, forestry, and fishing
Farm food crops 35.5 n.a. 14.0 14.0 14.5
Smallholder plantation crops 5.4 n.a. n.a. 3.1 2.9
Estate plantation crops 2.2 n.a. n.a. 0.7 0.8
Livestock 3.9 n.a. n.a. 2.3 2.5
Forestry 0.7 n.a. n.a. 1.0 1.0
Fishing 6.4 n.a. n.a. 1.5 1.8
Total agriculture, forestry, and fishing 54.1 44.8 24.8 22.6 23.4
Mining
Oil and LNG3 n.a. n.a. n.a. 17.7 11.7
Other n.a. n.a. n.a. 1.1 1.4
Total mining 2.7 8.0 25.7 18.9 13.1
Manufacturing
Non-oil and LNG n.a. n.a. n.a. 10.5 15.1
Oil refinery n.a. n.a. n.a. 1.1 1.3
LNG n.a. n.a. n.a. 3.0 2.0
Total manufacturing 7.3 8.4 11.6 14.6 18.4
Utilities 0.3 0.5 0.5 0.4 0.6
Construction 1.7 3.5 5.6 5.3 5.3
Commerce 17.6 16.1 14.1 14.9 17.0
Transportation and communications 2.2 4.4 4.3 5.6 5.5
Financial services 0.5 1.2 1.7 3.4 3.9
Public administration and defense 4.8 5.8 6.9 7.2 6.7
Other services 8.8 7.2 4.8 7.0 6.0
TOTAL 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0
(in billions of rupiahs)4 848 3,672 45,446 89,750 166,324
Private consumption 92.7 77.2 60.5 60.2 53.4
Government consumption 7.4 9.3 10.3 10.2 9.4
Gross investment 8.0 15.8 20.9 26.0 34.7
Net exports -8.1 -2.2 8.3 3.5 2.5
Net factor payments -1.1 -1.8 -4.4 - 4.7 -4.9

n.a.--not available.
1Figures may not add to totals because of rounding.
2Preliminary.
3LNG--liquefied natural gas.
4For value of the rupiah--see Glossary.

Source: Based on information from Bank Indonesia, Report for the Financial Year, Jakarta, 1975, 1984, 1989, and 1990, various pages.

Table 17. Structure of Gross Domestic Product by Sector at Constant Prices, Selected Years, 1967- 89

(in percentages)
Sector 1967 1971 19801 19842 19893
Agriculture, forestry, and fishing 51.8 43.6 30.7 22.2 20.6
Mining 3.8 9.8 9.3 20.6 15.6
Manufacturing 8.3 8.8 15.3 14.6 18.5
Utilities 0.4 0.4 0.7 0.4 0.6
Construction 1.6 3.1 5.7 5.3 5.5
Transportation and communications 3.6 3.8 5.5 5.4 5.3
Other services 30.5 30.6 32.9 31.5 34.0
TOTAL4 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0
Private consumption 85.3 72.1 79.4 59.0 52.6
Government consumption 8.0 9.5 13.3 10.1 10.2
Gross investment 7.4 15.5 25.9 27.3 27.8
Net exports -0.7 2.9 -18.7 3.6 9.4

1Calculated in 1973 prices.
2Calculated in 1983 prices.
3Preliminary and calculated in 1983 prices.
4Figures many not add to total because of rounding.

Source: Based on information from Bank Indonesia, Report for the Financial Year, Jakarta, 1975, 1984, 1989, and 1990, various pages.

Table 18. Central Government Budget, Selected Periods, Fiscal Years 1979-921

(in percentages)
Repelita III 1979-83 Repelita IV 1984- 88 Repelita V, 1989
19902 1989- 93 19912 19922
Revenues
Domestic revenues
Oil and gas revenues 56.6 38.3 29.5 25.2 29.7 24.9
Income tax 9.7 10.7 14.4 15.2 15.9 19.5
Value-added and sales taxes3 4.3 11.3 15.3 15.9 16.3 19.7
Import duties 3.6 3.4 4.2 4.6 5.1 5.4
Excise tax 4.1 4.3 3.9 4.5 4.4 4.4
Export tax 1.5 0.5 0.5 0.3 0.2 0.1
Land and building tax 0.7 1.0 0.7 0.7 1.7 1.8
Other taxes 1.1 1.6 1.5 1.4 0.7 2.1
Nontax revenue 2.7 5.5 5.4 6.0 5.6 5.2
Total domestic revenues 84.3 76.7 75.3 73.7 79.5 82.9
Development funds4
Program aid 0.3 3.9 2.6 6.7 3.0 0.9
Project aid 15.4 19.4 22.1 19.6 17.5 16.2
Total development funds 15.7 23.3 24.7 26.3 20.5 17.1
Total revenues 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0
Expenditures
Routine expenditures
Personnel 16.4 16.9 16.2 16.1 15.3 16.3
Material 6.4 5.4 4.5 4.0 4.4 4.3
Regional subsidies 8.6 10.4 9.3 9.9 9.2 9.4
Debt service 8.6 24.4 31.3 30.3 28.4 28.3
Other 8.5 1.8 2.4 1.9 3.1 0.8
Total routine expenditures 48.6 59.0 63.8 62.2 60.4 59.2
Development expenditures 51.4 41.0 36.2 37.8 39.6 40.8 Total expenditures 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0
(Total expenditures in trillions of rupiahs)5 66.4 124.0 38.2 42.9 50.6 56.1
(Total expenditures as percentage of GDP)6 24.3 22.2 22.9 21.7 n.a. n.a.

n.a.--not available.
1Figures may not add to totals because of rounding.
2Budget, not actual, figures.
3For definition of value-added tax--see Glossary.
4 Derived from foreign aid and borrowing.
5For value of the rupiah--see Glossary.
6GDP--gross domestic product (see Glossary), based on calendar year.

Source: Based on information from Indonesia, Central Bureau of Statistics, Statistik Indonesia/Statistical Year Book of Indonesia, 1990, Jakarta, January 1991, 437-38; Bank Indonesia, Report for the Financial Year 89-90, Jakarta, 1990, 55; and Bank Indonesia, Report for the Financial Year 83-84, Jakarta, 1984.

Table 19. Composition of Merchandise Imports, Selected Years, 1982-90

(in percentages)
Commodity 1982 1984 1986 1988 1989 1990
Food and beverages 12.7 6.5 7.2 7.7 7.6 5.1
Raw materials 3.5 3.9 4.1 5.4 5.4 4.7
Fuels 16.2 19.5 10.3 7.2 7.7 8.9
Ores and metals 2.4 2.6 4.3 3.9 4.4 5.0
Machinery and equipment 33.5 36.3 38.4 38.7 37.7 42.7
Other 31.4 30.5 35.3 36.5 36.8 33.6
TOTAL* 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0
(in billions of United States dollars) 10.8 13.9 10.7 13.2 16.4 21.8

*Figures may not add to total because of rounding.

Source: Based on information from Indonesia, Central Bureau of Statistics, Statistik perdagangan luar negeri Indonesia: Impor (Indonesian Foreign Trade Statistics: Imports), Jakarta, 1985, 1987, and 1991, various pages; and United Nations Conference on Trade and Development, Handbook of International Trade and Development Statistics, 1990, New York, 1991, 169.

Table 20. Composition of Merchandise Exports, Selected Years, 1982-90

(in percentages)
Commodity 1982 1984 1986 1988 1989 1990
Agricultural products
Rubber 2.7 4.3 4.8 6.5 4.6 3.3
Coffee 1.5 2.6 5.6 2.9 2.2 1.5
Palm oil 0.5 0.5 0.8 2.3 1.8 1.2
Timber 2.5 1.7 1.9 3.1 4.1 1.1
Other 3.4 4.9 8.2 9.2 8.6 9.1
Total agricultural products 10.6 14.0 21.3 24.0 21.3 16.2
Crude minerals and nonferrous metals
Petroleum and petroleum products 69.4 57.0 37.2 27.0 27.3 28.8
Natural gas 13.0 16.2 18.8 13.0 11.8 14.3
Aluminum 0.1 1.0 1.3 1.6 1.6 0.9
Tin 1.6 1.2 1.0 0.9 1.1 0.7
Other 1.4 1.5 2.4 4.0 4.1 3.5
Total crude minerals and nonferrous metals 85.5 76.9 60.7 46.5 45.9 48.2
Manufactures
Plywood 1.4 3.6 7.6 11.7 10.9 10.9
Clothing 0.5 1.4 3.5 4.1 5.3 6.4
Fabric and yarns 0.2 0.9 2.1 3.5 3.8 4.8
Footwear 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.4 1.0 2.2
Furniture 0.0 0.0 0.1 0.4 0.8 1.1
Other 1.7 3.2 4.7 9.4 11.1 10.2
Total manufactures 3.8 9.1 18.0 29.5 32.9 35.6
TOTAL* 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0
(in billions of United States dollars) 22.3 21.9 14.8 19.2 22.2 25.7

* Figures may not add to total because of rounding.

Source: Based on information from Indonesia, Central Bureau of Statistics, Statistik perdagangan luar negeri Indonesia: Ekspor (Indonesian Foreign Trade Statistics: Exports), Jakarta, 1983, 1985, 1987, 1989, and 1991, various pages.

Table 21. Merchandise Imports by Country, Selected Years, 1982-901

(in percentages)
Country 1982 1984 1986 19 88 1989 1990
Asia
Japan 25.4 23.8 29.2 25.4 23.3 24.9
ASEAN countries2
Singapore 16.7 12.9 9.0 6.6 6.3 5.8
Philippines 0.3 0.6 0.5 2.2 2.3 1.3
Thailand 1.4 0.1 0.5 0.3 0.4 0.3
Malaysia 1.2 0.4 0.7 0.7 1.3 0.8
Brunei --- --- --- --- --- ---
Total ASEAN countries 19.6 14.0 10.5 9.8 10.3 8.2
China 1.4 1.6 3.1 3.0 3.3 3.0
Other (includes South Korea and Taiwan) 6.8 5.9 6.8 9.8 12.1 13.4
Total Asia 53.2 45.3 49.6 48.0 49.0 49.5
Western Hemisphere
United States 14.3 18.4 13.8 12.9 13.5 11.5
Other 1.7 3.3 3.6 3.8 4.6 4.2
Total Western Hemisphere 16.0 21.7 17.4 16.7 18.1 15.7
Europe
EEC countries3
West Germany 7.1 5.9 6.7 6.7 5.6 6.9
France 3.4 3.1 2.6 3.6 2.5 3.0
Britain 2.6 2.1 3.2 2.5 2.2 2.0
Netherlands 1.1 1.9 1.8 2.0 1.6 2.6
Other 2.1 2.3 2.9 4.5 3.9 4.3
Total EEC countries 16.3 15.3 17.2 19.3 15.8 18.8
Other 3.7 3.1 3.8 4.2 4.1 3.8
Total Europe 20.0 18.4 21.0 23.5 19.9 22.6
Middle East 6.9 9.9 6.3 5.0 4.9 5.0
Australia and New Zealand 2.7 3.2 4.5 5.0 6.3 6.0
Other 1.2 1.2 1.3 1.8 2.0 1.1
TOTAL 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0

---means negligible.
1Figures may not add to totals because of rounding.
2ASEAN--Association of Southeast Asian Nations (see Glossary).
3EEC--European Economic Community.

Source: Based on information from International Monetary Fund, Direction of Trade Statistics Yearbook, 1989, Washington, 1990, 224-25; and International Monetary Fund, Direction of Trade Statistics Yearbook, 1991, Washington, 1992, 224-25.

Table 22. Merchandise Exports by Country, Selected Years, 1982-90

1
(in percentages)
Country 1982 1984 1986 19 88 1989 1990
Asia
Japan 50.1 47.3 44.9 41.7 42.2 42.5
ASEAN countries2
Singapore 14.0 9.7 8.4 8.5 8.2 7.4
Philippines 1.3 0.8 0.7 0.4 0.7 0.6
Malaysia 0.3 0.4 0.6 0.9 1.0 1.0
Thailand 0.1 0.4 0.6 0.8 1.1 0.7
Brunei --- --- --- --- --- ---
Total ASEAN countries 15.7 11.3 10.3 10.6 11.0 9.7
China 0.1 --- 0.9 2.5 2.4 3.2
Other (includes South Korea and Taiwan) 4.6 6.3 8.0 10.9 10.4 12.2 Total Asia 70.5 64.9 64.1 65.7 66.0 67.6
Western Hemisphere
United States 15.9 20.6 19.6 16.2 15.8 13.1
Other 4.2 4.9 1.6 0.8 0.7 0.9
Total Western Hemisphere 20.1 25.5 21.2 17.0 16.5 14.0
Europe
EEC countries3
Netherlands 1.2 1.5 3.1 3.3 3.1 2.8 West Germany 1.1 1.1 2.3 2.4 2.2 2.9
Britain 0.6 0.8 1.3 1.8 1.7 2.0
France 0.3 0.2 0.6 0.9 0.9 1.1
Other 0.9 1.4 2.1 2.8 2.6 2.9
Total EEC countries 4.1 5.0 9.4 11.2 10.5 11.7
Other 0.4 1.0 1.3 1.0 1.3 1.1
Total Europe 4.5 6.0 10.7 12.2 11.8 12.8
Australia and New Zealand 4.2 2.3 1.6 1.7 2.0 1.9
Middle East 0.5 0.8 1.5 2.2 2.6 2.9
Other 0.2 0.4 1.1 1.1 1.0 0.5
TOTAL 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0

---means negligible.
1Figures may not add to totals because of rounding.
2ASEAN--Association of Southeast Asian Nations (see Glossary).
3EEC--European Economic Community.

Source: Based on information from International Monetary Fund, Direction of Trade Statistics Yearbook, 1989, Washington, 1990, 224-25; and International Monetary Fund, Direction of Trade Statistics Yearbook, 1991, Washington, 1992, 224-25.

Table 23. Production Trends for Agriculture, Forestry, and Fishing, 1977-79 and 1987-89

(in thousands of tons unless otherwise indicated)
Commodity 1977-79 Annual Average 1987- 891 Annual Average Growth Rate2
Cassava 13,047 15,272 1.6
Cloves 32 78 9.5
Coconut (copra) 1,558 2,183 3.4
Coffee 216 409 6.6
Corn 3,593 6,107 5.4
Cotton 1 20 37.6
Eggs 149 471 12.2
Fish, freshwater 421 710 5.4
Fish, saltwater 1,234 2,148 7.3
Meat 476 941 7.0
Milk (in millions of liters) 65 259 14.8
Palm kernels 101 326 12.4
Palm oil 552 1,713 12.0
Peanuts 426 557 2.7
Pepper 45 55 1.9
Rice, hulled 17,091 28,345 5.2
Rubber 860 1,256 3.9
Soybeans 607 1,230 7.3
Sugarcane 1,518 2,189 3.7
Sweet potatoes 2,246 2,082 -0.8
Tea 97 139 3.6
Teak (in thousands of cubic meters)3 514 737 4.1
Tobacco 84 125 4.1
Other timber (in thousands of cubic meters)3 24,714 27,202 1.1

1 Preliminary data for 1988 and 1989.
2 Growth rate calculated as annual rate compounded from 1977-79 to 1987-89 or 1986-88.
3 Final figures for 1987-88 and preliminary data for 1989.

Source: Based on information from Indonesia, Department of Finance, Nota keuangan dan rancangan anggaran pendapatan dan belanja negara: tahun, 1990-91 (Financial Note and Estimated National Budget, Fiscal Year 1990-91), Jakarta, 1990, 312-13, 359.

Table 24. Distribution of Food Crop Production by Region, 1990

1
(in percentages)
Region and Province Irrigated Rice Paddy Dryland Rice Paddy Corn Cassava Sweet Potatoes Peanuts Soybeans
Java
Jawa Barat 23.4 16.6 4.3 13.1 23.9 18.7 6.5
Jawa Timur 18.7 9.5 38.3 23.4 12.5 22.7 31.7
Jawa Tengah 18.0 6.9 22.5 22.3 12.3 20.6 16.0
Other 1.3 4.3 1.7 4.5 0.7 6.0 4.6
Total Java 61.4 37.2 66.8 63.3 49.4 68.0 58.8
Sumatra
Sumatera Utara 5.8 5.9 2.8 2.2 7.0 2.6 1.9
Sumatera Selatan 2.8 8.5 0.4 2.1 1.8 1.9 1.0
Lampung 2.6 9.9 7.4 10.3 1.8 1.9 7.8
Other 8.9 10.1 2.1 3.6 7.1 8.0 13.0
Total Sumatra 20.1 34.4 12.7 18.2 17.7 14.4 23.7
Sulawesi 9.2 4.0 10.7 5.7 8.3 7.9 6.5
Kalimantan 4.1 17.3 0.7 2.9 4.6 2.8 0.8
Nusa Tenggara and Timor Timur 3.2 6.3 7.3 6.6 8.5 4.3 7.8
Bali 2.0 0.2 1.4 1.8 4.6 2.0 2.2
Maluku and Irian Jaya 0.1 0.5 0.4 1.5 7.0 0.6 0.2
TOTAL 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0
Total production (in million of tons) 42.82 2.42 6.7 15.8 2.0 0.6 1.5
Total area (in millions of hectares) 9.4 1.1 3.2 1.3 0.2 0.6 1.3

1 Figures many not add to totals because of rounding.
2 Production measured in dry-stalk paddy.

Source: Based on information from Indonesia, Central Bureau of Statistics, Buletin ringkas (Summary Bulletin), Jakarta, January 1992, 96-98.

Table 25. Production and Exports of Estate Crops, Selected Years, 1978-89

(in thousands of tons)
Crop 1978 1982 1987 1988 1989
Cloves 21 32 70 76 84
Coconut (copra)
Smallholders 1,554 1,707 2,054 2,083 2,268
Private estates 21 11 20 16 35
Government estates --- --- 24 25 25
Total coconut (copra) 1,575 1,718 2,098 2,124 2,328
(Exports) 324 337 381 387 n.a.
Coffee
Smallholders 206 262 368 375 412
Private estates 7 6 8 11 11
Government estates 10 13 13 13 17
Total coffee 223 281 389 399 440
(Exports) 222 234 286 299 n.a.
Cotton 1 18 18 20 23
Palm kernels
Private estates 22 47 76 76 104
Government estates 72 110 243 280 300
Total palm kernels 94 157 319 356 404
(Exports) 7 6 4 1 n.a.
Palm oil
Private estates 165 285 352 362 496
Government estates 367 599 1,154 1,328 1,446
Total palm oil 532 884 1,506 1,690 1,942
(Exports) 412 231 648 853 n.a.
Pepper 46 34 49 56 59
(Exports) 38 37 30 41 n.a.
Rubber
Smallholders 612 585 795 902 943
Private estates 110 125 135 157 161
Government estates 162 189 200 236 239
Total rubber 884 899 1,130 1,295 1,343
(Exports) 918 861 1,092 1,132 n.a.
Sugarcane
Smallholders 485 1,352 1,654 1,743 1,817
Private estates 71 72 109 111 108
Government estates 960 195 323 347 354
Total sugarcane 1,516 1,619 2,086 2,201 2,279
Tea
Smallholders 17 17 25 26 32
Private estates 15 16 21 26 26
Government estates 59 61 80 84 97
Total tea 91 94 126 136 155
(Exports) 61 76 90 93 n.a.
Tobacco
Smallholders 68 97 110 116 140
Government estates 13 9 3 3 3
Total tobacco 81 106 113 119 143
(Exports) 27 19 19 18 n.a.

---means negligible.
n.a.--not available.

Source: Based on information from Indonesia, Department of Finance, Nota keuangan dan rancangan anggaran pendapatan dan belanja negara: tahun, 1990-91 (Financial Note and Estimated National Budget, Fiscal Year 1990-91), Jakarta, 1990, 328-33.

Table 26. Production of Major Manufactures, Fiscal Years 1978, 1985, and 1989

Commodity Unit of Measure 1978 1985 19891
Fuels
Refined petroleum fuels2 millions of barrels n.a. 131 172
Liquefied natural gas trillions of BTUs3 192 789 1,001
Wood products
Plywood thousands of cubic meters 424 4,715 7,692
Sawn timber -do-2 9,437 10,854
Chemicals
Urea fertilizer thousands of tons 1,437 3,690 4,596
Non-urea fertilizer -do-141 1,533 1,850
Cement -do- 3,629 10,027 15,636
Paper -do- 155 516 1,133
Textiles
Fabric millions of meters 1,576 2,498 4,494
Yarn thousands of bales 837 1,877 3,438
Equipment and vehicles4
Tires, automobile thousands of units 2,540 4,086 7,377
Tires, motorcycle -do- 1,658 2,313 5,490
Automobiles -do- 109 140 177
Motorcycles -do- 331 227 281
Pesticide sprayers -do- 37 229 284
Diesel engines -do- 30 42 47
Airplanes units 16 8 7
Helicopters -do- 16 7 5
Hand tractors -do- 280 973 5,645
Hullers -do- 2,200 2,771 1,272
Metal products
Sponge iron thousands of tons --- 1,086 1,442
Steel ingot -do- 80 1,023 1,736
Other steel products -do- 518 1,350 2,028
Galvanized iron sheet -do- 185 274 156
Aluminum plate -do- 10 27 27
Steel vessels thousands of BRT5 12 18 22
Other
Kretek cigarettes billions of pieces 43,500 84 129
White cigarettes -do- 25,700 24 17
Refined coconut oil thousands of tons 319 396 486
Olein -do- 38 490 847
Soap and detergent -do- 263 306 368
Electric cords -do- 16 58 65
Cassette players thousands of units 2,024 2,236 2,876
Television sets -do- 733 750 797
Refrigerators -do- 90 149 138
Sewing machines -do- 600 171 34
Storage batteries -do- 690 5,688 6,412
Dry-cell batteries millions of units 420 952 1,077
Light bulbs -do- 30 86 138
Toothpaste millions of tubes 109 351 589
Matches millions of boxes 540 2,214 2,837

n.a.--not available.
---means negligible.
1 Preliminary data.
2 Calendar year.
3 BTU--British Thermal Units.
4 Mostly assembly.
5 BRT--Brute Registered Tons.

Source: Based on information from Bank Indonesia, Report for the Financial Year, 89-90, Jakarta, 1990, 124; Bank Indonesia, Report for the Financial Year, 83-84, Jakarta, 1984, 120; and United States, Embassy in Jakarta, The 1991 Petroleum Report: Indonesia, Jakarta, 1991, 127.

Table 27. Production of Major Minerals, Selected Years, 1976-88

(in thousands of tons unless otherwise indicated)
Mineral 1976-78 Average 1986- 88* Average Minimum Production Year Amount Maximum Production Year Amount
Crude oil (in millions of barrels) 591 507 1969 284 1978 589
Natural gas (in millions of standard cubic feet) 615 1,768 1974 206 1988 1,887
Tin ore concentrate 26 28 1969 18 1981 36
Copper concentrate 199 273 1972 10 1988 303
Nickel ore 1,424 1,781 1969 311 1988 1,882
Bauxite 1,078 586 1988 514 1971 1,288
Coal 229 3,645 1974 172 1988 5,196
Iron sands concentrate 246 193 1970 54 1974 349
Silver (in tons) 3 60 1983 2 1988 64
Gold (in kilograms) 274 4,126 1981 173 1988 5,050

*Preliminary data for 1988.

Source: Based on information from Indonesia, Department of Finance, Nota keuangan dan rancangan anggaran pendapatan dan belanja negara: tahun, 1990-91 (Financial Note and Estimated National Budget, Fiscal Year 1990-91), Jakarta, 1990, 397-99, 402-14.

Table 28. New Order Election Results, 1971- 92

Party 1971 1977 1982 1987 1992
Golkar1 62.8 62.1 64.3 73.2 68.0
PPP2 27.13 29.3 27.8 16.0 17.0
PDI4 10.13 8.6 7.9 10.9 15.0
TOTAL5 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0

1 Golongan Karya (literally, Functional groups--see Glossary).
2 Partai Persatuan Pembangunan (United Development Party).
3 Numbers represent the aggregate votes of the parties included in the PPP and PDI since 1973.
4 Partai Demokrasi Indonesia (Indonesian Democratic Party).
5 Figures may not add to total because of rounding.

Source: Based on information from R. William Liddle, "Indonesia in 1987: The New Order at the Height of Its Power," Asian Survey, February 1988, 182; and Suhaini Aznam, "Indonesia: No Surprises, Election Confirms Golkar's Firm Grip on Power," Far Eastern Economic Review [Hong Kong], June 25, 1992, 14-15.

Table 29. Order of Battle for the Armed Forces, 1992

Branch and Units Personnel or Units
Army
Personnel 217,000
Army Strategic Reserve Command (Kostrad) 1
Division headquarters 2
Armored cavalry brigade 1
Battalions 2
Infantry brigades 3
Battalions 10
Airborne brigades 3
Battalions 8
Field artillery regiments 2
Battalions 6
Air defense artillery regiment 1
Battalions 2
Combat engineer battalions 2
Military Regional Commands (Kodams) 10
Infantry battalions 63
Cavalry battalions 8
Airborne infantry battalions 4
Field artillery battalions 8
Air defense artillery battalions 9
Construction engineer regiments 2
Engineer battalions 6
Special Forces Command (Kopassus) 1
Special Forces Groups (1 training) 3
Aviation Command 1
Composite aviation squadron 1
Light helicopter squadron 1
Navy
Personnel
Line and staff 30,000
Naval aviation 1,000
Marines 13,000
Total 44,000
Fleets (Armadas) 2
Main naval bases 6 Military Sea Communications Command 1
Marine Corps
Infantry brigades 2
Battalions6 Combat Support Regiment* 1
Air force
Personnel 27,000
Paracommando battalions (about 4,000 personnel) 4
Operations Commands (Ko-Ops) 2
Tactical fighter squadrons 2
Counterinsurgency squadron 1
Fighter-interceptor squadrons 2
Helicopter squadrons 3
Transport squadrons 5
Marine reconnaissance squadron 1
Training squadrons 4
Air Materiel Command 1
Air Training Command 1
Training squadrons 3
National Air Defense Command 1
National Police
Personnel 180,000
Police Regional Commands (Poldas) 17
Sea and Air Police Unit 1
Mobile Brigade 1
Explosive Ordinance Devices Unit 1
Total Armed Forces Personnel 468,000

*Field artillery and air defense artillery.

Source: Based on information from The Military Balance, 1991- 1992, London, 1991, 164-65.

Table 30. Ethnic and Religious Diversity of Senior Military Officers, 1992*

Island and Ethnic Group Muslim Christian Hindu
Java
Javanese 35 9 0
Sundanese 10 0 0
Madurese 2 0 0
Total Java 47 9 0
Sumatra
Batak 1 2 0
Total Sumatra 1 2 0
Bali
Balinese 0 1 4
Total Bali 0 1 4
Other 15 4 0
TOTAL 63 16 4

*Includes top officials of Department of Defense and Security (minister through director general of the Armed Forces of the Republic of Indonesia--ABRI); army, navy, air force, and national police (chiefs of staffs through principal staff officers); military academy and staff college governors; and all service regional commanders and chiefs of staff.

Source: Based on information from United States Embassy, Jakarta.

Table 31. Major Army Equipment, 1992

Type and Description Country of Origin In Inventory
Armored vehicles
AMX-13 light tanks France 100
PT-76 light tanks Soviet Union 411
Saladin scout cars Britain 56
Ferret scout cars -do- 58
AMX-VCI armored personnel carriers (APCs) France 200
Saracen APCs Britain 56
V-150 APCs scout cars United States 60
BTR-40 APCs Soviet Union 801
BTR-152 APCs -do- 241
Artillery
M-48 76mm towed howitzers Yugoslavia 150
M101 105mm towed howitzers United States 170
FV Mk61 105mm self-propelled howitzers West Germany 50
81mm mortars United States 500
M-67 90mm recoilless rocket launchers -do- 400
M-40 106mm recoilless rifles -do- n.a.
M-43 120mm mortars Yugoslavia n.a.
20mm Oerlikon air defense guns Switzerland 20
40mm Bofors air defense guns Sweden 90
S-60 57mm air defense guns Soviet Union 200
Rapier surface-to-air missile system Britain n.a.
Aircraft
Fixed wing
BN-2 Islander Britain 1
C-47 transports United States 2
NC-212 transports Indonesia2 4
Cessna 185 United States 2
Cessna 207 -do- 2
Cessna 310 -do- 2
Aero Commander 680 -do- 2
Helicopters
Bo-105 Indonesia3 13 Soloy-Bell 47G (trainers) -do- 8
Bell 205 United States 16
NB 412 Indonesia4 28
Hughes 300C (trainers) -do- 20
Maritime ships
LST United States 1
LCU (300-ton cargo) Various 201
LCU (transport) -do- 141

n.a.--not available.
1 Operational status uncertain.
2 On license with Spain.
3 On license with West Germany.
4 On license with the United States.

Source: Based on information from The Military Balance, 1991- 1992, London, 1991, 164-65; and Jane's Infantry Weapons, 1991-92, Ed., Ian V. Hogg, Coulsdon, Surrey, United Kingdom, 1991, 745.

Table 32. Major Naval Equipment, 1992

Type and Description Country of Origin In Inventory
Submarines
Type 209 West Germany 21
Whiskey class Soviet Union 1
Frigates
Ahmad Yani class (Van Speijk), 1 with Wasp helicopter, Harpoon surface-to-surface missile Netherlands 6
Fatahillah class, 1 Wasp helicopter, Exocetsurface-to- surface missile -do- 3
Samadikun class (Claude Jones) United States 4
M.K. Tiyahahu class (Tribal), 1 Wasp helicopter Britain 3
Hajar Dewantara (trainer) Yugoslavia 1
Patrol craft
Siada class (Attack class) Australia 8
Sabola class (Carpentaria class) -do- 6
PGM 39 class United States 22</td>
Submarine chaser (Hui class) -do- 1
Missile attack boats (Dagger class) South Korea 4
Torpedo boats (Lurssen FPB 57 class) West Germany 8
Mine warfare ships
Rengat class Netherlands 2
T-43 class Soviet Union 23
Amphibious ships
Teluk Langsa class LST, 200 troops, 16 tanks, United States 7
Teluk Amboina class LST, 200 troops, 16 tanks -do- 1
Teluk Semangka class LST, 200 troops, 12 tanks South Korea 6
Miscellaneous transport support Various 644
Fixed-wing aircraft
CASA 212 Indonesia 8
Aero Commander United States 4
F-33 Bonanza (trainers) -do- 2
PA-38 (trainers) -do- 6
Helicopters
NAS-332B Indonesia5 3
Wasp Britain 9
Marine Reconnaissance
N-22 Searchmaster B Nomad Australia 12
N-22 Searchmaster L Nomad -do- 6
Marine Corps equipment
PT-76 light tanks Soviet Union 306
AMX-10 armored infantry
fighting vehicles France 40
AMX-10 armored personnel carriers (APCs) -do- 25
BTR-50 APCs6 Soviet Union 32
M-38 122mm towed artillery -do- 40
130mm rocket launchers Yugoslavia n.a.

n.a.--not available.
1 Not operational.
2 Operational status uncertain.
3 Possibly were decommissioned in 1988.
4 Operational status varies.
5 On license with France.
6 Limited operational capability.

Source: Based on information from The Military Balance, 1991- 1992, London, 1991, 164-65; and Jane's Armour and Artillery, 1991-92, Ed, Christopher F. Foss, Coulsdon, Surrey, United Kingdom, 1991, 778.

Table 33.Major Air Force Equipment, 1992

Type and Description Country of Origin In Inventory
Fighters
A-4E Skyhawk United States 28
F-16 Fighting Falcon -do- 12
Interceptors
F-5E Tiger II -do- 10
F-5F Tiger II -do- 4
Counterinsurgency aircraft
OV-10F Bronco -do- 12
Maritime reconnaissance aircraft
737-100 -do- 3
C-130H-MP -do- 2
Hu-16 -do- 4
Transports
C-130 Hercules -do- 19
Boeing 707 -do- 1
C-47 -do- 7
Cessna 401 -do- 5
Cessna 402 -do- 2
F-27 Friendship Netherlands 7
F-28 Friendship -do- 1
CASA NC-212 Indonesia1 10
Skyvan Britain 1
Trainers
AS-202 Switzerland 20
C-47 United States 2
Cessna 172 -do- 2
Cessna 207 -do- 5
Cessna T41D -do- 10
Beech T34C -do- 23
Hawk T-53 Britain 15
Helicopters
UH-34T United States 12
Bell 204-B -do- 2
Bell 206-B -do- 2
Hughes 500 -do- 12
NAS-332 Super Puma Indonesia2 7
NAS-330 Puma -do- 13
NBo-105 Indonesia3 12
SE-316 Alouette III France 3

1 On license with Spain.
2 On license with France.
3 On license with West Germany.

Source: Based on information from The Military Balance, 1991- 1992, London, 1991, 164-65.

 

Indonesia - TABLE OF CONTENTS


Go Up - Top of Page

Make allRefer Reference your HomepageAdd allRefer Reference to your FavoritesGo to Top of PagePrint this PageSend this Page to a Friend


Information Courtesy: The Library of Congress - Country Studies


Content on this web site is provided for informational purposes only. We accept no responsibility for any loss, injury or inconvenience sustained by any person resulting from information published on this site. We encourage you to verify any critical information with the relevant authorities.

 

 

 
 


About Us | Contact Us | Terms of Use | Privacy | Links Directory
Link to allRefer | Add allRefer Search to your site

allRefer
All Rights reserved. Site best viewed in 800 x 600 resolution.