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Israel

Appendix A. Tables

Table 1. Metric Conversion Coofficients and Factors

When you kow Multiply by To find
Millimeters 0.04 inches
Centimeters 0.39 inches
Meters 3.3 feet
Kilometers 0.62 miles
Hectares 2.47 acres
Square kilometers 0.39 square miles
Cubic meters 35.3 cubic feet
Liters 0.26 gallons
Kilograms 2.2 pounds
Metric tons 0.98 long tons
1.1 short tons
2,204 pounds
Degrees Celsius (Centigrade) 1.8 and add 32 degrees Fahrenheit

Table 2. Sources of Jewish Population Growth, 1948-86

(in thousands)
1948-60 1961-71 1972- 82 1983-86
Population at beginning of period 649.6 1,911.2 2,662.0 3,363.8
Natural increase 392.3 412.9 523.3 198.4
Immigration 869.3 337.9 178.5 13.4
Total population growth 1,261.6 750.8 701.8 211.8
Annual percentage increase 9.6 3.0 2.1 1.5
Immigration as percentage 68.9 45.0 25.1 6.3

Source: Based on information from Israel, Central Bureau of Statistics, Statistical Abstract of Israel, 1987, No. 38, Jerusalem, 1987, 31.

Table 3. Students in Education Institutions, Selected Years, 1948-87

1948-49 1969-70 1986-87
Hebrew education
Kindergarten 25,406 107,668 260,500
Primary schools 91,133 375,534 468,545
Schools for handicapped n.a. 18,820 12,071
Total primary education 91,133 394,354 480,616
Intermediate schools n.a. 7,908 109,365
General academic 7,168 63,731 86,813
Continuation 1,048 8,508 8,303
Vocational 2,002 49,556 91,720
Agricultural n.a. 7,641 4,683
Total secondary schools 10,218 129,436 191,519
Teacher colleges 713 4,994 11,006
Other post-secondary education 583 6,900 20,073
Universities 1,635 36,239 67,160
Other institutions n.a. 26,300 40,500
TOTAL 129,688 713,799 1,180,739
Arab education
Kindergarten 1,124 14,211 20,100
Primary schools 9,991 85,094 139,515
School for handicapped n.a. 355 1,262
Total primary education 9,991 85,449 140,777
Intermediate schools n.a. 2,457 23,393
General academic 14 6,198 29,469
Vocational n.a. 1,462 5,696
Agricultural n.a. 390 640
Total secondary schools 14 8,050 35,805
Teacher colleges n.a. 370 451
Other post-secondary education n.a. -- 131
TOTAL 11,129 110,537 220,657

--means negligible.
n.a.--not available.

Source: Based on information from Israel, Central Bureau of Statistics, Statistical Abstract of Israel, 1987, No. 38, Jerusalem, 1987, 582-83.

Table 4. Hospital Beds and Hospitals, 1986

Hospitals Beds
Type
General care 44 11,927
Mental diseases 29 7,672
Chronic diseases 75 7,285
Rehabilitation 2 495
Tuberculosis 0 20
TOTAL 150 27,399
Ownership
Government 29 9,649
Municipality 2 1,329
Kupat Holim (Histadrut Sick Fund) 14 5,006
Hadassah 1 869
Missions 7 636
Other nonprofit 37 3,574
Private hospitals 60 6,336
TOTAL 150 27,399

Source: Based on information from Israel, Central Bureau of Statistics, Statistical Abstract of Israel, 1987, No. 38, Jerusalem, 1987, 653-54.

Table 5. Government Revenues, Fiscal Years (FY) 1983-86

(Value in new Israeli shekels)*
FY 1983 FY 1984 FY 1985 FY 1986
Revenue Value Percentages Value Percentages Value Percentages Value Percentages
Ordinary
Income tax 732.0 16.0 3,581.7 17.7 3,577.9 23.2 7,454.7 25.8
Value added tax 380.7 8.3 1,655.2 8.2 1,650.2 10.7 3,958.5 13.7
Customs 114.2 2.5 532.5 2.6 401.0 2.6 780.1 2.7
Purchase tax 120.1 2.6 519.3 2.6 524.3 3.4 1,126.9 3.9
Excise 13.8 0.3 66.1 0.3 61.7 0.4 144.5 0.5
Employers tax 48.1 1.0 213.0 1.1 215.9 1.4 404.5 1.4
Transfer from development budget 879.1 19.2 3,146.5 15.6 3,130.7 20.3 5,027.6 17.4
All other 393.4 8.6 1,442.2 7.1 1,588.4 10.1 2,802.6 9.7
Total ordinary 2,681.4 58.5 11,156.5 55.2 11,150.1 72.3 21,699.4 75.1
Development budget and debt repayment
Foreign sources 620.0 13.5 2,846.7 14.1 3,516.2 22.8 6,819.0 23.6
Internal loans 870.0 19.0 2,829.3 14.0 2,837.6 18.4 5,027.6 17.9
Transfer to ordinary budget - 879.1 -19.2 - 3,146.5 -15.6 - 3,130.7 -20.3 - 5,027.6 -17.4
All other 1,290.7 28.2 1,742.4 32.3 1,048.8 6.8 375.6 .8
Total development budget and debt repayment 1,901.6 41.5 9,065.5 44.8 4,271.9 27.7 7,194.6 24.9
TOTAL 4,583.0 100.0 20,222.0 100.0 15,422.0 100.0 28,894.0 100.0

*For value of the new Israeli shekel--see Glossary.

Source: Based on information from Israel, Central Bureau of Statistics, Statistical Abstract of Israel, 1987, No. 38, Jerusalem, 1986, 528-34.

Table 6. Government Expenditures, Fiscal Years (FY) 1983-86

(Value in new Israeli shekels)*
FY 1983 FY 1984 FY 1985 FY 1986
Revenue Value Percentage Value Percentage Value Percentage Valu e Percentage
Expenditure
Ordinary
Defense 771.0 16.8 3,589.1 17.7 3,639.5 23.6 7,281.3 25.2
Health 60.0 1.3 208.0 1.0 200.5 1.3 433.4 1.5
Education 208.0 4.5 895.6 4.4 894.5 5.8 1,935.9 6.7
Agriculture 6.9 0.2 29.0 0.1 30.8 0.2 57.8 0.2
Commerce and industry 3.4 0.1 15.2 0.1 15.4 0.1 28.9 0.1
Construction-housing 4.5 0.1 20.6 0.1 15.4 0.1 28.9 0.1
Interest 974.5 21.3 4,511.0 22.3 2,868.5 18.6 5,576.5 19.3
Subsidies 290.4 6.3 908.0 4.5 909.8 5.9 1,184.6 4.1
All other 590.8 13.1 2,630.0 13.1 2,575.7 16.7 5,172.1 27.9
Total ordinary 2,909.5 63.5 12,806.5 63.3 11,150.1 72.3 21,699.4 75.1
Development and debt repayment
Debt repayment 1,443.5 31.5 6,411.0 31.7 3,269.5 21.2 5,518.8 19.3
All other 230.0 5.0 1,004.5 5.0 1,002.4 6.5 1,675.8 5.6
Total development and debt repayment 1,673.5 36.5 7,415.5 36.7 4,271.9 27.7 7,194.6 24.9
TOTAL 4,583.0 100.0 20,222.0 100.0 15,422.0 100.0 28,894.0 100.0

*For value of the new Israeli shekel--see Glossary.

Source: Based on information from Israel, Central Bureau of Statistics, Statistical Abstract of Israel, 1987, No. 38, Jerusalem, 1987, 528-34.

Table 7. United States Government Aid, 1982- 86

(in millions of United States dollars)1
1982 1983 1984 1985 1986
Aid
Grants1 1,259 1,618 2,271 3,885 3,817
Long- and medium-term loan 1,081 1,092 950 0 405
Total gross aid 2,3412 2,7112 3,221 3,885 4,222
Payments
Loan repayments Principal 177 155 174 109 135
Interest 569 750 873 946 946
Total loan repayments 746 905 1,047 1,055 1,081
Total net aid 1,595 1,805 2,174 2,830 3,141

1 Includes military and some economic grants.
2 Figures may not add because of rounding.

Source: Based on information from Bank of Israel, Annual Report, 1986, Jerusalem, May 1987, 126; Annual Report, 1987, Jerusalem, May 1988, 202.

Table 8. Structure of Industry, 1984- 85

1984 1985
Establishments Persons Engaged1 Revenue2 Percentages of Total Revenue Establishments Persons Engaged1 Revenue2 Percentages of Total Revenue
Mining and quarrying 69 5 113.9 3.2 37 4 440.3 2.5
Food, beverages, and tobacco 1,027 45 742.1 20.8 977 443,662.8 20.8
Textiles 394 17 189.2 5.3 363 15 838.3 4.8
Clothing 1,282 30 130.6 3.7 1,160 31 707.9 4.0
Leather and products 281 4 25.7 0.7 285 4 158.5 0.9
Wood and products 1,534 14 102.8 2.9 1,373 14 511.9 2.9
Paper and products 209 6 104.5 2.9 202 7 520.1 3.0
Printing and publishing 971 14 115.2 3.2 987 13 536.9 3.1
Rubber and plastics 524 13 176.1 4.9 526 13 850.4 4.8
Chemicals and oil products 239 18 389.8 10.9 239 19 1,905.3 10.8
Nonmetallic minerals 486 11 148.9 4.2 447 9 659.7 3.8
Basic metals 158 6 101.0 2.8 144 6 467.3 2.7
Metal products 2,334 46 406.3 11.4 2,327 45 1,977.1 11.3
Machinery 299 11 103.7 2.9 274 10 524.1 3.0
Electrical and electronic equipment 497 36 450.6 12.6 460 37 2,261.1 12.9
Transport equipment 88 20 190.2 5.3 91 20 996.2 5.7
Miscellaneous 392 7 72.3 2.0 400 7 443.4 2.5
TOTAL 310,784 303 3,562.7 100.0 10,292 298 17,452.3 100.0

1 In thousands.
2 In millions of new Israeli shekels; for value of the new Israeli shekel--see Glossary. June prices were used to estimate the industry's revenues.
3 As published.

Source: Based on information from Israel, Central Bureau of Statistics, Statistical Abstract of Israel, 1986, No. 37, Jerusalem, 1986, 427-54.

Table 9. Agricultural Production, 1980- 85

(in thousands of tons unless otherwise stated)
1980-81 1981-82 1982- 83 1983-84 1984-85
Citrus fruit 1,416 1,804 1,530 1,547 1,487
Apples and other fruit 227 201 239 181 161
Grapes 84 88 95 92 80
Bananas 66 73 67 68 81
Avocados 8 40 62 52 77
Wheat 215 147 335 130 128
Hay 112 115 120 95 100
Cotton fiber 92 88 93 88 99
Groundnuts 26 26 23 22 23
Vegetables 677 771 779 778 763
Potatoes 218 207 206 198 204
Olives 20 37 37 17 39
Melons and pumpkins 133 118 122 131 132
Cattle (beef) 56 56 58 58 61
Fish 23 24 22 23 25
Poultry 210 229 250 269 244
Eggs (in millions) 1,531 1,740 1,803 2,026 2,049
Milk (in million liters) 682 726 756 797 788

Source: Based on information from Israel, Central Bureau of Statistics, Statistical Abstract of Israel, 1986, No. 37, Jerusalem, 1986, 386-410.

Table 10. Major Trading Partners, Selected Years, 1970-86

(in millions of United States dollars)
Year Belgium/Luxembourg Britain F rance Italy Netherlands United States West Germany World
Exports
1970 40 82 39 15 46 149 67 782
1972 46 113 55 29 65 224 103 1,149
1974 92 157 91 67 136 306 135 1,824
1976 102 180 136 73 160 437 199 2,415
1978 200 282 183 94 222 688 331 3,911
1980 237 466 299 285 246 886 542 5,543
1982 228 404 304 202 199 1,119 355 5,287
1984 231 482 237 212 258 1,645 360 5,809
1986 266 512 313 275 309 2,347 373 7,168
Imports
1970 62 223 61 76 71 323 173 2,079
1972 122 365 95 166 83 373 228 2,472
1974 142 543 154 225 223 754 687 5,440
1976 127 609 151 172 242 888 417 5,669
1978 259 542 264 283 482 1,126 594 7,403
1980 405 673 270 315 190 1,549 791 9,685
1982 367 619 365 442 248 1,542 895 9,025
1984 773 698 322 403 160 1,772 944 9,800
1986 1,265 985 386 560 302 1,789 1,214 10,736

Source: Based on information from International Monetary Fund, Direction of Trade Statistics, 1987.

Table 11. Balance of Payments Indicators, 1982-86

(in millions of United States dollars)
1982 1983 1984 1985 1986
Exports, excluding capital services 8,792 8,901 9,629 10,195 11,188
Civilian imports, excluding capital services 10,896 11,634 11,209 10,575 12,341
Trade balance -2,104 -2,733 -1,580 - 380 -1,153
Current account
Total goods and services, (net) - 4,570 -4,861 -4,816 -3,945 -3,966
Total unilateral transfers 2,616 2,855 3,352 5,043 5,336
Current deficit(-) or surplus - 1,954 -2,006 -1,464 1,098 1,370
Net medium-term and long-term capital movements 1,133 2,349 1,276 -35 303
Basic account deficit(-) or surplus1 -821 343 - 188 1,063 1,673
Additional balance of payments data
Implied private capital imports 883 480 - 588 -1,053 -201
Net foreign debt 15,641 18,270 19,686 19,315 18,998
Foreign reserves, end-of-year2 4,317 3,780 3,255 3,793 4,868

1 Basic account = current account, plus medium-term and long-term capital movements.
2 Held by central monetary authorities.

Source: Based on information from Bank of Israel, Annual Report, 1986, Jerusalem, May 1987, 96-102; and Table VII-17, Annual Report, 1986 (in Hebrew), Jerusalem, May 1987, 202.

Table 12. Major Israel Defense Forces Equipment, Ground Forces, 1988

Type and Description Country of Origin In Inventory
Tanks
Centurion Britain 1,080
M-48A5 United States 560
M-60A1/-A3 -do- 1,300
T-54/-55 Soviet Union 250
T-62 -do- 115
Merkava I/II Israel 550
Armored fighting vehicles
M-113 personnel carrier United States 4,000
M-2/-3 halftrack United States (rebuilt) 4,400
BTR-5OP personnel carrier Soviet Union 1,900
Ramta light armored car Israel 400
Guns and howitzers
M-101 105mm howitzer United States 70
M-46 130mm gun -do- 110
Soltam M-68/-71 and M-839P/-845P 155mm howitzers Israel 300
L-33 155mm howitzer self-propelled France, United States 180
M-50 155mm howitzer self-propelled United States 75
M-109 155mm howitzer self-propelled - do- 530
M-107 175mm gun self-propelled -do- 140
M-110 203mm howitzer self-propelled - do- 36
Multiple rocket launchers
BM-21 122mm Soviet Union n.a.
LAR 160mm light artillery rocket Israel n.a.
MB-24 240mm Soviet Union n.a.
MAR-290 290mm self-propelled medium artillery rocket Israel n.a.
Mortars
120mm, 160mm, some self-propelled various n.a.
Surface-to-surface missiles
MGM-52C Lance United States n.a.
Jericho I Israel n.a.
Zeev -do- n.a.
Antitank weapons
106mm recoilless rifle United States 250
Wire-guided weapons
TOW -do- n.a.
M-47 Dragon -do- n.a.
Milan France n.a.
Sagger Soviet Union n.a.
Mapats (laser TOW) Israel n.a.

n.a.--not available.

Sources: Based on information from International Institute for Strategic Studies, The Military Balance, 1988-1989, London, 1988, 103.

Table 13. Major Israel Defense Forces Equipment, Navy, 1988

Type and Description Origin Commissioned In Inventory
Submarines
IKL/Vickers type 540 Britain 1977 3
Dolphin class West Germany ordered 3
Corvettes
Saar 5, 985 tons United States ordered 3
Fast-attack craft
Saar 4.5 Aliya, 500 tons Israel 1980-82 2
Saar 4 Reshef, 415 tons -do- 1969 8
Saar 3, 250 tons France 1969 6
Saar 2, 250 tons -do- 1968 6
Hydrofoils
Shimrit (Flagstaff 2) United States, Israel 1982-85 3
Coastal patrol craft
Dvora Israel 1977 1
Super Dvora Israel 1977 (5 ordered)
Dabur Israel, n.a.
United States 31
Amphibious
Landing craft (tank) Israel 1966-7 6
Landing craft (personnel) United States 1976 3
Aircraft
Seascan 1124N Israel n.a. 7
Bell 212 helicopter United States n.a. 25
n.a.--not available.

Source: Based on information from Jane's Fighting Ships, 1988- 89, London, 1988, 279-82.

Table 14. Major Israel Defense Forces Equipment, Air Force, 1988

Type and Description Country of Origin In Inventory
Fighter-interceptors
F-15 Eagle United States 50
F-4E Phantom -do- 113
Kfir C2/C7 Israel 95 (75 more stored)
F-16A/B/C/D Fighting Falcon United States 145
Fighter, ground attack
A-4H/N Skyhawk -do- 121
Reconnaissance
RF-4E Phantom -do- 14
Airborne early warning
E-2C Hawkeye -do- 4
Electronic warfare command post
Boeing 707 -do- 6
Transports
Boeing 707 -do- 2
Hercules C-130E/ -do- 21
C-47 -do- 19
Boeing 707 (tankers) -do- 5
KC-130H (tankers) -do- 2
Arava Israel 10
Training
TA-4H/J Skyhawk United States 27
Kfir TC2 Israel 10
F-4E United States 16
CM-170 Magister/Tzugit France, Israel 94
Attack helicopters
Bell AH-1S Cobra United States 40
Hughes 500 MD -do- 40
Transport helicopters
CH-53A/D (heavy) United States 33
Super Frelon SA-321 (medium) France 9
UH-1D (medium) United States 17
Bell 206A, 212 (light) -do- 104
Electronic warfare sea-air rescue
helicopters Bell 206, 212 United States 20

Sources: Based on information from International Institute for Strategic Studies, The Military Balance, 1988-89, London 1988, 104 and Bill Gunston, An Illustrated Guide to the Israeli Air Force, Tel Aviv, 1982, passim.

Table 15. United States Military Aid to Israel, 1979-89

(in millions of United States dollars)
Year Grants Sales Total
1979 1,300 2,700 4,000
1980 500 500 1,000
1981 500 900 1,400
1982 550 850 1,400
1983 750 950 1,700
1984 850 850 1,700
1985 1,400 0 1,400
1986 1,723 1,723 3,446
1987 1,800 0 1,800
1988 1,800 0 1,800
1989 1,800 (proposed) 0 1,800 (proposed)

 

 

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