TRANSPORTATION AND COMMUNICATIONS
Roads: In 1989 more than 7,500 kilometers, of which 5,500
kilometers asphalted; remainder gravel and crushed stone. Two major
roads: north-south Desert Highway from Amman to Al Aqabah; eastwest highway from Al Mafraq to Iraqi border.
Railroads: In 1989 619 kilometers of 1-meter narrow
gauge, single track; newer spur lines to connect old Hijaz Railway
with phosphate mines and port of Al Aqabah.
Port: Al Aqabah on Gulf of Aqaba contains sections for
general cargo, phosphates in bulk, and potash and fertilizers.
Airports: In 1989 nineteen usable airports, of which
fourteen had permanent surface runways. Two major airports: Queen
Alia International Airport, thirty kilometers south of Amman, and
old international airport at Marka, King Abdullah Airport, used
primarily by Royal Jordanian Air Force.
Pipelines: In 1989 total of 209 kilometers, consisting
mainly of segment of Trans-Arabian Pipeline (Tapline) and
connecting link to refinery at Az Zarqa.
Telecommunications: In 1989 government-owned
communications system included telephones, telex, telegraph, fax,
and television. Telephone service being improved, with more than
200,000 telephones in service and 85,000 customers awaiting phones;
one Atlantic Ocean Intelsat station; one Indian Ocean Intelsat
station; one Arabsat station.
Data as of December 1989