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Maldives

 
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Appendix A. Tables

Table 1. Metric Conversion Coofficients and Factors

When you kowMultiply byTo find
Millimeters0.04inches
Centimeters0.39inches
Meters3.3feet
Kilometers0.62miles
Hectares2.47acres
Square kilometers0.39square miles
Cubic meters35.3cubic feet
Liters0.26gallons
Kilograms2.2pounds
Metric tons0.98long tons
1.1short tons
2,204pounds
Degrees Celsius (Centigrade)1.8 and add 32degrees Fahrenheit

Table 2. Madagascar: Balance of Payments, Selected Years, 1984-921

(in millions of United States dollars)
1984198619881990 1992
Merchandise exports, f.o.b.2 337 323 284 319 328
Merchandise imports, f.o.b. - 360 -331 -319 -566 -466
Trade balance -23 -8 -34 - 248 -138
Export of services 58 80 131 209 178
Import of services -306 -365 -443 - 450 -411
Net private transfers -1 21 38 49 88
Net public transfers 78 132 158 188 148
Current account balance -193 -141 -149 - 251 -136
Direct and portfolio investment n.a. n.a. n.a. 22 21
Other capital -23 22 -22 -40 -109
Capital account balance -23 22 -22 - 18 -88
Errors and omissions n.a. n.a. 53 - 9 -52
Changes in reserves (- means increase) -25 -62 -39 3 1

n.a.--not available.
1 Figures may not add to totals because of rounding.
2 f.o.b.--free on board.

Source: Based on information from Economist Intelligence Unit, Country Profile: Madagascar, 1994-95, London, 1994, 28.

Table 3. Madagascar: Production of Major Crops, Selected Years, 1986-92

(in thousands of tons)
Crop 1986 1988 1990 1992
Bananas 225 260 220 220
Cassava 2,421 2,200 2,292 2,320
Cloves 7 12 10 11
Cocoa 2 3 4 3
Coffee 59 66 85 80
Corn 153 156 155 165
Cotton (seed) 50 46 32 26
Peanuts 33 30 30 32
Rice (paddy) 2,230 2,235 2,420 2,200
Sisal 20 20 20 18
Sugar (raw) 102 122 2,000 1,724
Sweet potatoes 467 485 486 487
Tobacco 5 4 4 4
Vanilla (prepared) 1 1.5 9 7

Source: Based on information from Economist Intelligence Unit, Country Profile: Madagascar, 1994-95, London, 1994, 13.

Table 4. Madagascar: Fish Production, 1992, 1993, and 1994

(in tons)
199219931994*
Crabs 960 1,200 1,500
Lobsters 460 570 650
Shrimp 7,890 8,600 10,100
Tuna 9,000 11,000 11,500
Other 57,900 66,000 68,000
Freshwater fishing 25,000 27,000 28,000
Total production101,210114,370119,750

* Forecast.

Source: Based on information from Economist Intelligence Unit, Country Report: Mauritius, Madagascar, Seychelles [London], No. 2, 1994, 26.

Table 5. Madagascar: Industries Within the Export Processing Zones, 1989, 1991, and 1993

198919911993
Persons EmployedCapital Invested* Persons EmployedCapital Invested* Persons EmployedCapital Invested*
Agro-processing 0 0 588 10,248 1,062 17,789
Textiles and clothing 5,464 12,487 6,456 21,041 18,965 66,985
Hides and skins 148 958 200 915 423 4,420
Wood manufacturers 0 0 750 20,726 829 21,315
Electronics 0 0 51 119 237 1,513
Chemicals 0 0 28 427 44 777
Watchmaking 0 0 226 2,739 226 2,739
Other 0 0 332 5,901 1,362 11,550
Promotion of export processing zones (EPZs) 66111,660 66111,660 66111,660
TOTAL 5,612 13,445 8,631 72,116 23,148126,488

* In millions of Malagasy francs (for value of the Malagasy franc-- see Glossary).

Source: Based on information from Economist Intelligence Unit, Country Report: Mauritius, Madagascar, Seychelles [London], No. 2, 1994, 27.

Table 6. Madagascar: Direction of Trade, Selected Years, 1984-921

(in millions of United States dollars)
1984198619881990 1992
Exports
Industrialized countries
France2 107.4 104.2 95.1 111.3 116.8
Germany 38.8 24.3 20.8 25.6 38.6
Japan 36.7 35.0 31.4 20.0 28.7
Russia3 2.7 6.6 7.0 2.3 2.7
United States 67.4 48.2 33.7 107.7 50.9
Other 47.9 59.7 39.2 76.1 73.3
Total industrialized countries 300.9 278.1 227.1 342.8 311.0
Developing countries
Africa 7.2 11.5 23.0 36.7 42.2
Asia 15.2 22.3 12.1 22.3 27.1
Europe 9.8 1.1 8.2 2.7 1.0
Latin America 0.1 0.1 --- 0.6 0.3
Middle East 0.1 --- 3.9 0.1 1.7
Other --- --- 0.1 0.2 0.2
Total developing countries 32.4 34.9 47.2 62.4 72.3
Total exports 333.3 313.0 274.4 404.7 383.5
Imports
Industrialized countries
France 126.9 113.2 124.9 184.4 183.5
Germany 17.5 24.9 30.5 34.8 23.9
Japan 10.2 22.3 23.3 36.5 26.5
Russia 8.3 37.2 32.9 3.1 3.8
United States 42.9 37.9 13.2 13.1 6.7
Other 44.8 34.2 40.6 72.1 68.8
Total industrialized countries 250.6 269.8 265.4 344.1 313.2
Developing countries
Africa 1.8 7.6 7.7 31.2 37.4
Asia 92.3 42.1 44.9 86.2 95.3
Europe 1.6 16.7 19.6 11.4 12.9
Latin America 1.8 2.7 2.7 13.4 13.0
Middle East 132.6 0.3 20.1 30.3 52.0
Other 48.2 0.5 3.7 74.7 90.4
Total developing countries 278.3 69.3 98.7 247.2 301.0
Total imports 528.9 339.6 363.9 590.3 614.1

--- means negligible.
1 Figures may not add to totals because of rounding.
2 West Germany before 1991.
3 Soviet Union before 1992.

Source: Based on information from International Monetary Fund, Direction of Trade Statistics Yearbook, 1986, Washington, 1986, 262-63; and Direction of Trade Statistics Yearbook, 1993, Washington, 1993, 262-63.

Table 7. Madagascar: Foreign Assistance, Selected Years, 1979-91

(in millions of United States dollars)
1979 1982 1985 1988 1991
Bilateral assistance
France 38.4 96.4 47.4 108.5157.0
Germany* 2.1 12.6 16.3 14.3 30.3
Italy 0.2 1.6 2.6 3.7 21.6
Japan 21.0 28.3 11.6 42.8 56.8
Switzerland 5.8 6.8 4.8 25.8 15.3
United States 3.0 15.0 17.0 13.0 71.0
Other 7.8 7.4 5.7 9.5 13.5
Total bilateral assistance 78.3 168.1 105.4 217.6 365.5
Multilateral assistance
African Development Fund --- 2.0 7.2 8.7 17.7
European Economic Community 15.8 21.6 17.8 30.6 17.3
International Development Association 12.6 33.1 58.4 51.0106.0
Other 12.5 23.9 11.7 18.6 50.4
Total multilateral assistance 40.9 80.6 95.1 108.9191.4
Other 13.8 15.0 0.0 2.7 0.0
TOTAL 133.0 263.7 200.5 329.2556.9

--- means negligible.
* West Germany before 1991.

Source: Based on information from Organisation for Economic Co operation and Development, Geographical Distribution of Financial Flows to Developing Countries, Paris, 1991.

Table 8. Security Forces of Indian Ocean Island Countries, 1994

Country Personnel
Madagascar
People's Armed Forces (Forces Armees Populaires (FAP)
Army 20,000
Aeronaval force 1,000
National Gendarmerie 7,500
Civil Police 3,000
Mobile Police Group 1,000
Presidential Guard 1,200
Mauritius
Special Mobile Force (SMF) 1,300
Police 4,000
Special Support Unit 240
National Coast Guard 500
Very Important Persons Security Unit 100
Seychelles
Seychelles People's Defence Forces
Seychelles People's Liberation Army 800
Coast Guard (includes 100-member air wing and 80 marines) 300
People's Militia 1,000
Police 560
Presidential Guard 300
Comoros
Comoran Armed Forces 700- 800
National Police Force 500
Presidential Guard 600*
Maldives
National Security Service 1,800

* Undergoing reorganization.

Source: Based on information from The Military Balance, 1994- 1995, London, 230-32.

Table 9. Major Equipment of Madagascar Armed Forces, 1994

Type and DescriptionCountry of OriginIn Inventory
Light tanks
PT-76Soviet Union12
Reconnaissance
BRDM-2 armored cars-do-35
M-8 armored scout carsUnited States8
M-3A1 armored scout cars-do-20
FV-701 Ferret scout carsBritain10
Armored personnel carriers
M-3A1United States30
Towed artillery
ZIS-3 76mmSoviet Union12
M-101 105mmUnited Statesn.a.
D-30 122mmSoviet Union12
Recoilless guns
M-40A1 106mmUnited Statesn.a.
Mortars
M-37 82mmSoviet Unionn.a.
M-43 120mm-do- 8
Air defense guns
ZPU-4 14.5mm-do- 50
37mm Type 55-do- 20
Fighterground attack aircraft
MiG-21FL Fishbed- do-8
MiG-17F Fresco- do-4
Transport
An-26 Curl-do- 4
Yak-40 Codling- do-2
BN-2 DefenderBritain3
C-212 AviocarSpain2
Helicopters
Mi-8 HipSoviet Union6
Liaison
Cessna 310RUnited States1
Cessna 337-do- 3
PA-23 Aztec-do- 1
Training
Cessna 172-do- 4
Patrol craft, inshore
Malaika PR-48France1
Amphibious
Toky (Batram design)/landing ship, medium-do-1
Landing ship, assaultunknown1
EDIC-type landing craft, tankFrance1

n.a.--not available

Source: Based on information from The Military Balance, 1994- 1995, London, 1994, 230-31.


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