You are here -allRefer - Reference - Country Study & Country Guide - Mexico >

allRefer Reference and Encyclopedia Resource

allRefer    
allRefer
   


-- Country Study & Guide --     

 

Mexico

 
Country Guide
Afghanistan
Albania
Algeria
Angola
Armenia
Austria
Azerbaijan
Bahrain
Bangladesh
Belarus
Belize
Bhutan
Bolivia
Brazil
Bulgaria
Cambodia
Chad
Chile
China
Colombia
Caribbean Islands
Comoros
Cyprus
Czechoslovakia
Dominican Republic
Ecuador
Egypt
El Salvador
Estonia
Ethiopia
Finland
Georgia
Germany
Germany (East)
Ghana
Guyana
Haiti
Honduras
Hungary
India
Indonesia
Iran
Iraq
Israel
Cote d'Ivoire
Japan
Jordan
Kazakhstan
Kuwait
Kyrgyzstan
Latvia
Laos
Lebanon
Libya
Lithuania
Macau
Madagascar
Maldives
Mauritania
Mauritius
Mexico
Moldova
Mongolia
Nepal
Nicaragua
Nigeria
North Korea
Oman
Pakistan
Panama
Paraguay
Peru
Philippines
Poland
Portugal
Qatar
Romania
Russia
Saudi Arabia
Seychelles
Singapore
Somalia
South Africa
South Korea
Soviet Union [USSR]
Spain
Sri Lanka
Sudan
Syria
Tajikistan
Thailand
Turkmenistan
Turkey
Uganda
United Arab Emirates
Uruguay
Uzbekistan
Venezuela
Vietnam
Yugoslavia
Zaire

Appendix
Table 1. Metric Conversion Coefficients and Factors

When you know Multiply by To find
     
Millimeters 0.04 inches
Centimeters 0.39 inches
Meters 3.3 feet
Kilometers 0.62 miles
Hectares 2.47 acres
Square kilometers 0.39 square miles
Cubic meters 35.3 cubic feet
Liters 0.26 gallons
Kilograms 2.2 pounds
Metric tons 0.98 long tons
1.1 short tons
2,204 pounds
Degrees Celsius (Centigrade) 1.8 and add 32 degrees Fahrenheit

Table 2. Total Population and Population Density by State, 1990

State Total Population (in thousands) Inhabitants per Square Kilometer
     
Aguascalientes 720 131.6
Baja California Norte 1,658 23.7
Baja California Sur 317 4.3
Campeche 529 10.4
Chiapas 3,204 43.2
Chihuahua 2,440 10.0
Coahuila 1,971 13.1
Colima 425 81.9
Durango 1,352 11.0
Guanajuato 3,980 130.5
Guerrero 2,622 40.8
Hidalgo 1,881 90.4
Jalisco 5,279 65.3
México 9,816 459.7
Michoacán 3,534 59.0
Morelos 1,195 241.4
Nayarit 816 30.2
Nuevo León 3,086 47.5
Oaxaca 3,922 32.2
Puebla 4,118 121.5
Querétaro 1,044 91.2
Quintana Roo 494 9.8
San Luis Potosí 2,002 31.7
Sinaloa 2,211 37.9
Sonora 1, 822 10.0
Tabasco 1,501 59.4
Tamaulipas 2,244 28.3
Tlaxcala 764 190.2
Veracruz 6,215 86.7
Yucatán 1,364 42.5
Zacatecas 1,278 17.4
Federal District 8,237 5,569.3
MEXICO 82,041 41.6

Source: Based on information from Germany, Statistisches Bundesamt, Länderbericht Mexiko, 1992, Wiesbaden, 1992, 31.

Table 3. Crude Death Rate, Selected Years, 1900-90

Year Crude Death Rate
   
1900-04 34.5
1905-10 33.2
1911-23 n.a.
1930-34 25.6
1940 23.4
1950 16.1
1960 11.5
1970 10.1
1980 7.5
1990 5.2

Source: Based on information from Vicente Sánchez, Margarita Castillejos, and Lenora Rojas Bracho, Población, recursos y medio ambiente en México, Mexico City, 1989, 36; and Mexico, National Institute of Statistics, Geography, and Informatics, Mexico Today, Aguascalientes, 1992, 23.

Table 4. School Enrollment by Education Level, 1970-71, 1980-81, and 1990-91 (in thousands)

Education Level 1970-71 1980-81 1990-91
       
Primary schools 9,248 14,666 14,622
Middle schools and high schools 1,108 4,042 6,034
Vocational high schools 182 492 1,018
Teachers' high schools 53 208 121
Universities and colleges 248 930 1,314

Source: Based on information from Germany, Statistisches Bundesamt, Länderbericht Mexiko, 1992, Wiesbaden, 1992, 44.

Table 5. Vital Demographic Statistics, Selected Years, 1980-92

  1980 1984 1988 1992
         
Life expectancy 66 68 69 70
Males1 63 65 66 67
Females1 69 71 73 74
Births 2,428 2,512 2,622 2,726
Deaths2 434 411 413 421

Source: Based on information from Germany, Statistisches Bundesamt, Länderbericht Mexiko, 1992, Wiesbaden, 1992, 38.

Table 6. Infant Mortality Rate, Selected Years, 1930-90

Year Infant Mortality Rate
   
1930 145.6
1940 125.7
1950 96.2
1960 74.2
1970 68.5
1980 38.8
1990 40.0

Source: Based on information from Octavio Mojarro, Juan García, and José García, "Mortality," in Jorge Martínez Manautou, ed., The Demographic Revolution in Mexico, 1970-1980, Mexico City, 1982, 378; and XI Censo General de Población y Vivienda, 1990, "Mortalidad Infantil en México, 1990. Estimaciones Por Entidad Federativa y Municipio" (http://www.inegi.gob.mx/homepara/estadistica/documentos/censos/censos.htm1#OCHO).

Table 7. Selected Economic Indicators, 1988-95

Economic Indicator 1988 1989 1990 1991 1992 1993 1994 1995
                 
GDP 390.5 507.6 868.4 865.2 1,019 1,123 1,248 1,565
GDP growth 1.3 3.3 4.5 3.6 2.8 0.4 3.5 -7.0
GNP per capita 1,990 2,210 2,580 2,970 3,390 3,610 n.a. n.a.
Inflation2 114.1 20.0 26.7 22.7 15.5 10.0 7.0 34.8
External debt 99.2 95.3 104.3 115.4 113.4 118.0 135.5 157.0
Exchange rate 2.27 2.46 2.81 3.02 3.09 3.11 3.37 6.47

Source: Based on information from Economist Intelligence Unit, Country Report: Mexico [London], No. 3, 1994, 3; and Economist Intelligence Unit, Country Report: Mexico [London], No. 1, 1996, 3.

Table 8. Production of Selected Crops, 1988-90

Crop 1988 1989 1990
       
Beverages      
Cocoa 57 50 36
Coffee 300 343 296
Fruit      
Apples 507 499 310
Avocados 335 320 320
Bananas 1,566 1,185 1,165
Coconuts 1,159 1,057 1,002
Grapefruit 105 100 118
Grapes 563 489 506
Lemons 660 727 463
Mangoes 780 790 800
Melons 826 875 880
Oranges 2,099 1,166 1,558
Papayas 630 640 650
Peaches 265 265 265
Pineapples 248 324 328
Tangerines 151 169 198
Grains      
Barley 350 433 521
Corn 10,600 10,945 14,639
Oats 100 105 105
Rice 456 637 357
Wheat 3,665 4,374 3,880
Legumes      
Beans 857 586 1,247
Chickpeas 150 120 170
Soybeans 226 992 512
Vegetables      
Peppers 654 570 590
Tomatoes 1,980 1,889 1,646

Source: Based on information from Germany, Statistisches Bundesamt, Länderbericht Mexiko, 1992, Wiesbaden, 1992, 81.

Table 9. Selected Statistics for Hydrocarbon Production, 1996

  Petroleum Natural Gas
     
Proven reserves 49,775,000 68,413
Production (per day) 2,686 1,358
Refining (per day) 1,520 3.7

Source: Based on information from Jim West, ed., International Petroleum Encyclopedia, 1996, Tulsa, 1996, 241, 280, 281, 312.

Table 10. Production of Selected Minerals, 1989-91

Mineral Unit 1989 1990 1991
         
Metallic minerals        
Aluminum thousands of tons 123 122 96
Antimony tons 1,906 2,627 2,757
Bismuth tons 883 733 651
Cadmium tons 1,439 1,346 1,253
Copper thousands of tons 249 291 267
Gold tons 6.6 8.2 7.3
Iron ore thousands of tons 5,373 6,194 6,391
Lead thousands of tons 163 1,174 153
Manganese thousands of tons 151 136 79
Silver tons 2,306 2,324 2,217
Steel thousands of tons 7,392 8,220 5,867
Zinc thousands of tons 110 108 66
Nonmetallic minerals        
Barite thousands of tons 326 310 192
Cement millions of tons 24 25 18
Fluorite thousands of tons 780 672 366
Graphite thousands of tons 40 25 28
Phosphate thousands of tons 624 605 416
Sulfur thousands of tons 2,084 2,137 1,791

Source: Based on information from Germany, Statistisches Bundesamt, Länderbericht Mexiko, 1992, Wiesbaden, 1992, 84.

Table 11. Selected Trade Indicators, 1991-95 (in billions of United States dollars)

Trade Indicator 1991 1992 1993 1994 1995
           
Exports 42.7 46.2 51.9 60.9 79.9
Imports1 50.0 62.1 65.4 79.4 72.5
Current account balance -15.0 -24.8 -23.4 -28.8 -0.1

Source: Based on information from Economist Intelligence Unit, Country Report: Mexico [London], No. 1, 1996, 3.

Table 12. Major Trading Partners, 1993 and 1994 (in millions of United States dollars)

Country 1993 1994
     
Exports    
Brazil 291 380
Canada 1,558 1,534
France 446 519
Germany 426 406
Japan 704 997
Spain 877 858
United States 42,838 52,787
Imports    
Brazil 1,201 1,207
Canada 1,175 1,627
France 1,106 1,530
Germany 2,852 3,210
Japan 3,929 4,805
Spain 1,115 1,389
United States 45,317 55,468

Source: Based on information from Economist Intelligence Unit, Country Report: Mexico [London], No. 1, 1996, Appendix 3.

Table 13. Major Army Equipment, 1996

Type and Description Country of Origin Number in Inventory
     
Armored reconnaissance vehicles    
M-8 United States 50
ERC-90 Lynx France 120
VBL M-11 France 40
DN-3/-5 Caballo Mexico 70
MOWAG Germany 30
Mex-1 Mexico 20
Mac-1 n.a. 15
Armored personnel carriers    
HWK-11 Germany 40
M-3 halftrack United States 30
VCR-TT France 40
DN-4 Caballo Mexico 40
AMX-VCI United States 40
BDX n.a. 18
LAV-150 ST Belgium 26
Towed artillery    
M-116 pack, 75mm United States 18
M-2A1/M-3, 105mm United States 16
M-101, 105mm United States 60
M-56, 105mm United States 24
Self-propelled artillery M-8, 75mm United States 5
Mortars    
81mm United States 1,500
Brandt 120mm France 20
Antitank guided weapons    
Milan (eight mounted on VBL M-11) France n.a.
Antitank guns    
M-30, 37mm United States 30
Air defense guns    
M-55, 12.7mm United States 40
Surface-to-air missiles    
RBS-70 Sweden n.a.

Source: Based on information from International Institute for Strategic Studies, The Military Balance, 1996-1997, London, 1996, 226.

Table 14. Major Air Force Equipment, 1996

Type and Description Country of Origin Number in Inventory
     
Fighter aircraft    
F-5 (8 F-5E, 2 F-5F) United States 10
Counterinsurgency    
PC-7 Pilatus Switzerland 40
AT-33 Lockheed Shooting Star United States 12
Reconnaissance    
Rockwell Commander 500C United States 10
SA2-37A France 1
Search-and-air rescue    
1A1-201 Arava Israel 12
Armed helicopters    
Bell 205 (5); 206 (5); 212 (15) United States 25
Utility helicopters    
Bell 205 (4); 206 (12); 212 (15); UH-60 (2); 5-70A (4) United States 37
SA-330 Puma France 3
Transport    
Various, including C-47 (12); C-118 (10); C-130A (9); DC-6 (5); BN-2 (2); C-54 (1); F-27 (2) various 47
     
Note: Presidential transport fleet and training aircraft not included.

Source: Based on information from International Institute for Strategic Studies, The Military Balance, 1996-1997, London, 1996, 227.

Table 15. Major Naval Equipment, 1996

Type and Description Country of Origin Commissioned or Transferred Number in Inventory
       
Destroyers      
Gearing-class, ASROC launcher, 4 127mm (5in) guns United States 1982 2
Fletcher-class, 5 127mm guns, Bofors 400mm air defense guns United States 1970 1
Frigates      
Bronstein-class, ASROC launcher, ASRR, 76mm guns n.a. n.a. 2
Offshore patrol vessels      
Holzinger-class with Bo-105 helicopters Mexico 1991-93 4
Uribe-class (Spanish Halcón) with Bo-105 helicopters Spain 1982-83 6
Guanajuato, 2 102mm guns Spain 1926 1
Auk-class 3in gun, 4 Bofors 40mm air defense guns United States 1973 16
Admirable-class, 3in gun, 2 Bofors 40mm air defense guns United States 1943-44 12
Inshore patrol boats      
Azteca-class, 1 Bofors 40mm air defense gun Britain/Mexico 1974-77; modernized 1987 31
Cape-class United States 1990-91 3
Point-class United States 1991 2
Polimar-class Mexico 1962-68 8
Amphibious      
511-class United States n.a. 2
Naval aircraft      
Bo-105 helicopter Germany n.a. 12
Casa C-212 Aviocar (maritime reconnaissance) Spain n.a. 9
HU-16 helicopter (search-and-air rescue) United States n.a. 6

Source: Based on information from Richard Sharpe, ed., Jane's Fighting Ships, 1993-94, Alexandria, Virginia, 1993, 415-23, and International Institute for Strategic Studies, The Military Balance, 1996-97, London, 1996, 226.


1. These figures differ somewhat from those in the Mexican government's 1990 census.
2. Number per thousand residents.
3. Statistics not available for 1911-23 because of Mexican Revolution.
4. n.a.--not available.
5. Figure for 1989-90 school year.
6. In years.
7. Registered, in thousands.
8. Number per thousand registered live births.
9. GDP--gross domestic product; in billions of current Mexican new pesos (for value of the Mexican new peso--see Glossary).
10. In percentages.
11. GNP--gross national product; in current United States dollars.
12. n.a.--not available.
13. In billions of current United States dollars
14. In Mexican new pesos per United States dollar.
15. In thousands of barrels.
16. In billions of cubic feet.
17. 1995 (estimated).
18. Free on board.
19. Includes transfers of émigré worker remittances and nonmerchandise transfers (services).
20. n.a.--not available.
21. n.a.--not available.

Mexico - TABLE OF CONTENTS


Go Up - Top of Page

Make allRefer Reference your HomepageAdd allRefer Reference to your FavoritesGo to Top of PagePrint this PageSend this Page to a Friend


Information Courtesy: The Library of Congress - Country Studies


Content on this web site is provided for informational purposes only. We accept no responsibility for any loss, injury or inconvenience sustained by any person resulting from information published on this site. We encourage you to verify any critical information with the relevant authorities.

 

 

 
 


About Us | Contact Us | Terms of Use | Privacy | Links Directory
Link to allRefer | Add allRefer Search to your site

allRefer
All Rights reserved. Site best viewed in 800 x 600 resolution.