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Sudan

 
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Appendix A. Tables

Table 1. Metric Conversion Coofficients and Factors

When you kow Multiply by To find
Millimeters 0.04 inches
Centimeters 0.39 inches
Meters 3.3 feet
Kilometers 0.62 miles
Hectares 2.47 acres
Square kilometers 0.39 square miles
Cubic meters 35.3 cubic feet
Liters 0.26 gallons
Kilograms 2.2 pounds
Metric tons 0.98 long tons
1.1 short tons
2,204 pounds
Degrees Celsius (Centigrade) 1.8 and add 32 degrees Fahrenheit

Table 2. Population Distribution and Density by Province, 1983

Province Population Density1
Aali an Nil 1,471,540 6.8
Al Awsat 4,026,668 28.3
Al Istiwai 1,406,181 5.3
Al Khartum 1,802,299 85.5
Ash Shamali 1,067,098 2.2
Ash Sharqi 2,208,199 6.5
Bahr al Ghazal 2,265,510 10.6
Darfur 3,093,660 6.8
Kurdufan 3,074,797 8.1
SUDAN 20,415,9522 8.6

1Inhabitants per square kilometer.
2Adjusted total population in 1983 was 21,593,000.

Source: Based on information from Sudan, Ministry of Finance and Economic Planning, Department of Statistics, 1983 Preliminary Census Results, Khartoum, 1984, passim; and Sudan, Ministry of Finance and Economic Planning, Department of Statistics, Khartoum, unpublished data.

Table 3. Population of Major Towns, Census Years 1973 and 1983

Town 1973 1983
Al Qadarif 66,465 119,002
Al Ubayyid 90,073 139,446
Kassala 99,652 142,909
Khartoum 333,906 476,218
Khartoum North 150,989 341,155
Omdurman n.a. 526,284
Port Sudan 132,632 212,741
Wad Madani 106,715 141,065

n.a.--not available.

Source: Based on information from Sudan, Ministry of Finance and Economic Planning, Department of Statistics, 1983 Preliminary Census Results, Khartoum, 1984, passim.

Table 4. Enrollment, Teachers, and Institutions by Level of Education, 1985-86

Level Enrollment Teachers Institu tions
Preprimary1 235,943 5,569 4,003
Primary2 1,766,738 50,389 7,009
Secondary
General2 542,788 21,970 n.a.
Teacher training1 3,444 479 n.a.
Vocational2 23,150 1,280 n.a.
Total secondary 569,382 23,729 n.a.
Universities and higher institutes1 37,367 2,165 n.a.

n.a.--not available.
11985 figures.
21986 figures.

Source: Based on information from ""Sudan--Statistical Survey,"" The Middle East and North Africa, 1991, London, 1990, 801.

Table 5. Government Budget, 1983-84, 1984- 85, and 1985-861

(in millions of Sudanese pounds)2
Revenues 1983-84 1984-85 1985- 86
Direct taxes 404.5 300.5 351.6
Indirect taxes 839.9 984.6 1,222.6
Other 224.6 200,4 216.2
Total revenues 1,469.0 1,485.5 1,790.4
Expenditures
Ordinary budget
Defense and security 260.6 462.0 473.1
Economic services 74.3 196.0 208.0
Social services 69.9 160.8 182.0
Loan repayments 212.0 118.0 465.4
Provincial governments 270.3 360.5 557.0
Other 755.6 1,214.9 1,492.8
Total ordinary budget 1,642.7 2,512.2 3,378.3
Development budget
Agricultural sector 135.4 139.1 96.3
Industrial sector 119.2 110.1 74.6
Transportation and communications 67.6 52.1 57.9
Services sector 59.4 54.3 32.5
Other 101.4 97.4 107.8
Total development budget 483.0 453.0 369.1
Total expenditures 2,125.7 2,965.2 3,747.4

1Years ending June 30.
2For value of the Sudanese pound--see Glossary.

Source: Based on information from ""Sudan--Statistical Survey,"" The Middle East and North Africa, 1991, London, 1990, 799.

Table 6. Gross Domestic Product by Sector, 1985-86 to 1988-891

(in percentages)
Sector 1985-86 1986-87 1987- 88 1988-89
Agriculture 32.0 34.0 32.0 36.0
Commerce 22.0 15.0 15.0 n.a.
Transportation and communications 10.0 11.0 11.0 n.a.
Manufacturing and mining 10.0 7.0 8.0 8.2
Construction 4.0 5.0 6.0 4.6
Electricity and water n.a. n.a. n.a. 1.8
Government services 10.0 n.a. n.a. 11.5
Other services 12.0 26.0 25.0 37.8
TOTAL2 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0

n.a.--not available; included in other categories.
1Years ending June 30.

2At factor cost. Figures may not add to totals because of rounding.

Table 7. Principal Crops, 1986-88

(in thousands of tons)
Crop 1986 1987 1988
Cassava (manioc)1 80 80 65
Cotton, seed 413 5461 3942
Cottonseed1 271 300 290
Cotton lint1 150 174 130
Dates2 120 125 120
Mangoes2 128 130 128
Millet 285 1531 5501
Peanuts (in shell) 379 434 5271
Sesame seed 216 258 2781
Sorghum (durra) 2,282 1,300 4,6401
Sugarcane 4,500 5,000 4,500
Tomatoes2 155 160 158
Watermelons2 130 127 125
Wheat 199 157 1811
Yams2 116 118 120

1Unofficial estimate.
2Food and Agriculture Organization estimate.

Source: Based on information from ""Sudan--Statistical Survey,"" The Middle East and North Africa, 1991, London, 1990, 798.

Table 8. Principal Exports, 1986-89

(in millions of Sudanese pounds)*
Commodity 1986 1987 1988 1989
Cotton 366.7 455.2 978.4 1,348.8
Sesame 58.8 134.8 269.0 333.3
Gum arabic 141.7 267.1 281.6 313.0
Sorghum (durra) n.a. 248.8 106.7 297.1
Sheep and lambs 66.8 42.9 124.5 192.5
Other 199.2 348.3 530.2 538.4
TOTAL 833.2 1,497.1 2,290.4 3,023.1

n.a.--not available.
*For value of the Sudanese pound--see Glossary.

Table 9. Principal Imports, 1986-89

(in millions of Sudanese pounds)*
Commodity 1986 1987 1988 1989
Manufactured goods 481.4 501.0 1,042.6 1,178.5
Petroleum and petroleum products 292.6 497.9 1,044.6 1,082.2
Machinery and equipment 405.7 484.9 776.1 826.4
Transportation equipment n.a. 368.9 507.8 786.6
Chemicals 342.9 248.1 500.9 399.1
Wheat and flour 120.5 199.6 402.2 412.8
Other 687.2 312.5 497.9 687.8
TOTAL 2,402.2 2,612.9 4,772.1 5,373.4

n.a.--not available.
*For value of the Sudanese pound--see Glossary.

Table 10. Principal Trading Partners, 1987- 89

(in percentages)
Country 1987 1988 1989
Exports
Egypt 17.2 17.2 n.a.
Saudi Arabia n.a. n.a. 16.8
Italy 10.7 10.7 7.4
Soviet Union n.a. 8.0 n.a.
Japan 7.4 7.4 10.9
Thailand 7.0 7.0 8.0
China n.a. n.a. 7.3
Britain n.a. n.a. 6.5
France 4.7 4.7 n.a.
Imports
United States 12.1 6.6 n.a.
Saudi Arabia 10.4 11.8 14.1
Britain 10.0 9.3 8.3
Netherlands 6.5 6.4 5.3
Japan 6.2 n.a. n.a.
Libya n.a. n.a. 6.0
Italy 6.0 5.6 n.a.
West Germany n.a. 5.9 5.8

n.a.--not available.

Table 11. Balance of Payments, 1986- 881

(in millions of United States dollars)
1986 1987 1988
Merchandise exports (f.o.b.)2 326.8 265.0 427.0
Merchandise imports (f.o.b.) - 633.7 -694.8 - 948.5
Trade balance -306.9 -429.7 -521.5
Exports of services 228.8 192.2 171.6
Imports of services -272.8 -323.1 -341.3
Balance on goods and services - 350.9 -560.6 - 691.2
Private unrequited transfers (net) 89.3 133.7 216.3
Government unrequited transfers (net) 244.2 194.6 117.0
Current account balance -17.4 -232.4 -358.0
Long-term capital (net) - 110.4 -235.7 63.1
Short-term capital (net) 15.1 322.4 5.0
Capital account balance -95.3 86.7 68.1
Errors and omissions (net) - 89.4 -185.3 7.5
Valuation changes (net) -83.1 -142.6 44.7
Exceptional financing (net) 248.0 295.4 287.1
Changes in reserves -37.6 -178.3 49.5

1Figures may not add because of rounding.
2f.o.b.--free on board.

Source: Based on information from ""Sudan--Statistical Survey,"" The Middle East and North Africa, 1991, London, 1990, 800.

Table 12. Major Army Equipment, 1991

Type and Description Country of Origin In Inventory
Main battle tanks
T-54/55 Soviet Union 200
Type 59 China 10
M-60A3 United States 20
Light tanks
Type 62 China 70
Armored reconnaissance vehicles
AML-90 France 6
Saladin Britain 15
Ferret -do- 50
BRDM 1/2 Soviet Union 30
Armored personnel carriers
BTR-50/152 -do- 40
OT-62/64 Czechoslovakia 30
M-113 United States 36
V-100/150 Commando -do- 80
Walid Egypt 100
Artillery
M-101, 105mm United States 18
Model 56, 105mm -do- 6
D-74, 122mm -do- 4
M-1938, 122mm -do- 24
Type 54/D-30, 122mm Soviet Union/China 42
M-46/Type 59-1, 130mm -do- 27
D-20, 152mm Soviet Union 4
M-114A1, 155mm United States 12
AMX Mk F-3, 155mm, self-propelled France 6
Multiple rocket launchers
BM-21, 122mm Soviet Union 4
Antitank weapons
Swingfire guided-wire missiles Egypt 4
M-1942 76mm guns Soviet Union 18
M-1944 100mm guns -do- 20
B-10 82mm recoilless rifles -do- 30
M-40A1 106mm recoilless rifles United States 100
Mortars
M-43, 120mm Soviet Union 12
AM-49, 120mm -do- 24

Source: Based on information from The Military Balance, 1991- 1992, London, 1991, 119.

Table 13. Major Air Force Equipment, 1991

Type and Description Country of Origin In Inventory
Fighter ground attack aircraft/F-5E/F United States 9
J-5 China 10
J-6 -do- 9
Fighter aircraft
MiG-211 Soviet Union 8
MiG-232 -do- 3
J-6 China 6
Counterinsurgency aircraft
BAC-167 Mk Strikemaster1 Britain 3
BAC Jet Provost Mk 55 -do- 3
Transport aircraft
C-130H Hercules United States 5
An-24 -do- 53
DHC-5D Buffalo Canada 2
C-212 Aviocar Brazil 4
EMB-110P -do- 6
F-27 Friendship Netherlands 1
Falcon 20/50 executive jet France 2
Maritime reconnaissance aircraft
Casa C-212 Aviocar Brazil 2
Helicopters
AB-212 Italy 11
IAR/SA-330 Puma France/Romania 15
Mi-4 Soviet Union 4
Mi-8 -do- 14
Mi-24 (armed) -do- 2
Training aircraft
MiG-15U -do- 4
MiG-21U -do- 4
JJ-5 China 2
JJ-6 -do- 2

1Nonoperational.
2One operational.
3Stored.

Source: Based on information from The Military Balance, 1991- 1992, London, 1991, 119; and Forecast International/DMS Market Intelligence Report, Middle East and Africa, Greenwich, Connecticut, 1990.

Table 14. Major Air Defense Equipment, 1991

Type and Description Country of Origin In Inventory
Antiaircraft guns
M-167 Vulcan, 20mm United States n.a.
M-163 Vulcan, 20mm, self-propelled - do- n.a.
ZU-23-2, 37mm Egypt n.a.
M-1939/Type 63, 37mm China 120
L-60 Bofors, 40mm Sweden 60
KS-12, 85mm Soviet Union n.a.
KS-19, 100mm -do- n.a.
Surface-to-air missiles
SA-2 high altitude, radar-guided -do- 18 launchers
SA-7 man-portable, short-range -do- n.a.
Redeye United States n.a.

n.a.--not available.

Source: Based on information from The Military Balance, 1991- 1992, London, 1991, 119.

Table 15. Major Naval Equipment, 1991

Type and Description Country of Origin In Inventory
Patrol craft
Coastal, 70 tons (from Iran), each with one Oerlikon 20mm gun West Germany 2
Sewart, 10 tons (from Iran), each with one 12.7mm machine gun United States 4
Inshore (river operations) type 15, 19.5 tons, each with one Oerlikon 20mm gun and two 7.62mm machine guns Yugoslavia 4
Amphibious craft
Sobat (DTM-221) LCU, 410 tons -do- 2

Source: Based on information from Jane's Fighting Ships, 1991- 92, Coulsdon, Surrey, United Kingdom, 1991, 512-13.

 

Sudan - TABLE OF CONTENTS


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