TRANSPORTATION AND TELECOMMUNICATIONS
Railroads: 4,060 kilometers total; 2,616 kilometers
standard gauge (1.435 meters); 1,188 kilometers 1.055-meter gauge;
256 kilometers 1.000-meter gauge; 300 kilometers electrified;
215 kilometers double track. System carries passengers but used
mainly for freight.
Ports: Nine major ports at Algiers, Oran, Annaba,
Mostaganem, Arzew, Bejaļa, Skikda, and Jijel. Three largest ports
handled 71 percent of traffic in 1991.
Roads: More than 90,000 kilometers total; 58,868
kilometers paved; 31,163 kilometers gravel, crushed stone, or
unimproved earth. Network unevenly distributed, more developed
in northern coastal region; south served by limited number of
national roads, mainly trans-Saharan highway.
Airports: International airports at Algiers,
Oran, Annaba, and Constantine; more than 100 secondary and minor
airfields, fifty-three with permanent surface runways.
Telecommunications: High-capacity radio-relay
and coaxial cable trunk routes linking all major population areas
along northern coast. Sahara linked by satellite ground stations
to major population centers. Extensive international service based
on satellite and submarine coaxial cable transmissions. Some international
broadcasts received but domestic broadcast facilities sparse;
only larger populated places receive television and radio.
Data as of December 1993