Most of the country's many rivers originate in central
but their patterns of flow are diverse and their ultimate
varied. A number of rivers flow in a more or less westerly
to the Atlantic Ocean, providing water for irrigation in
coastal strip and the potential for hydroelectric power,
of which had been realized by 1988. Two of Angola's most
rivers, the Cuanza and the Cunene, take a more indirect
the Atlantic, the Cuanza flowing north and the Cunene
before turning west. The Cuanza is the only river wholly
Angola that is navigable--for nearly 200 kilometers from
-by boats of commercially or militarily significant size.
River, whose mouth and western end form a small portion of
northern border with Zaire, is also navigable.
North of the Lunda Divide a number of important
the Congo River flow north to join it, draining Angola's
quadrant. South of the divide some rivers flow into the
River and thence to the Indian Ocean, others to the
(as the Cubango River is called along the border with
in Botswana) and thence to the Okavango Swamp in Botswana.
tributaries of the Cubango River and several of the
flowing to the Atlantic are seasonal, completely dry much
Data as of February 1989