Population: 10,404,862 (July 1994 estimate) with
average annual growth rate of 0.32 percent.
Ethnic Groups: According to 1989 census, 77.8
Belorussian, 13.2 percent Russian, 4.1 percent Polish, 2.9
percent Ukrainian, and remainder Lithuanian, Latvian,
Languages: Belarusian official language; Russian
language of interethnic communication; languages of
Religion: About 60 percent Orthodox (early
Other denominations include Roman Catholic, Apostolic
Baptist, Muslim, New Apostolic, Old Believer, Pentecostal,
Seventh-Day Adventist, and Uniate.
Education and Literacy: Compulsory attendance
years; literacy 100 percent (1992).
Health: Health care provided by state, mostly
charge. System overwhelmed by victims of the Chornobyl'
Infant mortality rate 18.9 per 1,000 live births (1994).
expectancy (1994) 66.2 years for males and 75.8 years for
females. Modern medical equipment and facilities in short
In 1994 about 127 hospital beds and forty-two doctors per
Data as of June 1995