Entering the Outside World, 1972-86
When civil war broke out in Pakistan in 1971, Bhutan
the first nations to recognize the new government of
and formal diplomatic relations were established in 1973.
in 1975 may have served as a major impetus to Bhutan to
reform and modernization. In that year, neighboring
monarchy, which had endured for more than 300 years, was
following a plebiscite in which the Nepalese majority
Sikkimese minority. Sikkim, long a protectorate of India,
India's twenty-second state.
To further ensure its independence and international
Bhutan gradually established diplomatic relations with
nations and joined greater numbers of regional and
organizations. Many of the countries with which Bhutan
relations provided development aid
(see Foreign Economic Relations
, this ch.). Moderization life brought new problems to
Bhutan in the
(see Political Developments
, this ch.).
Data as of September 1991