Bhutan was traditionally self-sufficient in food
Most of Bhutan's citizens and a significant amount of its
devoted to the agricultural sector in the late 1980s.
percent of the population was involved in agriculture, and
projected 30.5 percent of GDP was expected to be produced
farming, animal husbandry, and fishing in 1991. Most
was carried out with traditional methods and at the
level. Faced with constraints of a shortage of cultivable
pasture land, lack of technical knowledge, logistical
and a shortage of skilled labor and managerial expertise,
agricultural development was difficult. Grain production
met demand, and imports were rising in the late 1980s.
feed contributed to low livestock productivity. Cash
crops, such as
oranges, apples, and cardamom, were significant, but they
too little income to influence the overall economy.
interest in agriculture was ensured during the First
Plan (1961-66), with the establishment of agriculture and
husbandry departments to oversee model farms, research,
and herd improvement, a trend which continued through
Data as of September 1991