Location and Size: Landlocked between China and
total land area 46,500 square kilometers.
Topography: Rugged, mountainous, snowcapped or
glaciercovered terrain in north, part of Himalayas; high
center, southern spurs of Himalayas; foothills and
plains in south. Highest point Kulha Gangri (7,554
Numerous, rapidly flowing rivers largely unnavigable, but
water for irrigation and hydroelectric-power generation.
Climate: Varies with altitude. Year-round snow
heavy monsoon rains in west, drier but temperate central
eastern areas, humid and subtropical in south.
Data as of September 1991