Size: Area about 9.6 million square kilometers; east to
west distance about 5,000 kilometers, from the Heilong Jiang (Amur
River) to Pamir Mountains in Central Asia; north to south distance
approximately 4,050 kilometers, from Heilongjiang Province to
Hainan Island in south, and another 1,450 kilometers further south
to Zengmu Shoal, territorial claim off north coast of Malaysia.
Topography:Main topographic features include Qing-Zang
(Qinghai-Tibet) Plateau 4,000 meters above sea level and Kunlun,
Qin Ling, and Greater Hinggan ranges. Longest of country's numerous
rivers, Chang Jiang (Yangtze River) and Huang He (Yellow River),
extend for some 6,300 and 5,400 kilometers, respectively.
Climate: Most of country in temperate belt. Complex
climatic patterns ranging from cold-temperate north to tropical
south. Precipitation varies regionally; temperatures range from
minus 30°C in north in January to 28°C in south in July.
Alternating wet monsoon in summer, dry monsoon in winter.
Data as of July 1987