Transportation and Communications
The relative isolation of the Comoro Islands had made
traffic a major means of transportation. One of President
Abdallah's accomplishments was to make Comoros more
air. During his administration, he negotiated agreements
initiate or enhance commercial air links with Tanzania and
Madagascar. The Djohar regime reached an agreement in 1990
link Moroni and Brussels by air. By the early 1990s,
flights connected Comoros with France, Mauritius, Kenya,
Africa, Tanzania, and Madagascar. The national airline was
Comores. Daily flights linked the three main islands, and
service was also available to Mahoré; each island had
In 1986 the republic received a grant from the French
government's CCCE to renovate and expand Hahaya airport,
Moroni. Because of the absence of regularly scheduled sea
transport between the islands, nearly all interisland
traffic is by air.
More than 99 percent of freight is transported by sea.
Moroni on Njazidja and Mutsamudu on Nzwani have artificial
harbors. There is also a harbor at Fomboni, on Mwali.
extensive internationally financed programs to upgrade the
harbors at Moroni and Mutsamudu, by the early 1990s only
Mutsamudu was operational as a deepwater facility. Its
could accommodate vessels of up to eleven meters' draught.
Moroni, ocean-going vessels typically lie offshore and are
or unloaded by smaller craft, a costly and sometimes
procedure. Most freight continues to be sent to Kenya,
or Madagascar for transshipment to Comoros. Use of Comoran
is further restricted by the threat of cyclones from
through March. The privately operated Comoran Navigation
(Société Comorienne de Navigation) is based in Moroni, and
provides services to Madagascar. )
Roads serve the coastal areas, rather than the
the mountainous terrain makes surface travel difficult. In
the total length of roads in Comoros was about 750
including both paved and dirt roads.
In large part thanks to international aid programs,
has international telecommunications service. Telephone
however, is largely limited to the islands' few towns.
telephones were in use in 1991.
Data as of August 1994