Size: Third largest island in Mediterranean,
and Sardinia. 9,251 square kilometers, of which 1,733
kilometers forested. Length, 225 kilometers; maximum
kilometers. Situated in eastern Mediterranean, about 386
north of Egypt, 97 kilometers west of Syria, and 64
south of Turkey.
Topography: Principal topographic features
Mountains: dry limestone hills including Kyrenia Range; a
inland plain--the Mesaoria; and narrow coastlands. Highest
Troodos Mountains, Mount Olympus, rises to 1,952 meters.
rivers starting in the Troodos flow rapidly in all
large salt lakes; many springs along the sides of Troodos
and Kyrenia Range.
Climate: Mediterranean, with cycle of hot, dry
from June to September, rainy winters from November to
brief spring and fall seasons between. Substantial
both daily and seasonally, in temperatures of coastal and
Data as of January 1991