Moravia is a topographic borderland situated between Bohemia
and Slovakia. Its southwest-to-northeast ridge lines and lower
elevations made it useful as a route for communications and
commerce from Vienna to the north and northeast during the period
of Austrian domination of Central Europe.
The central and southern Moravian lowlands are part of the
Danube Basin and are similar to the lowlands they adjoin in
southern Slovakia. The upland areas are smaller and more broken
than those of Bohemia and Slovakia. The northwest hills are soft
sandstone and are cut by deep gorges. South of them, but north of
Brno, is a karst limestone area with underground streams and
caves. These and the other uplands west of the Morava River are
associated with the Hercynian Massif. The land to the east of the
Morava is called Carpathian Moravia.
Data as of August 1987