TRANSPORTATION AND COMMUNICATIONS
Railroads: In 1985 total of 13,141 kilometers, of which
12,883 kilometers standard gauge, 102 kilometers broad gauge, and
156 kilometers narrow gauge; 2,866 kilometers double tracked and
3,221 kilometers electrified. Track and beds suffered from
Roads: In 1983 total of 74,064 kilometers, of which
60,765 kilometers paved and 13,299 kilometers graveled. Roads
Inland Waterways: About 475 kilometers in 1985.
Pipelines: In 1987 about 1,448 kilometers for crude
oil, 1,500 kilometers for refined products, and 8,000 kilometers
for natural gas. Network linked domestic oil and gas fields to
refineries. Pipelines also linked to large international lines
bringing Soviet crude oil and gas to border.
Freight: In 1985 about 81 percent of long-distance
freight carried by rail. Truck transport accounted for 13
percent, inland waterways for 5 percent, and civil aviation less
than 1 percent of freight traffic.
Ports: No seaports; used Gdynia, Gdansk, and Szczecin
in Poland; Rijeka and Koper in Yugoslavia; Hamburg in Federal
Republic of Germany; and Rostock in German Democratic Republic.
Czechoslovakia had own fleet and chartered vessels for
international cargo. Main river ports Prague, Bratislava, Decin,
Telecommunications: Adequate, modern, automatic system
with direct dial connections with many parts of country and most
European countries. In 1985 about 23.2 per 100 inhabitants. In
January 1987 fifty-four AM, and fourteen FM radio stations,
forty-five televisions stations and eleven Soviet television
Data as of August 1987