TRANSPORTATION AND COMMUNICATIONS
Roads: Approximately 28,000 kilometers of roads in 1989,
of which 3,600 paved, 17,400 gravel and improved earth, and 7,000
dirt roads. Pan American Highway most heavily traveled route. Few
all-weather highways located in Oriente.
Railroads: Totalled 965 kilometers in 1989. Service on
principal line between Quito and Guayaquil only partially restored
following floods in early 1980s.
Airports: One hundred seventy-nine airports, of which
forty-three had permanent surface runways. Quito and Guayaquil only
international airports and handled largest volume of air traffic.
Ports: Country's five ports carried 95 percent of all
imports and exports in late 1980s. Sixty percent of this trade
passed through two Guayaquil ports. The national merchant marine
consisted of 130 vessels.
Data as of 1989