Size: Approximately 21,041 square kilometers.
Topography: Two parallel mountain ranges running east
to west divide country into two regions: mountains and central
plateau, and coastal plains (Pacific lowlands). Southern mountain
range made up of more than twenty volcanoes. Eruptions rare, but
earthquakes frequent because of location at conjunction of three
geologic plates. Rio Lempa only navigable river. Numerous
volcanic lakes in interior highlands.
Climate: Tropical climate with pronounced wet and dry
seasons; rainy season (winter) from May to October, dry season
(summer) from November through April. Temperatures vary with
elevation and show little seasonal change. Pacific lowlands
uniformly hot; central plateau and mountain areas more moderate.
Data as of November 1988