Population: About 4.9 million at end of 1985,
14.5 inhabitants per square kilometer. Population growth
percent per year during 1980-84 period. About 60 percent
population lived in urban municipalities in 1980s.
Language: Two official languages; Finnish spoken
percent of population; Swedish spoken by 6 percent, most
live in southwestern and western coastal areas and Aland
Religion: Two official state churches; Lutheran
of Finland with 88.9 percent of population as members;
Church of Finland with 1.1 percent. Constitutionally
freedom of religion permits existence of several dozen
religions. About 7 percent of Finns belong to no religion.
Education: A little more than 900,000 Finns
schools and institutions of higher education in 1985.
this number, aged seven to sixteen, enrolled in obligatory
comprehensive school system. Around 100,000 each studied
academic high schools and country's twenty
facilities, while remainder were at multitude of
that provided career training of varying levels and
Health and Welfare: Legislation guarantees all
high-quality health care regardless of income. Health
resemble those of other countries of Northern Europe, with
cardiovascular diseases and cancer chief causes of death.
In mid1980s , Finland had world's lowest infant mortality rate.
and social security legislation provide family and
allowances and disability and retirement benefits.
Data as of December 1988