Institutions of Higher Education
The principal institution of higher education was the
University of Guyana; there were also several specialized schools
and an elaborate adult education program. Established as an
independent institution in 1963, the University of Guyana occupied
its campus near Georgetown in 1969. The university had faculties of
natural science, social science, arts, technology, and education.
In addition to these areas, the university offered bachelor's
degrees in public administration, social work, pharmacy, and
education. The university also provided an undergraduate degree for
law students. The first master's-level graduate program, in
Guyanese history, was started in 1973. Master's degrees have also
been awarded in biology, chemistry, economics, education, and
political science. There were 2,004 university students in July
Training of primary and secondary school teachers was provided
by three institutions: the Cyril Potter College of Education, the
Lilian Dewar College of Education, and the University of Guyana.
These institutions provided preservice training, postgraduate
diploma courses, and a one-year course for trained teachers,
culminating in presentation of a Certificate in Education. Primary
teachers underwent a two-year program of study and secondary
teachers a three-year program. The University of Guyana had diploma
programs in education that provided certification in vocational
training, music, art, physical education, and evaluation.
Additional training was provided by the Institute of Education, and
in-service training was common.
Among Guyana's vocational institutes were the Government
Technical Institute, where mechanics, machine tooling, plumbing,
electronic repair, construction, and business were taught; the
Industrial Training Centre, run by the Ministry of Labour; the
Carnegie School of Home Economics; and the Burrowes School of Art.
Agricultural sciences and management were taught at the Guyana
School of Agriculture under the direction of the Ministry of
Agriculture and by the Burnham Agricultural Institute.
The government created the Kuru Kuru Cooperative College in
1973 and the Cuffy Ideological Institute in 1977 to advance its
ideological objective of promoting socialism. The Workers'
Education Unit was also formed to provide ideological programs at
Adult education was provided by the Extramural Department of
the University of Guyana, the Extramural Department of the Kuru
Kuru Cooperative College, and the Adult Education Association.
Data as of January 1992