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Honduras

 
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Honduras

Telecommunications

The telecommunications system in Honduras is poorly maintained, largely outmoded, and inadequate to meet the needs of the population. The entire country had only 35,100 telephones, or fewer than seven telephones per 1,000 inhabitants in 1993. Service is limited primarily to government offices, businesses, and a few wealthy households. Half the telephones are in the capital, a fourth are in San Pedro Sula, and the remainder are scattered throughout the country in large towns. Many small towns and rural areas remain without telephone service of any kind. Outside of the capital, low-capacity, radio-relay systems or unreliable open-wire lines connect the national network with switching centers in towns.

International service is of higher quality than are domestic telephone links. In the 1960s, the Central American Microwave System (CAMS) was built between Mexico and Panama. The CAMS passed through Tegucigalpa and provided 960 channels of simultaneous telephone or telex links to the outside world. In the 1980s, a satellite ground station named Lempira was inaugurated near Tegucigalpa. Operating with the International Telecommunication Satellite Corporation's (Intelsat's) Atlantic Ocean satellite, the ground station allowed for more than 100 additional, simultaneous international telephone calls, as well as for live television broadcasts. Increased demand for additional telephone and data links required the installation of another satellite ground station in the 1990s.

Radiobroadcast is the primary mode of disseminating information to Hondurans. All parts of the country are in range of at least one amplitude modulation (AM) radio station, either mediumwave or shortwave in remote areas. In 1993 Honduras had a total of 176 AM stations, twenty-eight frequency modulation (FM) stations (mostly in larger cities), and seven shortwave stations. Four of the shortwave stations are intended for domestic reception in remote areas. The three other shortwave stations, which have more powerful transmitters, are owned by evangelical Christian groups and broadcast to an audience throughout the Western Hemisphere. Television in 1993 was limited to eleven stations in larger cities and seventeen low-power transmitters in smaller towns.

Data as of December 1993

Honduras - TABLE OF CONTENTS

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