In the late 1980s, the MHSz gave lessons and courses
to defense and civil defense, and it aided in the
training of young people and in the military training for
reservists. The MHSz resembled the Soviet Voluntary
Cooperation with the Army, Air Force, and Navy
Obshchestvo Sodeistviia Armii, Aviatsii, i Flotu--DOSAAF).
In small villages, men were required to take part in
training, using air guns, at least once a year. All adults
also obliged to participate in civil defense drills, using
In the cities, workers in large organizations formed
defense chains," a system of notifying co-workers to meet
prearranged place during a civil emergency. Every year
workplace held at least one civil defense drill.
Data as of September 1989