Size: Approximately 92,103 square kilometers.
Topography: Lies in the central Danube Basin.
foothills in the west; hilly region north of Budapest;
of the country to the east and south has a variety of
Highest point: Mount Kekes, 1,008 meters.
Climate: Continental and mild.
Population: Approximately 10.6 million in 1989;
annual growth rate, negative 0.2 percent.
Ethnic Groups: Magyars more than 95 percent of
population. Minorities include Gypsies, Germans, Jews,
Serbs, Slovenes, Croats, Romanians, and Greeks.
Language: Modern Hungarian spoken by all.
dialects used at home. Minorities bilingual.
Religion: Religious freedom guaranteed by
About 67.5 percent Roman Catholic, 20 percent Reformed
(Calvinist), 5 percent Lutheran, and 5 percent
Small numbers of other Protestant sects, Uniates,
Education: Free, compulsory education from ages
sixteen. About of half students get vocational and
training. About 10 percent of population aged eighteen to
twentytwo enrolled in regular daytime courses in higher
Welfare: Social insurance program includes free
care, unemployment compensation, and retirement benefits.
care good, with decline in infant mortality and incidence
communicable diseases. High proportion of elderly;
relative to wages.
Data as of September 1989