TRANSPORTATION AND COMMUNICATIONS
Roads: In 1984 a total of 136,381 kilometers
of roads, of which 41 percent paved; of paved roads 16,551 kilometers
of main roads and 34,838 kilometers of secondary roads.
Railroads: About 4,700 kilometers of railroads
in 1987, including newly electrified track in north between Tabriz
and Jolfa for Soviet imports; also rail connection with Turkey.
Pipelines: About 5,900 kilometers for crude
oil; 3,900 kilometers for refined products; 3,300 kilometers for
natural gas in 1987; some possibly inoperable as result of war
Airports: In 1987 three international airports:
Tehran, Abadan, and Esfahan. Other airports being expanded and
construction for new ones planned.
Communications: In 1986 about 1.5 million telephones;
3,000 out of 70,000 rural communities had telephones in 1987 compared
with 300 in 1979. Further telephone expansion planned. Additional
microwave links opened between Tehran, Ankara, and Karachi in
Data as of December 1987