The Flourishing of Buddhism
In the time of disunity and violence, deepening
increased the appeal of the search for salvation. Kamakura
age of the great popularization of Buddhism. Two new
(Pure Land) and Zen (Meditation), dominated the period.
Heian sects had been quite esoteric and appealed more to
intellectuals than to the masses. The Mount Hiei
become politically powerful but appealed primarily to
of systematic study of the sect's teachings. This
rise to the Jodo sect, based on unconditional faith and
and prayer to Amida Buddha. Zen rejected all temporal and
scriptural authority, stressing moral character rather
intellectual attainments, an emphasis that appealed to the
class. Growing numbers of the military class turned to Zen
regarded as embodiments of truth.
Data as of January 1994