Population and Society
Total population was estimated in 1994 at 17,268,000, making
Kazakstan the fourth most populous former Soviet republic. As
of 1990, 57 percent of the country's residents lived in cities.
Because much of the land is too dry to be more than marginally
habitable, overall population density is a very low 6.2 persons
per square kilometer. Large portions of the republic, especially
in the south and west, have a population density of less than
one person per square kilometer. In 1989 some 1.4 million Kazaks
lived outside Kazakstan, nearly all in the Russian and Uzbek republics.
At that time, an estimated 1 million Kazaks lived in China, and
a sizeable but uncounted Kazak population resided in Mongolia.
Data as of March 1996