The population of Kyrgyzstan is divided among three main groups:
the indigenous Kyrgyz, the Russians who remained after the end
of the Soviet Union, and a large and concentrated Uzbek population.
Topography divides the population into two main segments, the
north and the south. Each has differing cultural and economic
patterns and different predominant ethnic groups.
The censuses of 1979 and 1989 indicated annual population growth
of a little over 2 percent, with a birth rate of 30.4 per 1,000
in 1989. The estimated birth rate in 1994 was twenty-six per 1,000,
the death rate seven per 1,000, with a rate of natural increase
of 1.9 percent (see table 2, Appendix). In 1993 average life expectancy
was estimated at sixty-two years for males, seventy years for
females--the second lowest rate among the former Soviet republics.
In 1993 the infant mortality rate was estimated at 47.8 deaths
per 1,000 live births. Early marriage and large family size have
combined to make Kyrgyzstan's population a relatively young one.
In 1989, some 39.5 percent of the population was below working
age, and only 10.1 percent was of pension age. The 1989 census
indicated that only about 38 percent of the country's population
was urbanized (see table 3, Appendix).
Data as of March 1996