Formal Name: Republic of Madagascar.
Short Name: Madagascar.
Term for Citizens: Malagasy.
Date of Independence: June 26, 1960.
Size: 587,040 square kilometers.
Topography: East coast has lowlands leading to
bluffs and central highlands; Tsaratanana Massif in north
volcanic mountains; west coast with many protected harbors
broad plains; and southwest with plateau and desert
Climate: Two seasons: hot, rainy from November
April; cooler, dry season from May to October;
winds dominate; occasional cyclones.
Data as of August 1994