Life expectancy at birth in Maldives in 1994 was 63.2
for males, 66.1 for females, and 64.7 overall. The death
estimated at seven per 1,000 in 1994. Infant mortality was
estimated at 53.8 per 1,000 live births in 1994, a
decrease from the rate of 120 per 1,000 in the 1970s.
is an important factor affecting health. In the 1980s, the
average intake of calories was estimated at 1,781.
Waterborne and tropical communicable diseases are
as the result of an inadequate drinking water supply. In
the freshwater table is shallow and easily contaminated by
organic and human waste. To combat these problems, the
Supply and Sewerage Project was launched in 1985. Its
in 1988 allowed sewer pipes to collect sewage for pumping
the sea. However, in the outer islands no such sewage
exist. The government has promoted the construction of
ferrocement rainwater tanks in recent years to help ensure safe
drinking water in the outer islands. Major diseases
gastroenteritis, typhoid, and cholera. Malaria,
filariasis, eye infections, poliomyelitis, venereal
leprosy are also reported. Since the late 1970s, a number
disease-eradication projects have been organized with
from the WHO.
Data as of August 1994