Population: In mid-1993 estimated at 1,106,516
population growth rate of 0.95 percent. Density more than
inhabitants per square kilometer.
Ethnic Groups: Constitution recognizes four
categories: Hindus (about 49 percent in 1989), general
(about 29 percent in 1989), Muslims (about 16 percent in
and Sino-Mauritians (about 3 percent in 1989). Ancestors
Hindus and Muslims came from Indian subcontinent; most
SinoMauritians from Hunan; general category represents all
including Europeans, Creoles.
Languages: English (official), Creole, French,
Bhojpuri, and Tamil.
Religion: Hindu (49 percent), Christian (27
Roman Catholic, 0.5 percent Protestant), Muslim (16
which 95 percent Sunni), and other (7.5 percent).
Education: Follows British system, free through
postsecondary level. University of Mauritius and other
postsecondary institutions exist. Overall literacy in
percent; 85 percent for males and 75 percent for females.
Health: Government health services accessible to
of population. In 1994 life expectancy at birth estimated
overall 70.5 years, 74.6 for females, 66.6 years for
1994 infant mortality 18.4 per 1,000 live births.
Data as of August 1994