Secession of Gagauzia and Transnistria
In August the Gagauz declared a separate "Gagauz
(Gagauz-Yeri) in the south, around the city of Comrat
Russian). In September, Slavs on the east bank of the
River proclaimed the "Dnestr Moldavian Republic" (commonly
the "Dnestr Republic") in Transnistria, with its capital
Tiraspol. Although the Supreme Soviet immediately declared
declarations null, both "republics" went on to hold
Stepan Topal was elected president of the "Gagauz
December 1991, and Igor' N. Smirnov was elected president
"Dnestr Republic" in the same month.
Approximately 50,000 armed Moldovan nationalist
went to Transnistria, where widespread violence was
averted by the intervention of the Russian 14th Army. (The
14th Army, now the Russian 14th Army, had been
Chisinau under the High Command of the Southwestern
Military Operations since 1956.) Negotiations in Moscow
Gagauz, the Transnistrian Slavs, and the government of the
Socialist Republic of Moldova failed, and the government
to join in further negotiations.
In May 1991, the country's official name was changed to
Republic of Moldova (Republica Moldova). The name of the
Soviet also was changed, to the Moldovan Parliament.
Data as of June 1995