Population: Population and growth estimates
widely. World Bank estimated 1990 population at 119
however, 1991 preliminary census figures published in 1992
population total of 88.5 million. Growth rate in 1990
about 3.3 percent; 28 percent of population urban in 1985.
Ethnic Groups: 250 to 400 or more recognized
many divided into subgroups of considerable social and
importance. Most important ethnolinguistic categories:
Fulani in north, Yoruba in southwest, and Igbo in
internally subdivided. Next major groups: Kanuri, Ibibio,
Languages: Number of languages estimated at 350
many with dialects. Most important: Hausa, Yoruba, and
Hausa major language in north. English official language
government, large-scale business, mass media, and
beyond primary school. Several other languages also
for primary education. Classical Arabic of religious
Religion: In last officially accepted census
about 47 percent of population self-identified as Muslims
(chiefly adherents of Sunni Islam), nearly 35 percent as
Christians, and more than 18 percent as other (almost
adherents of indigenous religions). Majority of north
south mainly non-Muslim, primarily Christian; middle belt
faiths. Mission-related Christian churches (Anglican,
Catholic, Methodist, and others), African independent
and Aladura Church present.
Education: Universal primary education (six-year
program) responsibility of state and local governments.
increase in enrollments (about 12 million in government
schools, additional millions in Muslim and Christian
schools in 1985). Responsibility for secondary education
by federal and state governments; also some private
million in government secondary schools in 1985. In 1990
150,000 and 200,000 in thirty-five colleges, universities,
higher technical schools.
Health: Major prevalent diseases included
meningitis, yellow fever, Lassa fever, acquired immune
syndrome (AIDS), malaria, guinea worm, schistosomiasis,
onchocerciasis, and malnutrition among young children.
establishments owned by federal, state, and local
private groups. Shortage of medical facilities and
rural areas. Primary Health Care Plan launched in late
including expanded immunization campaign.
Data as of June 1991