Armed Forces: Active-duty personnel 650,000 (June
1989). Component services: army, 575,000 (including 25,000
marines); air force, 40,000; navy, 35,000. Reserve forces about
1.2 million in 1990. Compulsory service in army, navy, and air
force, thirty to thirty-six months.
Combat Units and Major Equipment: Ground Forces: three
army headquarters; equipment inventory includes 1,560 tanks and
1,550 armored personnel carriers, 12 surface-to-surface missiles.
Air Force: includes twenty-two ground attack/intercept squadrons
and one reconnaissance squadron; inventory includes 500 combat
aircraft. Navy: three fleet commands, one aviation command, one
amphibious command with minisubmarines, destroyers, frigates,
missile-attack craft, minesweepers, patrol boats, and amphibious
Military Budget: 5 percent GNP, US$10 billion, 1989
Military Production: Domestic defense industry begun in
early 1970s provides approximately 70 percent of weapons,
ammunition, communication and other equipment, vehicles,
clothing, and other supplies to armed forces.
Internal Security Forces: Agency for National Security
Planning (ANSP), Defense Security Command, Korean National Police
collect domestic intelligence. Korean National Police strength
130,000 in 1989.
Foreign Military Treaties: Signatory to Republic of
Korea-United States of America Mutual Defense Treaty (1954).
Data as of June 1990