Although most interurban travel was either by express bus or
by train, air service between major cities was increasingly
available and popular, especially among business travelers.
Korean Air, founded by the government in 1962 and privately owned
since 1969, was South Korea's sole airline until 1988. Korean Air
served nine major domestic routes in 1988 and also offered
international service to Japan, the United States, Canada, West
Germany, France, Hong Kong, Iraq, Libya, Malaysia, the
Philippines, Saudi Arabia, Singapore, Switzerland, Taiwan,
Thailand, and the United Arab Emirates. A second carrier, Asiana
Airlines, was established in 1988 to serve three domestic cities.
Seoul's Kimp'o International Airport nearly doubled in size by
1989 (largely because of the Seoul Olympics) to accommodate the
rapidly growing number of air travelers. There also were
international airports at Pusan and Cheju; another was planned
Data as of June 1990