TRANSPORTATION AND COMMUNICATIONS
Railroads: Government owned; about 1,944 kilometers of
track; network extends radially from Colombo to northern,
eastern, and southern coastal cities; service to northern and
eastern areas erratic because of domestic unrest.
Roads: Total approximately 75,000 kilometers; paved
(bituminous) about 25,500 kilometers; 478,000 registered vehicles
Waterways: About 430 kilometers of rivers and canals
navigable by shallow draft vessels.
Ports: Deep water ports at Colombo, Trincomalee, and
Galle, latter two underutilized; government shipping corporation
possessed eight freighters and two tankers in late 1980s.
Airfields: Fourteen, of which twelve usable in late
1980s, eleven having permanent surface runways, one (Bandaranaike
International Airport at Katunayaka) with runway more than 2,500
Telecommunications: International service provided by
satellite earth station and submarine cable; international
telephone, telex, and direct dialing in operation; about 106,500
telephones nationwide; about 29 radio stations, 24 of which are
AM, at least 5 are FM) in operation, with more than 2 million
registered receivers in use; 2 television networks broadcast over
4 channels; 350,000 television sets nationwide.
Data as of October 1988