The country's livestock industries accounted for nearly
third of all output in the agricultural sector and met the
nation's basic meat consumption needs. The pork and
industries fared well during the 1980s, while the beef and
industries struggled. The cattle industry, a mainstay of
Venezuela's central plains for centuries, failed to
along with the pork and poultry industries during the
1980s. The low prices paid by the government, combined
producer export taxes, hurt cattle ranchers, who did not
for several years during the 1980s. Both cattle ranchers
dairy farmers were unable to maximize production. The
sought to intervene in the case of the dairy industry,
various levels of subsidies, especially for consumers.
policies proved unsuccessful, however, and did more to
corruption in milk distribution than efficiency in
1990 the country was only 40 percent self-sufficient in
Many of the subsidies were likely targets of
reforms in the early 1990s.
The poultry and pork industries succeeded in bringing
modern production techniques to Venezuela beginning in the
Some 2.5 million pigs were slaughtered in 1988, up from
million in 1980. The poultry industry also increased
from 156 million broilers in 1980 to 251 million in 1988.
country exported modest amounts of poultry in the
the pork and poultry industries, however, faced increased
after 1989 as a result of the exchange rate liberalization
raised the cost of imported feeds.
Data as of December 1990