TRANSPORTATION AND TELECOMMUNICATIONS
Roads: Between 16,000 and 21,000 kilometers
of road network suitable for motor traffic; 6,700 kilometers of
main roads. In the mountainous north, communications still mostly
by pack ponies or donkeys. Private cars not permitted until the
second half of 1990; bicycles and mules widely used.
Railroads: Total of 543 kilometers, all single
track, 509 kilometers in 1.435-meter standard gauge; thirty-four
kilometers in narrow gauge. Work on the Yugoslav section of the
fifty-kilometer line between Shkodėr and Titograd was completed
in late 1985; the line opened to freight traffic in September
Aviation: Scheduled flights from Rinas Airport,
twentyeight kilometers from Tiranė to many major European cities.
No regular internal air service.
Shipping: In 1986 Albania had twenty merchant
ships, with a total displacement of about 56,000 gross tons. Main
ports were Durrės, Vlorė, Sarandė and Shėngjin. Completion of
the new port near Vlorė by early 1990s will allow a cargo-handling
capacity of 4 million tons per year.
Data as of April 1992