Armed Forces: In 1991 the People's Army included
ground forces, air and air defense forces, and naval forces and
comprised about 48,000 active-duty and 155,000 reserve personnel.
Ground Forces: Numbered about 35,000, including
20,000 conscripts. Organized along Soviet lines into four infantry
brigades, one tank brigade, three artillery regiments, and six
coastal artillery battalions. Tanks numbered about 190 and were
old, Soviet-type T-34 and T-54s. Artillery was a mixture of outdated
Soviet and Chinese origin equipment and consisted of towed artillery,
mortars, multiple rocket launchers, and antitank guns. Infantry
brigades operated 130 armored personnel carriers.
Air and Air Defense Forces: About 11,000 members,
the majority of whom were officers assigned to air defense units,
which also had about 1,400 conscripts assigned. Combat aircraft,
supplied by China in the 1960s and early 1970s, numbered less
than 100. Air Forces organized into three squadrons of fighterbombers
, three squadrons of fighters, two squadrons of transports, and
two squadrons of unarmed helicopters. Air Defense Forces manned
about twenty-two Soviet made SA-2s at four sites.
Naval Forces: About 2,000 members, of which
1,000 were conscripts, organized into two coastal defense brigades.
Thirtyseven patrol and coastal combatants, most of which were
torpedo craft of Chinese origin. Two Soviet-made Whiskey-class
submarines. One mine-warfare craft of Soviet origin.
Defense Budget: In 1991 about L1 billion or
about 5 percent of Gross National Product and 10 percent of total
Internal Security Forces: In 1989 about 5,000
uniformed internal security troops, organized into five regiments
of mechanized infantry, and another 5,000 plain-clothed officers.
In July 1991 reorganized by People's Assembly.
Frontier Guards: About 7,000 members organized
into several battalion-sized units.
Data as of April 1992