Fishing was a major industry before independence. In
1970s, there were about 700 fishing boats, and the annual
more than 300,000 tons. Including the catch of foreign
fleets in Angolan waters, the combined annual catch was
at 1 million tons. Following independence and into the
however, the local fishing industry had fallen into
result of the flight of local skilled labor and the return
fishing boats to Portugal. By 1986 only 70 of the 143
in Namibe, the port that normally handled two-thirds of
catch, were operable. Furthermore, most of the
factories were in need of repair. Once an exporter of fish
1986 Angola had insufficient supplies for its own market.
Some of the foreign fishing fleets operating in Angolan
were required by the government to land a portion of their
Angolan ports to increase the local supply of fish.
agreements of this kind had been reached with the Soviet
which operated the largest number of boats in Angolan
with Spain, Japan, and Italy. Spain also agreed to help
rehabilitate the Angolan fishing industry in exchange for
rights. In other cases, the government allowed foreign
export their entire catch in exchange for license fees.
In the mid-1980s, the government began rehabilitating
fishing industry, especially in Namibe and Benguela
first priority was to replace and repair aging equipment.
accomplish this goal, the government was receiving a
amount of foreign assistance. In 1987 the EEC announced
provide funds to help rebuild the Dack Doy shipyards and
canning plants in Tombua. Spain sold Angola thirty-seven
boats for US$70 million, and fourteen modern fishing boats
order from Italy.
Data as of February 1989