Size: Approximately 83,859 square kilometers.
Topography: Most of country Alpine or sub-Alpine;
heavily wooded mountains and hills cut by valleys of fast-flowing
rivers. Plains around Vienna and Danube Valley in northeast only
lowland areas and contain most of population. Danube, flowing
east through northern provinces and Vienna, principal river. Of
total area, 20 percent arable land, 29 percent pasture, 44
percent forest, and 7 percent barren.
Climate: Continental weather systems predominate;
temperatures and rainfall vary with altitude. Temperate, cloudy,
cold winters with frequent rain in lowlands and snow in
mountains; cool summers with occasional showers. Humidity highest
in wetter western regions, diminishing toward east.
Data as of December 1993